Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Floor slab of Tjalling van Botnia

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 157
Name Floor slab of Tjalling van Botnia
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Franeker, Martinikerk
Category
Type Tomb monument, tomb slab or floor slab (physical object)
Classification Tomb slab or floor slab
Short description Stone slab with allied arms held by human figures under a double arch, a cartouche with worn inscription below, an inscription along the edge, and quatrefoils with heraldic shields in the corners
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1525-1550
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Benedictus Gerbrants
Original institution(s)
Original institution [44] St. Martinikerk (St Martin's Church), Franeker
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification Tjalling van Botnia was mayor of Franekeradeel and lived in Franeker
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? no
(Probable) original location
  • in the church/chapel (exact location unknown)
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location) Tjalling's second wife and son were buried in the church as well
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function liturgical/religious and historical/political
Grave findings
Additional remarks • Decoration referring to a historical fact, a pilgrimage to Jerusalem. • No information is available about possible other functions, due to a worn inscription.
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Tyalyng van Botnya (Tjalling van Botnia)
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [162] Tyalyng van Botnya (Tjalling van Botnia) (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons not applicable (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification blue limestone
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 229 x 121 x 18
Completeness Complete
Condition Good
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Cannegieter, Dominicus, Grafsteenen, lijkgedichten, gedenkteekenen en wapenborden in de Sint Martinikerk te Franeker, http://www.mpaginae.nl/Franeker/Cannegieter.htm; A 21
  • Heerma van Voss, A.L., De opgezette grafzerken in de Martinikerk te Franeker, De vrije Fries 40 (1950), 19-34, 26; no. 7
  • Leeman, Fred; Vos, Rik, Het nieuwe ornament ('s Gravenhage 1986), 140
  • Ligtenberg, Raphael, Grafzerken der XVIe eeuw in Friesland ( 1915), 7
  • Vries, O., De Heeren van den Raede. Biografieën en groepsportret van de raadsheren van het Hof van Friesland, 1499-1811 (Hilversum 1999), 205-206; no. 39
  • Walle, Hessel de, Friezen uit vroeger eeuwen; Opschriften uit Friesland, 1280-1811 (Franeker 2007), 243; no. 1648
  • Wierstra, Simon, Genealogische bestanden van de oude Friese adel en aanverwante families tot 1800, http://www.simonwierstra.nl/index6.htm
  • Zandveld, Frits, Register van grafzerken in de Martinikerk te Franeker, http://members.home.nl/frits.zandveld/zerken/zplatte.htm; no. 171
Other documentation
Register of G. van der Heide (1993): record 171
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Tomb or floor slab (front) of [157] Floor slab of Tjalling van Botnia

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Short description
Short description Stone slab with allied arms held by human figures under a double arch, a cartouche with worn inscription below, an inscription along the edge, and quatrefoils with heraldic shields in the corners
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 229 x 121 x 18
Date
Year 1535
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date given on the object (not date of death)
Specification date given on a small tablet attached to a column above the double arch, in the centre
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Franeker, Martinikerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The slab is located in the ambulatory, placed vertically against the northern wall, near column 18 (groundplan Cannegieter and Zandveld)
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Benedictus Gerbrants
Attribution
  • signature
  • mark(s)
Specification The small shield below the allied arms probably shows the signature of the artist: BG.
Assignment
Role not specified
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation The floor slab is stylistically similar to the slab of Tjalling's cousin Juw, with whom he went on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, see MeMO Memorial Object 166
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the centre, on the left
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Allied arms (2 coats of arms in 2 shields, respecting each other)
Specification
Shape of the shield Late renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield a contourny bowed and armoured arm holding an upright sword (een omgewende gebogen en geharnaste arm die een rechtsopstaande zwaard vasthoudt)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling) crest: the contourny arm and sword of the arms (helmteken: de omgewende arm en zwaard uit het schild)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
  • One or two human figures
Specification A male figure, with one foot standing on a skull
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Botnia
Person details
Person details
  • [162] Tyalyng van Botnya (Tjalling van Botnia) (male)
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the centre, on the right
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Allied arms (2 coats of arms in 2 shields, respecting each other)
Specification
Shape of the shield Lozenge shield
Specification
Description of the shield per pale, I: the Friesian eagle; II: per fess, A: a decrescent, to the sinister two stars in pale; B: three scallop shells, 2-1 (gedeeld, I: de Friese adelaar; II: doorsneden, A: een omgewende wassenaar links vergezeld van twee sterren boven elkaar; B: drie St. Jacobsschelpen, 2-1)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
  • One or two human figures
Specification A female figure
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Hottinga
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Frouck van Hottinga was Tjalling van Botnia's second wife
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the upper left corner, inside a quatrefoil
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Tournament shield
Specification
Description of the shield a contourny bowed and armoured arm holding an upright sword (een omgewende gebogen en geharnaste arm die een rechtsopstaande zwaard vasthoudt)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
  • Other (guige or band, tree, branch)
Specification Suspended from a ring
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Botnia
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Heraldry of Tjalling's paternal grandfather
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the lower left corner, inside a quatrefoil
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Lozenge shield
Specification
Description of the shield a two-headed eagle (een dubbele adelaar)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
  • Other (guige or band, tree, branch)
Specification Suspended from a ring
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Jeppema
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Heraldry of Tjalling's maternal grandfather
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the upper right corner, inside a quatrefoil
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Tournament shield
Specification
Description of the shield per pale, I: the Friesian eagle; II: a six-pointed star (gedeeld, I: de Friese adelaar; II: een zespuntige ster)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
  • Other (guige or band, tree, branch)
Specification Suspended from a ring
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Sybeda
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Heraldry of Tjalling's paternal grandmother
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the lower right corner, inside a quatrefoil
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Lozenge shield
Specification
Description of the shield a lion (een leeuw)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
  • Other (guige or band, tree, branch)
Specification Suspended from a ring
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Helbada
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Heraldry of Tjalling's maternal grandmother

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription along all four edges of the slab
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Int jaer ons heren MVc ende XXXIII, den IIII dach novembris, sterf den gestrengen, erntvesten heeren Tyalying van Botnya, R[idder] ende R[aet] der K[eiserlijcke] M[ajesteit].
Translation
English translation In the year of Our Lord 1533, the 4th day of November, died the distinguished, venerable lord Tjalling van Botnia, knight and councillor of the Imperial Majesty.
Dutch translation
Lay–out
Lay-out Raised Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Name [162] Tyalyng van Botnya (Tjalling van Botnia) (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Name [5622] Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is used as a reference
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription in a cartouche in the lower section of the slab
Language(s)
Languages
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Wie(?) [...] / [...] / [...].
Translation
English translation
Dutch translation
Lay–out
Lay-out Raised Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Additional remarks
Additional remarks A short inscription, perhaps concerning the mortality of man. The text is badly worn.

Decorations

Indication of part
Indication of the part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • scrollwork and/or strapwork
  • architectural decorations
  • human figures (incl. skeletons and skulls)
  • flowers/plants
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) a double arch surrounded by scrolling leaf patterns in which two children holding a cord from which two medallions are hanging: one showing a Jerusalem cross (left), the other showing two crossed palm branches (right); two human shield supporters, the man on the left standing on a skull
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The Jerusalem cross and palm branches indicate that Tjalling van Botnia had made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 162
Personal details
Name Tyalyng van Botnya (Tjalling van Botnia)
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1533/11/04
Additional remarks Son of Syds van Botnia (also known as Syds Tjaerda) and Ansck van Jeppema. Tjalling was married to: 1) Ansck Sydses van Scheltinga; 2) Frouck Jarichs van Hottinga. He owned property in i.a. Hallum, Blija, Genum, Hantum and Ee. In 1517, Tjalling went on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land together with his cousin Juw van Botnia and Hessel van Martena.
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
  • according to literature
  • mentioned in the inscription
Specification included in a list of Frisian noblemen (1505/01/05); mayor ('grietman') of Ferwerderadeel (1505-1508); mayor ('grietman') of Hennaarderadeel (1513-?); knighted by stadtholder Floris van Egmond on 1 July 1515; councillor at the Frisian Court (1515-1527); councillor extraordinary at the Frisian Court (1527-1533); mayor ('grietman') of Franekeradeel (1517-1533)
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 5622
Personal details
Name Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
Sex male
Year/date of birth 1500/02/24
Year/date of death 1558/09/21
Additional remarks Descendant of the House of Habsburg. Eldest son of Philip the Fair and Joanna the Mad. He married his first cousin Isabella of Portugal on 10 March 1526.
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
  • according to literature
Specification Duke of Burgundy, Lord of the Netherlands (1506-1556, since 1543 of all regions, including Friesland since 1524); Count Palatine of Burgundy (1506-1555); King of Spain (1516-1556); King of Italy (1519-1556); Holy Roman Emperor (1519-1556).
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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