Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Chapter

Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk (Mariakerk; Maria Maior) in Utrecht, Utrecht, NL

MeMO institution ID and name
MeMO institution ID 127
Name (Dutch) Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk (Mariakerk; Maria Maior)
Name (English) Our Lady's Church
Patron saint(s)
  • Our Lady
Additional remarks
Location (according to current geography)
Province Utrecht, NL - Netherlands
Settlement Utrecht
Coordinates 137/456C
Diocese before 1559 Utrecht
Diocese after 1559 Utrecht
Parish Utrecht
Date of foundation ca.1075-1100
Type of chapter independent
Founder(s) or main benefactor(s) Emperor Henry IV and bishop Konrad.
Number of prebends 30
Phases in the institutional history The provost, dean and/ or chapter of Our Lady possessed several parishes across the diocese. The provost functioned as archdeacon for Drenthe and for some smaller areas in the vicinity of Utrecht. The chapter participated in the secular government of the bishop.
Date of transition (to secular management)
Date of dissolution 1811
Additional remarks For the remarkable fact that the Utrecht chapters were continued at the introduction of the Reformation (1580) see St Martin's Church.
Extant memorial objects and/or texts concerning memoria
Memorial objects
Text carriers
Type of extant material institution archive/archival material
Storage
Short description of the material Archival records 11-8=1817. Collection identifier: 221.
Holding institution(s)
Name Het Utrechts Archief
Settlement Utrecht, Utrecht, NL
Website
Additional remarks
  • Ginkel, Evert van, Verleden wijk : de immuniteit van Sint-Marie (Utrecht 1998)
  • Haverkate, H.M.; Peet, C.J. van der , De Maria-kerk van Utrecht : Onderzoek naar de vroegste (bouw)geschiedenis van een kapittel-kerk (Utrecht 1984)
  • Hoven van Genderen van den, Bram, Het kapittel-generaal en de Staten van het Nedersticht in de vijftiende eeuw (Zutphen 1987)
  • Jansen, Guido, Pieter Saenredam : gezicht op de Mariaplaats en de Mariakerk te Utrecht (Rotterdam 1987)
  • Joosting & Muller Hzn., J.G.C.& S., Bronnen voor de geschiedenis der kerkelijke rechtspraak in het bisdom Utrecht in de Middeleeuwen. I: S. Muller Hzn, De indeeling van het bisdom (The Hague 1915), 372
  • Kuys, J., Kerkelijke organisatie in het middeleeuwse bisdom Utrecht (Nijmegen 2004), 278
  • Kuys, J., Repertorium van collegiale kapittels in het middeleeuwse bisdom Utrecht (Hilversum 2014), 325-340
  • Vliet, Kaj van, In kringen van kanunniken. Munsters en kapittels in het bisdom Utrecht 695-1227 (Zutphen 2002), 279-282
  • Wilmer, C.C.S. ; Peet, C.J. van der ; Haverkate, H.M., De geschiedenis van de voormalige Mariakerk te Utrecht (Utrecht 1985)
Links

Building history

General date of construction
Church or chapel(s)
Name Utrecht, Our Lady's Church
Date of foundation ca.1085
Date of consecration 1099
Short history of the building stages The building of his church probably took half a century, from 1081 till 1138. The western part of the church with two towers was the last to be finished. The building of this church completed the Utrecht cross of churches, Our Lady's Church constituing the westernmost element. Demolition in parts took place in the eighteenth and first half of the nineteenht century. The cloister (Romanesque, 12th century) still remains, as well as subterranean parts of the complex, now integrated in neighbouring building from later date. Apart from that, a claustral house dating ca. 1525 is still extant. Drawings by Pieter Saenredam give a good impression of the church.
Additional remarks
Burial ground
Location Church and churchyard
Date of consecration
Date of clearance
Extant building remnants
Demolition
Additional remarks
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