Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Floor slab of Reyner Bywema

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 11
Name Floor slab of Reyner Bywema
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Appingedam, Nicolaïkerk
Category
Type Tomb monument, tomb slab or floor slab (physical object)
Classification Tomb slab or floor slab
Short description Stone slab with a decorated arch in the upper half, allied arms hanging from a branch(?) in the lower half, an inscription along the edge, and roundels with the evangelist symbols in the corners
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1525-1575
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [63] St. Nicolaaskerk (Nicolaïkerk) (St Nicholas's Church (Nicolaïkerk)), Appingedam
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ?
(Probable) original location
  • in the church/chapel (exact location unknown)
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function liturgical/religious and historical/political
Grave findings
Additional remarks The inscription refers to a historical fact: the commemorated person was murdered
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Reyner Bywema
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [5700] Reyner Bywema (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons no relation (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification sandstone
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 200 x 101 x 0
Completeness Minor losses at the top
Condition The right edge of the slab is badly worn
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Alma, Redmer, Groninger gedenkwaardigheden, http://www.redmeralma.nl; no. 283
  • Ozinga, M.D., De Nederlandsche Monumenten van Geschiedenis en Kunst; deel VI: De Provincie Groningen; eerste stuk: Oost-Groningen ('s Gravenhage 1940), 13; pl. VI-1
  • Pathuis, A., Groninger gedenkwaardigheden; teksten, wapens en huismerken van 1298-1814 (Assen/Amsterdam 1977), 99; no. 283
Other documentation
SKKN: inv. no. 589-62
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Tomb or floor slab (front) of [11] Floor slab of Reyner Bywema

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Short description
Short description Stone slab with a decorated arch in the upper half, allied arms hanging from a branch(?) in the lower half, an inscription along the edge, and roundels with the evangelist symbols in the corners
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 200 x 101 x 0
Date
Year 1525-1575
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
Specification
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Appingedam, Nicolaïkerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The slab is located in the north chapel, placed vertically against the north wall
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the lower half of slab, left shield
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Allied arms (2 coats of arms in 2 shields, respecting each other)
Specification
Shape of the shield Late renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield a fleur-de-lys between in dexter chief and sinister base a rose and in sinister chief and dexter base a six-pointed star (een lelie tussen rechtsboven en linksonder een roos en linksboven en rechtsonder een zespuntige ster)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
  • Other (guige or band, tree, branch)
Specification Hanging from a branch(?) by a guige
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Bywema
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the lower half of slab, right shield
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Allied arms (2 coats of arms in 2 shields, respecting each other)
Specification
Shape of the shield Late renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield an armored rider on a horse brandishing a sword, with a roundel on the back of the horse (een geharnaste ruiter op een paard met een zwaard in de hand, vergezeld van een bol, liggend op de rug van het paard)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
  • Other (guige or band, tree, branch)
Specification Hanging from a branch(?) by a guige
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription along all four edges of the slab and continuing across the top and bottom
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Int iaer in [...] herr[...] [...] [dach] augusto worth doeth geslagen de erbae Reyner Bywe[m]a, hyr begra[ven].
Translation
English translation In the year of [...] Lord [...] day in August, was beaten to death the honourable Reyner Bywema, buried here.
Dutch translation
Lay–out
Lay-out Raised Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Name [5700] Reyner Bywema (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The inscription along the right edge is practically worn away

Decorations

Indication of part
Indication of the part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • architectural decorations
  • evangelist symbols
  • flowers/plants
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) an ogee arch decorated with leaves and corbels, and surmounted by a finial; roundels with the evangelist symbols in the corners
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 5700
Personal details
Name Reyner Bywema
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks Reyner Bywema was murdered. He died in August, in an unknown year.
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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