Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Grave tile of Floris (Florens) van Wevelinchoven

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 137
Name Grave tile of Floris (Florens) van Wevelinchoven
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Utrecht, Domkerk (St. Maartenskerk)
Category
Type Tomb monument, tomb slab or floor slab (physical object)
Classification Tomb slab or floor slab
Short description Small square tile with fragments of an inscription; adjacent tile(s) is/are missing
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1375-1550
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [21] St. Maartenskerk (Domkerk) (St Martin´s Church (Dom Cathedral)), Utrecht
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification The commemorated person was bishop of Utrecht
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? probably yes
(Probable) original location
  • in the choir
  • near the high altar
Argumentation chronicles
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks The tile has probably always been located in the high choir, in front of the high altar, to the right
Memorial piece
Function
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function liturgical/religious
Grave findings
Additional remarks Possible partial burial. De Groot (2006) wonders whether maybe only Van Wevelinchoven's entrails were buried in the Utrecht church given that the bishop died in Hardenberg
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Florenti de Wevelichoven (Floris (Florens) van Wevelinchoven)
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [137] Florenti de Wevelichoven (Floris (Florens) van Wevelinchoven) (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons no relation (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification yellow limestone
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 27 x 27 x 0
Completeness Incomplete. A copy of a drawing of ca. 1700 shows a second tile, which was placed to the left of the now surviving tile. It is unclear whether the grave of Van Wevelinchoven was originally marked by more than two tiles.
Condition The tile is worn and damaged
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Borst, P., et al., Graven en begraven in de Dom van Utrecht (Bunnik 1997), 24, 102; 47
  • Groot, A. de, De Dom van Utrecht in de zestiende eeuw. Inrichting, decoratie en gebruik van de katholieke kathedraal (Amsterdam 2011), 118, 276, 341, 393; J
  • Peeters, C.J.A.C.; Haslinghuis, E.J., De Nederlandse Monumenten van Geschiedenis en Kunst, dl. II, De provincie Utrecht, Eerste stuk, De gemeente Utrecht, Tweede aflevering, De Dom van Utrecht ('s-Gravenhage 1965), 368; 3
Other documentation
SKKN: inv. no. 967-261, photo no. 967-261_14; RCE: object no. 52.922, adlib priref 20232285
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Tomb or floor slab (front) of [137] Grave tile of Floris (Florens) van Wevelinchoven

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Short description
Short description Small square tile with fragments of an inscription
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 27 x 27 x 0
Date
Year 1375-1550
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
  • date of death given on the object
Specification date of death of the commemorated person (1393); stylistically related to the grave tiles of emperors Conrad II and Henry V
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Domkerk (St. Maartenskerk)
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The tile is located in the high choir, in front of the high altar, to the right
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription covering the surface of the tile (fragments of an inscription)
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription ti de / hove[n] L epi[scopi] / 1393
Translation
English translation
Dutch translation
Lay–out
Lay-out Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Name [137] Florenti de Wevelichoven (Floris (Florens) van Wevelinchoven) (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The now missing adjacent tile (left-hand side) was inscribed with the text: "Floren / Wevelic / obiit". Reconstruction of the inscription: "Florenti de Wevelichove[n] L epi[scopi] obiit 1393" (English: "Floris van Wevelinchoven, 50th bishop, died in 1393" / Dutch: "Floris van Wevelinchoven, 50ste bisschop, stierf in 1393").

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 137
Personal details
Name Florenti de Wevelichoven (Floris (Florens) van Wevelinchoven)
Sex male
Year/date of birth ca.1315
Year/date of death 1393/04/04
Additional remarks Also known as Van Wevelinkhoven or Van Wevelinghoven. He was born north west of Cologne and belonged to the high nobility of Germany. He died in Hardenberg.
Social standing
Status secular clergy
Arguments
  • mentioned in the inscription
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy bishop
Specification canon, vice-dean and bishop
Additional remarks
Additional remarks He started his career as a county priest and became a canon at the Dom (Cathedral) of Cologne at an early age. In 1356, he became vice-dean of the chapter of the Cologne Dom. Bishop of Münster from 1364-1378; bishop of Utrecht from 1378-1393.
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