Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Tomb slab of Petronella (of Saxony?) (fragment(s))

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 1595
Name Tomb slab of Petronella (of Saxony?) (fragment(s))
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Rijnsburg, Grote- of Laurentiuskerk
Category
Type Tomb monument, tomb slab or floor slab (physical object)
Classification Tomb slab or floor slab
Short description Fragment of a stone tomb slab with a woman's head and the name Petronella
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1100-1150
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [592] Rijnsburg, Benedictinessenabdij (Rijnsburg Abbey, Benedictine Nuns), Rijnsburg
Arguments
  • object is in the rebuilt institution
  • based on research (literature, archival or archaeological research)
Specification Petronella (or Petronilla) of Saxony founded Rijnsburg Abbey in 1133; her daughter Hedwig became a nun there. Petronella and her second son Floris 'the Black' were buried here.
Still in original institution? no
Location inside the institution
In situ?
(Probable) original location
  • in the church/chapel (exact location unknown)
Argumentation If this is indeed a fragment of the tomb slab of the foundress of Rijnsburg Abbey it would presumably have been placed in the choir
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks The fragment is now situated in the local church of Rijnsburg where the abbey church once stood
Memorial piece
Function
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function liturgical/religious; no information on possible other functions
Grave findings
Additional remarks No information is available about possible other functions, because the object is too damaged or no photograph is available.
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Petronella (of Saxony?)
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [3650] Petronella (of Saxony?) (female)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons no relation (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification hardstone
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 48 x 71 x 0
Completeness Fragment of a tomb slab
Condition Worn, but reasonable considering its likely age
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance Rijnsburg, Rijnsburg Abbey; Rijnsburg, Grote- of Laurentiuskerk
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Bloys van Treslong Prins, P.C., Genealogische en heraldische gedenkwaardigheden in en uit de kerken der provincie Zuid-Holland, part IIb (Utrecht 1922), 437
  • Kuile, E.H. ter, De Nederlandsche monumenten van geschiedenis en kunst VII. De provincie Zuid-Holland, 1e stuk: Leiden en Westelijk Rijnland (The Hague 1944), 192
Other documentation
SKKN: inv. no. 3069-22 (2006)
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Tomb or floor slab (front) of [1595] Tomb slab of Petronella (of Saxony?) (fragment(s))

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Short description
Short description Fragment of a stone tomb slab with a woman's head and the name Petronella
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 48 x 71 x 0
Date
Year 1132
Specified date 1132/??/??
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
  • date of death given on the object
Specification A now all but illegible date inscribed on the right near the figure's chin
Additional remarks The slab has been dated stylistically to 1200-1250 by the SKKN
Holding institution
Holding institution Rijnsburg, Grote- of Laurentiuskerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The fragment is located in the choir ambulatory
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait underneath an arch
Portrait of
Name Petronella (of Saxony?)
Sex female
Argumentation
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person cannot be determined
Argumentation
Specification
Posture uncertain/cannot be determined
Manner of portrayal
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description A (nun's?) veil
Attributes
Attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription on the arcade to the left of the face with the date on the right near the figure's chin
Language(s)
Languages
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription [...] Petronella [anno 1132 ...??].
Translation
English translation [...] Petronella [in the year 1132 ...??].
Dutch translation
Lay–out
Lay-out Incised Roman majuscules
Inscription mentioning
Name [3650] Petronella (of Saxony?) (female)
Sex female
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The year is based on the literature and far from certain

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 3650
Personal details
Name Petronella (of Saxony?)
Sex female
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks Only the name Petronella can still be (partly) read on this fragment; the recorded date 'anno 1132' is uncertain. Perhaps this is a fragment of the tomb monument of Petronella (or Petronilla) of Saxony, who founded Rijnsburg Abbey in 1133. Originally named Gertrude, she was a daughter of Theodoric II, Duke of Lorraine, and Hedwig of Formbach. Born around 1082, she married Floris II, Count of Holland, in or around 1113. Together they had four children, three sons and a daughter named Hedwig. Petronella was buried at Rijnsburg Abbey after her death in 1144. See also http://www.historici.nl/Onderzoek/Projecten/DVN/lemmata/data/Petronilla%20van%20Saksen
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
  • identification of the person (portrayed, mentioned in text or owning the coat of arms)
  • according to literature
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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