Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Memorial cross of Johan Luekens

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 1628
Name Memorial cross of Johan Luekens
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
Category
Type Tomb monument, tomb slab or floor slab (physical object)
Classification Cross
Short description Stone cross with heraldry and an inscription
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1474-1525
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [57] St. Nicolaaskerk (St Nicholas's Church), Wesepe
Arguments
Specification The cross is situated in the Wesepe area and so was most likely situated originally in the local churchyard
Still in original institution?
Location inside the institution
In situ? probably yes
(Probable) original location
  • in the cemetery
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function liturgical/religious and historical/political
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function This type of cross (a so-called 'zoenkruis' or expiation cross) was intended to reconcile murderer and victim (Johan Luekens); and to commemorate the latter
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Johan Luekens
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [3689] Johan Luekens (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons no relation (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks The commissioner might have been Johan Luekens's murderer
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth
Completeness
Condition
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Olde Meierink, B.; Kolman, Chris; Stenvert, Ronald, Monumenten in Nederland, Overijssel (Zwolle/Zeist 1998), 273
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Cross (front) of [1628] Memorial cross of Johan Luekens

Indication of part
Indication of part Cross (front)
Short description
Short description Stone cross with heraldry and an inscription
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth
Date
Year 1493
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date of death given on the object
  • date of death (from other sources)
Specification The deceased died on Thursday after the feast of St Michael (i.e. Michaelmas = 29 September)
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The cross is located to the west of Wesepe, near a group of houses called Eikelhof, at a farm named Voetdijk
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Cross (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the centre of the cross
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield worn away (afgesleten)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Johan Luekens
Person details
Person details
  • [3689] Johan Luekens (male)
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Cross (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription on the arms and the lower part of the cross
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Int jaer unses Heren MCCCC ende XCIII, de dondredagh na Sinte Michiel dache, doe staerf hier Johan Luekens. Bid vor die sele.
Translation
English translation In the year of our Lord 1493, on the Thursday after Michaelmas, died here Johan Luekens. Pray for the soul.
Dutch translation
Lay–out
Lay-out Incised Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Name [3689] Johan Luekens (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 3689
Personal details
Name Johan Luekens
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1493
Additional remarks Johan Luekens was murdered. The cross was placed at the location of the assassination.
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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