Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Tomb monument of Gijsbrecht van Amstel van IJsselstein, Bertha van Heukelom, Arnold van Amstel van IJsselstein and Maria van Henegouwen

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 1437
Name Tomb monument of Gijsbrecht van Amstel van IJsselstein, Bertha van Heukelom, Arnold van Amstel van IJsselstein and Maria van Henegouwen
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • IJsselstein, Oude Sint-Nicolaaskerk
Category
Type Tomb monument, tomb slab or floor slab (physical object)
Classification Tomb monument
Short description Stone, freestanding chest tomb: a base with a moulded plinth; a plain chest with a bronze memorial plaque; a cover with the gisants of two knights and two women, four heraldic shields and Gothic baldachins above their heads, and animals at their feet
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1325-1375
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [155] St. Nicolaaskerk (St Nicholas's Church), IJsselstein
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
  • based on research (literature, archival or archaeological research)
Specification Gijsbrecht van Amstel, lord of IJsselstein, was the founder of this church
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? no
(Probable) original location
  • in the transept
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks The tomb monument was originally located in the north transept (until 1857)
Memorial piece
Function
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function liturgical/religious and social
Grave findings
Additional remarks Commemorated on the object are a married couple, (members of) a nuclear family or (members of) an extended family. • No information is available about possible other functions, because the object is too damaged or no photograph is available.
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Van Amstel van IJsselstein family
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [3418] Arnold van Amstel van IJsselstein (male)
  • [3419] Maria van Henegouwen (female)
  • [3415] Gijsbrecht van Amstel van IJsselstein (male)
  • [3417] Bertha van Heukelom (female)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons extended family
Relation specification married couple with a son and daughter-in-law
Additional remarks
Name Guyote van Amstel van IJsselstein (?)
Composition of the commissioning party
  • single person
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
  • [6547] Guyote van Amstel van IJsselstein (female)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party The commissioning party was a relative/friend/colleague of the commemorated party
Relation specification Guyote van IJsselstein was the daughter of Arnold van Amstel van IJsselstein and Maria van Henegouwen, and granddaughter of Gijsbrecht van Amstel van IJsselstein and Bertha van Heukelom. Guyote and her husband Jan van Egmond may also have been buried in the family grave.
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification Black limestone, probably from Tournai (Doornik) in the province of Hainaut. The monument of the Van Amstel van IJsselstein family shows stylistic similarities with black limestone tomb monuments in Hainaut and the Bishopric of Utrecht which all were made in Tournai workshops.
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 110 x 293 x 253
Completeness Heavily restored tomb (see below): many original elements have been lost and subsequently reconstructed. Furthermore, in the 19th century, the tomb cover displayed three helmets and an elbow piece of a suit of armour. It is unclear whether these objects have always been part of the monument. The three helmets are now in possession of the Municipal Museum of IJsselstein (Stadsmuseum).
Condition The tomb shows cracks, breaks, holes and discolourations
Conservation • Inventory of 1855: heads of the gisants broken off, hands missing and the tomb cover broken in 18 pieces. Restoration executed by E.F. Georges in 1857-1859, during which the tomb was moved from the north transept to the choir. • Restoration of the damaged and stained tomb by L. ter Riele in 1909. • Restoration in 1916 after the tomb was severely damaged in a 1911 church fire. • Restoration and vent holes installed in 1983.
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
  • inscription(s) added
Specification Bronze memorial plaque added during the restoration of 1857-1859
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Bloys van Treslong Prins, P.C., Genealogische en heraldische gedenkwaardigheden in en uit de kerken der provincie Utrecht (Utrecht 1919), 299-300
  • Dam, René ten, IJsselstein - Graftombe voor de Heren van IJsselstein, http://www.dodenakkers.nl/begraafplaatsen/utrecht/236-ijsselstein.html
  • Kuiken, Kees, IJsselstein, Guyote van (?-1373/1374), http://www.historici.nl/Onderzoek/Projecten/DVN/lemmata/data/IJsselstein
  • Olde Meierink, B.; Kolman, Chris; Stenvert, Ronald, Monumenten in Nederland. Utrecht. Rijksdienst voor de Monumentenzorg (Zwolle 1996), 131
Other documentation
SKKN: inv. no. 4514-4; Het Utrechts Archief: cat. nos. 6379, 6380, 6383, 6384, 12331, 200292 and 210039
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The moulded base is surmounted by a plain, undecorated chest showing vent holes and a bronze memorial plaque. The latin text commemorates the four depicted persons, as well as the restoration of the monument by E.F. Georges in 1857-1859.

Chest tomb: tomb cover of [1437] Tomb monument of Gijsbrecht van Amstel van IJsselstein, Bertha van Heukelom, Arnold van Amstel van IJsselstein and Maria van Henegouwen

Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: tomb cover
Short description
Short description Large slab with moulded egdes on which are placed the gisants of two knights and two women, four heraldic shields and Gothic baldachins above their heads, and lions and dogs at their feet
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 293 x 253 x 0
Date
Year ca.1370
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date of death (from other sources)
  • based on stylistic research
Specification Arnold van Amstel van IJsselstein was the last of the commemorated persons to die, in 1363; Guyote van Amstel van IJsselstein, who supposedly commissioned the monument, died ca. 1373
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution IJsselstein, Oude Sint-Nicolaaskerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The tomb is located in the choir
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: tomb cover
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait first gisant from the left
Portrait of
Name Gijsbrecht van Amstel van IJsselstein
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on heraldry on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person cannot be determined
Argumentation
Specification
Posture uncertain/cannot be determined
Manner of portrayal • Posture: combination of standing and recumbent. The pleats of the garments suggest that Gijsbrecht is standing, while the pillow implies a recumbent pose. • Hands folded.
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing aristocratic/noble attire
Short description suit of armour, chain mail, tunic, cloak/cape
Attributes
Attributes
  • sword
  • shield
  • animal(s)
Specification shield hanging from his shoulder; sword/dagger attached to a belt around his waist; lion
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The commemorated person is depicted as a knight. His shield displays the family arms, which is repeated above his head. The lion at his feet symbolizes strength and courage.
Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: tomb cover
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait second gisant from the left
Portrait of
Name Bertha van Heukelom
Sex female
Argumentation
  • based on heraldry on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person cannot be determined
Argumentation
Specification
Posture uncertain/cannot be determined
Manner of portrayal • Posture: combination of standing and recumbent. The pleats of the garments suggest that Bertha is standing, while the pillow implies a recumbent pose. • Hands folded.
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description long garment, guimpe and headdress
Attributes
Attributes
  • animal(s)
Specification dog
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The dog at her feet symbolizes loyalty
Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: tomb cover
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait third gisant from the left
Portrait of
Name Arnold van Amstel van IJsselstein
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on heraldry on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person cannot be determined
Argumentation
Specification
Posture uncertain/cannot be determined
Manner of portrayal • Posture: combination of standing and recumbent. The pleats of the garments suggest that Arnold is standing, while the pillow implies a recumbent pose. • Hands folded.
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing aristocratic/noble attire
Short description suit of armour, chain mail, tunic, cloak/cape
Attributes
Attributes
  • shield
  • sword
  • animal(s)
Specification shield hanging from his shoulder; sword/dagger attached to a belt around his waist; lion
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The commemorated person is depicted as a knight. His shield displays the family arms, which is repeated above his head. The lion at his feet symbolizes strength and courage.
Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: tomb cover
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait fourth gisant from the left
Portrait of
Name Maria van Henegouwen
Sex female
Argumentation
  • based on heraldry on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person cannot be determined
Argumentation
Specification
Posture uncertain/cannot be determined
Manner of portrayal • Posture: combination of standing and recumbent. The pleats of the garments suggest that Maria is standing, while the pillow implies a recumbent pose. • Hands folded.
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description cape/cloak, long dress, guimpe and headdress
Attributes
Attributes
  • animal(s)
Specification dog
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The dog at her feet symbolizes loyalty

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: tomb cover
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry above the first gisant from the left
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield a fess, over all a checky saltire (een geschaakt schuinkruis over een dwarsbalk)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Van IJsselstein
Person details
Person details
  • [3415] Gijsbrecht van Amstel van IJsselstein (male)
Additional remarks
Additional remarks This coat of arms is also depicted on the shields of the two knights
Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: tomb cover
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry above the second gisant from the left
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield two embattled and counterembattled fesses (twee beurtelings gekanteelde dwarsbalken)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Van Heukelom
Person details
Person details
  • [3417] Bertha van Heukelom (female)
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: tomb cover
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry above the third gisant from the left
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield a fess, over all a checky saltire (een geschaakt schuinkruis over een dwarsbalk)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Van IJsselstein
Person details
Person details
  • [3418] Arnold van Amstel van IJsselstein (male)
Additional remarks
Additional remarks This coat of arms is also depicted on the shields of the two knights
Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: tomb cover
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry above the fourth gisant from the left
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Marshalled arms (2 coats of arms in one shield per pale or per fess)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield per pale, I: two lions in pale; II: a fess, over all half a checky saltire (gedeeld, I: twee leeuwen boven elkaar; II: een half geschaakt schuinkruis over een dwarsbalk)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Van Henegouwen-Van IJsselstein
Person details
Person details
  • [3419] Maria van Henegouwen (female)
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Decorations

Indication of part
Indication of the part Chest tomb: tomb cover
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • architectural decorations
  • animals (pets/other)
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) • Gothic architecture: three pillars surmounted by four baldachins, each consisting of a gable with a trefoil arch and decorated with a finial and crockets. • Two lions and two dogs at the feet of the gisants.
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 3415
Personal details
Name Gijsbrecht van Amstel van IJsselstein
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death ca.1343
Additional remarks Eldest son of Arnoud van Amstel, lord of IJsselstein, and Johanna van IJsselstein. Husband of Bertha van Heukelom, with whom he had at least five sons and two daughters. Founder of St Nicholas's Church in IJsselstein, where he was also buried.
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
  • clothing of the portrayed person
  • according to literature
  • identification of the person (portrayed, mentioned in text or owning the coat of arms)
Specification lord of Benschop, Noord-Polsbroek and IJsselstein; marshall of the bishop of Utrecht
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 3417
Personal details
Name Bertha van Heukelom
Sex female
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1322/02/25
Additional remarks Daughter of Otto I van Arkel, lord of Heukelom. Wife of Gijsbrecht van Amstel van IJsselstein, with whom she had at least five sons and two daughters. Bertha played an important role in the defence of IJsselstein Castle. She was buried in St Nicholas's Church in IJsselstein.
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
  • according to literature
  • identification of the person (portrayed, mentioned in text or owning the coat of arms)
Specification lady
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 3418
Personal details
Name Arnold van Amstel van IJsselstein
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1363
Additional remarks Also known as Arend or Arnoud. Son of Gijsbrecht van Amstel van IJsselstein and Bertha van Heukelom. Husband of Maria van Henegouwen, daughter of Guy van Avesnes, with whom he had at least one daughter (Guyote). He was buried in St Nicholas's Church in IJsselstein.
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
  • clothing of the portrayed person
  • according to literature
  • identification of the person (portrayed, mentioned in text or owning the coat of arms)
Specification knight; lord of IJsselstein; bailiff ('schout') of Amersfoort and Eemland
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 3419
Personal details
Name Maria van Henegouwen
Sex female
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1344
Additional remarks Also known as Maria van Avesnes. Illegitimate daughter of Guy van Avesnes, bishop of Utrecht. Wife of Arnold (Arend/Arnoud) van Amstel van IJsselstein, with whom she had at least one daughter (Guyote). She was buried in St Nicholas's Church in IJsselstein.
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
  • according to literature
  • identification of the person (portrayed, mentioned in text or owning the coat of arms)
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 6547
Personal details
Name Guyote van Amstel van IJsselstein
Sex female
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death ca.1373
Additional remarks Also known as Jutta, Judith, Gudele or Goudijn van Amstel. Guyote was named after Guy van Avesnes, bishop of Utrecht and her maternal grandfather. She was the daughter of Arnold van Amstel van IJsselstein (d. 1363) and Maria van Henegouwen (d. <1347). On 20 May 1330, she married Jan van Egmond, lord of Zevenhuizen and Zegwaard. The pair had at least five sons and five daughters. Jan van Egmond died in 1369, Guyote in 1373 or 1374. She is most likely the patron of the tomb monument of her parents and paternal grandparents in the church of IJsselstein.
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
  • according to literature
Specification lady of IJsselstein
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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