Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Floor slab of Ghijsbert Willem Raet (fragment(s))

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 1579
Name Floor slab of Ghijsbert Willem Raet (fragment(s))
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Gouda, Museum Gouda
Category
Type Tomb monument, tomb slab or floor slab (physical object)
Classification Tomb slab or floor slab
Short description Upper half of a stone slab with an inscription along the edge and indents; five brass plates showing the evangelist symbols (corners) and an angel holding two shields inside a trefoil with an inscription along its edge (centre)
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1500-1525
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [938] Jeruzalemkapel (Jerusalem Chapel), Gouda
Arguments
  • based on research (literature, archival or archaeological research)
Specification Ghijsbert Willem Raet founded the Jerusalem Chapel in which he was buried.
Still in original institution? no
Location inside the institution
In situ?
(Probable) original location
  • in a chapel
Argumentation The slab was originally situated in the Jerusalem Chapel in Gouda, which was founded by Ghijsbert Willem Raet himself
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function liturgical/religious and historical/political
Grave findings
Additional remarks The inscription refers to historical facts: the foundation by the commemorated party of the Jerusalem chapel in Gouda. The heraldry refers to his pilgrimages to the Holy Land and St Catherine's Monastery at Mount Sinai.
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Ghijsbert Willem Raet
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [6537] Ghijsbert Willem Raet (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons no relation (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
  • brass (copper alloy)
Specification hardstone slab and five brass plates
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 25 x 50 x 0
Completeness This is only the upper part of the original stone slab, from which the original brass plates have been removed.
Condition Fragmentary
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
  • decoration(s) removed
Specification The five brass plates are now preserved in the Rijksmuseum. The upper part of the original stone slab is in the church of St John in Gouda together with a replica of the slab with the brass plates
Additional remarks The complete slab measured 228 x 122 cm. The central brass trefoil measures 87.5 x 79 cm and each of the corner trefoils 24 x 24.5 cm.
Provenance
Provenance The slab was originally situated in the Jerusalem Chapel, Gouda. It was located in the Heilige Geest Weeshuis (Orphanage of the Holy Ghost) in Gouda during the 19th century; it was mentioned in an inventory dated 10 July 1812. The brass plates were acquired by the Rijksmuseum in 1874.
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Goudriaan, Koen, Gijsbert Raet en zijn Jeruzalemkapel, Tidinge van die Goude 17 (1999), 15-29
  • Holterman, Bart, Representations of Jerusalem pilgrims, http://memo.hum.uu.nl/jerusalem/pages/graves.html
  • Kellen jr., D. van der, Le Moyen-Age et la Renaissance dans les Pays-Bas ( ); Pl. 38
  • Rijksmuseum, Vijf platen afkomstig van de grafzerk van Gijsbert Willemsz. Raet te Gouda, anoniem, ca. 1511, https://www.rijksmuseum.nl/nl/collectie/BK-NM-32
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Tomb or floor slab (front) of [1579] Floor slab of Ghijsbert Willem Raet (fragment(s))

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Short description
Short description Upper half of a stone slab with an inscription along the edge and indents; five brass plates showing the evangelist symbols (corners) and an angel holding two shields inside a trefoil with an inscription along its edge (centre)
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 25 x 50 x 0
Date
Year 1511
Specified date 1511/05/17
Argumentation
  • date of death (from other sources)
  • date of death given on the object
Specification
Additional remarks Raet may well have commissioned the slab in his lifetime
Holding institution
Holding institution Gouda, Museum Gouda
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The remains of the original stone slab have recently been moved to the 'Burgemeesterswoning' (burgomaster's residence) in Gouda, next door to the Jerusalem Chapel where the slab was originally situated. The replica is in the church of St John in Gouda (south aisle of the nave). The original brass plates are in the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam.
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry on the left on a brass trefoil plate originally in the centre of the slab
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield a chalice between two affronty palmbranches (een kelk tussen twee toegewende palmtakken)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
  • One or two mythical figures (angels or putti)
Specification A standing angel
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The shield refers to Ghijsbert Willem Raet's profession as priest and his status as Jerusalem pilgrim
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry on the right on a brass trefoil plate originally in the centre of the slab
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Heraldry of religious institutions (churches, basilicas, monasteries)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield per pale, I: the Holy Sepulture with in chief the Cross of Jerusalem; II: a Catharine-wheel pierced by two swords, hilts upwards, in saltire (gedeeld, I: het Heilige Graf boven vergezeld van een Jeruzalemkruis; II: een Catharinarad, schuinkruislings doorstoken met twee zwaarden, de gevesten boven)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
  • One or two mythical figures (angels or putti)
Specification A standing angel
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The shield refers to Ghijsbert Willem Raet's pilgrimages to Jerusalem and St Catherine's Monastery at Mount Sinai

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription along the edge of the brass trefoil plate
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription In tenebris stravi lectulum meum. Et rursum post tenebras spero lucem.
Translation
English translation In darkness I have made my bed, and after darkness I hope for light again.
Dutch translation In duisternis heb ik mijn bed gespreid en na duisternis verwacht ik weer licht.
Lay–out
Lay-out Raised Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Text based on the Vulgate, Job 17:12 and 13
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription probably along all four sides of the slab originally
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Anno Domini XVc XI die XVII Maii obiit venerabilis dominus Ghijsbert [...], [fun]dator huius cappelle, cuius anima requiescat in pace.
Translation
English translation In the year of the Lord 1511 on the 17th day of May died the venerable sir Ghijsbert [...], founder of this chapel, whose soul may rest in peace.
Dutch translation In het jaar des Heeren 1511 op de 17de dag van mei stierf de eerbare heer Ghijsbert [...], stichter van deze kapel, wiens ziel in vrede moge rusten.
Lay–out
Lay-out Raised Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The stone slab is now incomplete, so the inscription has been partly reconstructed on the basis of earlier records.

Decorations

Indication of part
Indication of the part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • evangelist symbols
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) Four brass medallions with the evangelist symbols, each carrying a banderole with their name in Gothic textualis
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The lost brass quatrefoils in the corners may have featured the evangelist symbols

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 6537
Personal details
Name Ghijsbert Willem Raet
Sex male
Year/date of birth ca.1437
Year/date of death 1511/05/27
Additional remarks Ghijsbert was a son of Willem Raet, a citizen of Gouda. Ghijsbert owned several properties in and around Gouda, which he rented out. He became a priest around 1460. In 1475 or 1485 he made a pilgrimage to Jerusalem. Based on the heraldry on his slab, Ghijsbert also visited St Catherine's Monastery at Mount Sinai. In 1497 he built the Jerusalem Chapel in Gouda at his own expense, while making arrangements for his properties to pay for the Chapel's maintenance and services after his death. He was buried in the Chapel.
Social standing
Status secular clergy
Arguments
  • attribute of the portrayed/commemorated person (e.g. a priest's chalice)
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy (parish or chantry) priest
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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