Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Floor slab of Gerardus Agricola

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 161
Name Floor slab of Gerardus Agricola
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Franeker, Martinikerk
Category
Type Tomb monument, tomb slab or floor slab (physical object)
Classification Tomb slab or floor slab
Short description Stone slab with a heraldic shield inside a rectangular architectural framework surrounded by putti, herms and caryatids, an arch above, a text field below, an inscription along the edge, and quatrefoils with the Ages of Man in the corners
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1550-1575
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Vincent Lucas
Original institution(s)
Original institution [44] St. Martinikerk (St Martin's Church), Franeker
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification Gerardus Agricola is known to have been buried in this church
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? no
(Probable) original location
  • in the church/chapel (exact location unknown)
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function liturgical/religious, didactic and historical/political
Grave findings
Additional remarks • Inscription and/or decoration with a didactic statement, usually with references to the mortality of mankind/variations on ‘Remember that you will die’. • The inscription refers to historical fact(s), to one or more donations or foundations by the commemorated party.
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Gerardus Agricola
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [168] Gerardus Agricola (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons not applicable (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification blue limestone
Traces of polychromy? Parts of the inscription along the edge and three of the Ages of Man are painted black. Unclear whether this is original polychromy or whether the paint was added later in order to increase the visibility of worn parts.
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 242 x 136 x 18
Completeness Complete
Condition Good. Some of the corners are slightly damaged.
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Broekhoven, Sabine; Ginkel-Meester, Saskia van; Stenvert, Ronald; Kolman, Chris, Monumenten in Nederland, Fryslân, Friesland (Zeist/Zwolle 2000), 134
  • Cannegieter, Dominicus, Grafsteenen, lijkgedichten, gedenkteekenen en wapenborden in de Sint Martinikerk te Franeker, http://www.mpaginae.nl/Franeker/Cannegieter.htm; A 31
  • Heerma van Voss, A.L., De opgezette grafzerken in de Martinikerk te Franeker, De vrije Fries 40 (1950), 19-34, 30; no. 15
  • Leeman, Fred; Vos, Rik, Het nieuwe ornament ('s Gravenhage 1986), 140
  • Ligtenberg, Raphael, Grafzerken der XVIe eeuw in Friesland ( 1915), 14
  • Vos, Rik, Grafzerken in Friesland, Monumenten 15 (1994), 16-19, 17-18
  • Walle, Hessel de, Friezen uit vroeger eeuwen; Opschriften uit Friesland, 1280-1811 (Franeker 2007), 252; no. 1699
  • Zandveld, Frits, Register van grafzerken in de Martinikerk te Franeker, http://members.home.nl/frits.zandveld/zerken/zplatte.htm; no. 117
Other documentation
Register of G. van der Heide (1993): record 117
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The Fries Museum in Leeuwarden is in possession of a drawing of the slab

Tomb or floor slab (front) of [161] Floor slab of Gerardus Agricola

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Short description
Short description Stone slab with a heraldic shield inside a rectangular architectural framework surrounded by putti, herms and caryatids, an arch above, a text field below, an inscription along the edge, and quatrefoils with the Ages of Man in the corners
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 242 x 136 x 18
Date
Year 1555
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date given on the object (not date of death)
Specification At the top of the slab: 'Vincent 1555 Lucas'
Additional remarks The slab was made more than forty years prior Gerardus Agricola's death
Holding institution
Holding institution Franeker, Martinikerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The slab is located in the ambulatory, placed vertically against the southeastern wall, near column 14 (groundplan Cannegieter and Zandveld)
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Vincent Lucas
Attribution
  • signature
Specification At the top of the slab: 'Vincent 1555 Lucas'
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the centre, inside a rectangular architectural framework
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Marshalled arms (2 coats of arms in one shield per pale or per fess)
Specification
Shape of the shield Late renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield per pale, I: the Friesian eagle; II: per fess, A: a planted tree; B: an acorn on a twig (gedeeld, I: de Friese adelaar; II: doorsneden, A: een geplante boom; B: een eikel aan een takje)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
  • Other (guige or band, tree, branch)
Specification Suspended from a ring by a ribbon
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Agricola
Person details
Person details
  • [168] Gerardus Agricola (male)
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription along all four edges of the slab
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Anno millesimo quingentesimo nonagesimo octavo decimo quinto Kalendas Octobris obiit in Christo venerabilis vir, dominus Gerardus Agricola, ultimus prior Clari Campi.
Translation
English translation In the year 1598 on the 15th [day before] the calends of October died in Christ the venerable man, sir Gerardus Agricola, the last prior of Klaarkamp [Abbey].
Dutch translation In het jaar 1598 op de 15de [dag vóór] de calendae van oktober is in Christus gestorven de eerbiedwaardige man, heer Gerardus Agricola, de laatste prior van [abdij] Klaarkamp.
Lay–out
Lay-out Raised Roman majuscules
Inscription mentioning
Name [168] Gerardus Agricola (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The 15th day before the calends of October is on September 17
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription text field at the bottom of the slab
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Orborum pater et lingua qui doctus utraque / hic iacet Agricola, qui fuit ante prior. / Quam bene conveniunt. Prior hic sibi parta reliquit / orbis, in Claarcamp qui fuit ante prior.
Translation
English translation Here lies Agricola, father of the orphans and learned in both [classical] languages, who used to be prior. How well does this fit together. He who used to be prior in Klaarkamp, has left to the orphans the goods he has acquired here.
Dutch translation Hier ligt Agricola, vader van de wezen en geleerd in beide [klassieke] talen. Hoe goed past dit bij elkaar. De prior heeft wat hij hier verworven had nagelaten aan de wezen, hij die tevoren in Klaarkamp prior was.
Lay–out
Lay-out Raised Italic type?
Inscription mentioning
Name [168] Gerardus Agricola (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks This inscription refers to Gerardus Agricola's foundation of the 'Klaarkampster' or 'Blauw Weeshuis', an orphanage in Franeker named after the abbey where Agricola had served as prior. The tekst is in distichs

Decorations

Indication of part
Indication of the part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • angels, putti or cherubs
  • fruit
  • mask(s)
  • animals (pets/other)
  • mythical figures and/or creatures
  • architectural decorations
  • allegorical figures
  • scrollwork and/or strapwork
  • garland(s)
  • flowers/plants
  • draperies
  • human figures (incl. skeletons and skulls)
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) The Ages of Man inside quatrefoils in the corners, with a skull in the lower right corner
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 168
Personal details
Name Gerardus Agricola
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1598/09/17
Additional remarks Born near Salverd as Gerrit Luytzenzn, a son of Luytzen Jarichzn and Aaltgie Thomasdr. In 1574 he became prior of Klaarkamp Abbey near Rinsumageest, and took on the name Gerardus Agricola, being a representative of the agrarian order. Due to the suppression of the Catholic faith he settled in Franeker. He spent all his possessions in the foundation of an orphanage named the 'Klaarkampster' or 'Blauw Weeshuis' in Franeker (1597). The orphanage cared for Gerardus Agricola until his death. His body was transferred from the orphanage to the Martinikerk (St Martin's Church). A memorial tablet on the façade of the former orphanage still commemorates its founder.
Social standing
Status member of a convent/religious order
Arguments
  • mentioned in the inscription
Specification last prior of Klaarkamp Abbey (Monasterium beate Maria de Claro Campo)
Member of a convent
Religious order Cistercian
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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