Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Grave tiles of emperors Conrad II and Henry V

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 138
Name Grave tiles of emperors Conrad II and Henry V
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Utrecht, Domkerk (St. Maartenskerk)
Category
Type Tomb monument, tomb slab or floor slab (physical object)
Classification Tomb slab or floor slab
Short description Series of seven small square tiles - blue and yellow limestone - showing heraldic shields, inscriptions and a crown
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1450-1550
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [21] St. Maartenskerk (Domkerk) (St MartinĀ“s Church (Dom Cathedral)), Utrecht
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? probably yes
(Probable) original location
  • near the high altar
  • in the choir
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks The tiles have probably always been located in the high choir, in front of the high altar
Memorial piece
Function
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function liturgical/religious and social
Grave findings
Additional remarks Commemorated on the object are two or more office-holders (holding the same office), members of the same corporation or members of the same religious order.
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Conradi II and Henrici V
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [138] Conradi II (Conrad II) (male)
  • [139] Henrici V (Henry V) (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons office holders/officials (ecclesiastical or public office)
Relation specification Holy Roman Emperors of the Salian dynasty
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification blue limestone; yellow limestone
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth
Completeness Incomplete: one of the tiles of Conrad II is missing. Originally there were at least seven tiles. It is unclear whether the tile with the year 1479 (?) is part of the original series.
Condition In reasonable condition. Some of the tiles are damaged.
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks The current arrangement of the tiles is not original
Provenance
Provenance
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Borst, P., et al., Graven en begraven in de Dom van Utrecht (Bunnik 1997), 22-24, 103-104; 48
  • Buchelius, A. , Monumenta passim in templis ac monasteriis Traiectinae urbis atque agri inventa (Utrecht ), 21; fol. 13r
  • Bueren, T. van, Gebeeldhouwde nagedachtenis in de Domstad, in: Leeflang, M.; Schooten, K. van, Middeleeuwse beelden uit Utrecht 1430-1530 (Utrecht/Antwerpen 2012), 30-47, 39
  • Groot, A. de, De Dom van Utrecht in de zestiende eeuw. Inrichting, decoratie en gebruik van de katholieke kathedraal (Amsterdam 2011), 113-114, 275, 341, 393; A
  • Peeters, C.J.A.C.; Haslinghuis, E.J., De Nederlandse Monumenten van Geschiedenis en Kunst, dl. II, De provincie Utrecht, Eerste stuk, De gemeente Utrecht, Tweede aflevering, De Dom van Utrecht ('s-Gravenhage 1965), 370, 371
Other documentation
SKKN: inv. no. 967-261; RCE: object nos. 52.923 and 52.924, adlib priref 20232286 and 20232287
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Both emperors died in Utrecht. The balsemed bodies of Conrad II (d. 1039) and Henry V (d. 1125) were buried in the Cathedral of Speyer, but their entrails were buried in the crossing (low choir) of the St. Maartenskerk/Domkerk (St Martin's Church/Dom Church) in Utrecht. There are even indications that an imperial tomb was connected to the graves. The boxes containing the entrails were transferred to the high choir before or during the construction of the transept of the Domkerk in 1460-1480. The small square tiles that mark(ed) the new site of the graves were probably made in the second half of the 15th or the first half of the 16th century, possibly with the intention of replacing an imperial tomb.

Single piece (part of series) of [138] Grave tiles of emperors Conrad II and Henry V

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (part of series)
Short description
Short description (IV) Grave tile: yellow limestone tile with inscription
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 27 x 27 x 0
Date
Year 1450-1550
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
Specification
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Domkerk (St. Maartenskerk)
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The tiles are located in the high choir. They form a north-south line in front of the high-altar.
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks It is unclear whether this tile is part of the original series

Single piece (part of series) of [138] Grave tiles of emperors Conrad II and Henry V

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (part of series)
Short description
Short description (VII) Grave tile of Henry V: yellow limestone tile with inscription
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 27 x 27 x 0
Date
Year 1450-1550
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification Uncertainty about the date of the tiles. According to Borst (et.al., 1997), the tiles were made in the second half of the 15th century, after the transfer of the boxes. De Groot (2006), however, believes that an fabric account of the Domkerk of 1533/34 may refer to the production of the tiles.
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Domkerk (St. Maartenskerk)
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The tiles are located in the high choir. They form a north-south line in front of the high-altar.
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Single piece (part of series) of [138] Grave tiles of emperors Conrad II and Henry V

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (part of series)
Short description
Short description (I) Grave tile of Conrad II: blue limestone tile with a heraldic shield showing an eagle
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 27 x 27 x 0
Date
Year 1450-1550
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification Uncertainty about the date of the tiles. According to Borst (et.al., 1997), the tiles were made in the second half of the 15th century, after the transfer of the boxes. De Groot (2006), however, believes that an fabric account of the Domkerk of 1533/34 may refer to the production of the tiles.
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Domkerk (St. Maartenskerk)
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The tiles are located in the high choir. They form a north-south line in front of the high-altar.
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Single piece (part of series) of [138] Grave tiles of emperors Conrad II and Henry V

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (part of series)
Short description
Short description (VI) Grave tile of Henry V: yellow limestone tile with inscription
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 27 x 27 x 0
Date
Year 1450-1550
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification Uncertainty about the date of the tiles. According to Borst (et.al., 1997), the tiles were made in the second half of the 15th century, after the transfer of the boxes. De Groot (2006), however, believes that an fabric account of the Domkerk of 1533/34 may refer to the production of the tiles.
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Domkerk (St. Maartenskerk)
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The tiles are located in the high choir. They form a north-south line in front of the high-altar.
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Single piece (part of series) of [138] Grave tiles of emperors Conrad II and Henry V

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (part of series)
Short description
Short description (II) Grave tile of Conrad II: blue limestone tile showing an imperial crown
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 27 x 27 x 0
Date
Year 1450-1550
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification Uncertainty about the date of the tiles. According to Borst (et.al., 1997), the tiles were made in the second half of the 15th century, after the transfer of the boxes. De Groot (2006), however, believes that an fabric account of the Domkerk of 1533/34 may refer to the production of the tiles.
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Domkerk (St. Maartenskerk)
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The tiles are located in the high choir. They form a north-south line in front of the high-altar.
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Single piece (part of series) of [138] Grave tiles of emperors Conrad II and Henry V

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (part of series)
Short description
Short description (III) Grave tile of Conrad II: blue limestone tile with inscription (an adjacent tile is missing)
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 27 x 27 x 0
Date
Year 1450-1550
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification
Additional remarks Uncertainty about the date of the tiles. According to Borst (et.al., 1997), the tiles were made in the second half of the 15th century, after the transfer of the boxes. De Groot (2006), however, believes that an fabric account of the Domkerk of 1533/34 may refer to the production of the tiles.
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Domkerk (St. Maartenskerk)
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The tiles are located in the high choir. They form a north-south line in front of the high-altar.
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Single piece (part of series) of [138] Grave tiles of emperors Conrad II and Henry V

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (part of series)
Short description
Short description (V) Grave tile of Henry V: blue limestone tile with a heraldic shield showing an eagle
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 27 x 27 x 0
Date
Year 1450-1550
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification Uncertainty about the date of the tiles. According to Borst (et.al., 1997), the tiles were made in the second half of the 15th century, after the transfer of the boxes. De Groot (2006), however, believes that an fabric account of the Domkerk of 1533/34 may refer to the production of the tiles.
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Domkerk (St. Maartenskerk)
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The tiles are located in the high choir. They form a north-south line in front of the high-altar.
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (part of series)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry covering the surface of tile I
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield A double headed eagle, on an inescutchon three contourny lions passant (Een dubbele adelaar; op een hartschild drie omgewende gaande leeuwen).
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Kingdom of Germany
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (part of series)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry covering the surface of tile V
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield A double headed eagle; on a inescutcheon three lions passant (Een dubbele adelaar; op een hartschild drie gaande leeuwen)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Kingdom of Germany
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (part of series)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription tile IV
Language(s)
Languages
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription 1479(?)
Translation
English translation
Dutch translation
Lay–out
Lay-out
Inscription mentioning
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The meaning of this date is unknown
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (part of series)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription tiles VI and VII
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Exta / Henri/ci quinti/ Romanorum / imperatoris / 1125
Translation
English translation Intestines of Henry V, emperor of the Romans, 1125
Dutch translation Ingewanden van Hendrik V, keizer der Romeinen, 1125
Lay–out
Lay-out Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Name [139] Henrici V (Henry V) (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The slashes (/) in the transcription mark the divisions between the two tiles.
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (part of series)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription tile III
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Exta [Conra]di secundi [Romanorum] imperatoris [1039]
Translation
English translation Intestines of [Conra]d II, emperor [of the Romans] [1039]
Dutch translation Ingewanden van [Koenraa]d II, keizer [der Romeinen] [1039]
Lay–out
Lay-out Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Name [138] Conradi II (Conrad II) (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The bracketed text ([ ]) was originally inscribed on an adjacent tile, which is now missing

Decorations

Indication of part
Indication of the part Single piece (part of series)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • emblems and symbols of status and profession (incl. armour, a ship etc.)
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) Imperial crown (tile II)
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 138
Personal details
Name Conradi II (Conrad II)
Sex male
Year/date of birth ca.990
Year/date of death 1039/06/04
Additional remarks Son of Henry of Speyer and Adelaide of Alsace. Husband of Gisela of Swabia and father of Henry III, Matilda and Beatrix. He suffered from gout and died in Utrecht. His balsemed body was buried in the Cathedral of Speyer; his entrails were buried in the St. Maartenskerk/Domkerk (St Martin's Church/Dom Church) in Utrecht.
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
  • mentioned in the inscription
  • according to literature
Specification Count of Speyer and Worms; King of Germany from 1024; Holy Roman Emperor from 26 March 1027, becoming the first of four kings and emperors of the Salian Dynasty.
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy canon
Specification canon at the St. Maartenskerk/Domkerk in Utrecht
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 139
Personal details
Name Henrici V (Henry V)
Sex male
Year/date of birth 1081
Year/date of death 1125/05/23
Additional remarks Son of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor, and Bertha of Savoy. Husband of Matilda of England. He died in Utrecht. His balsemed body was buried in the Cathedral of Speyer; his entrails were buried in the St. Maartenskerk/Domkerk (St Martin's Church/Dom Church) in Utrecht.
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
Specification King of Germany from 1099-1125; Holy Roman Emperor from 1111-1125, as the fourth and last ruler of the Salian dynasty.
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy canon
Specification canon at the St. Maartenskerk/Domkerk in Utrecht
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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