Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Floor slab of Juw van Botnia and Foockel van Hottinga

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 166
Name Floor slab of Juw van Botnia and Foockel van Hottinga
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Franeker, Martinikerk
Category
Type Tomb monument, tomb slab or floor slab (physical object)
Classification Tomb slab or floor slab
Short description Stone slab with damaged allied arms held by human figures under a double arch, a cartouche with inscription below, an inscription along the edge, and quatrefoils with allied arms in the corners
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1525-1550
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Benedictus Gerbrants
Original institution(s)
Original institution [44] St. Martinikerk (St Martin's Church), Franeker
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification The couple lived in Franeker
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ?
(Probable) original location
  • in the church/chapel (exact location unknown)
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location) A son of the couple, Douwe, was buried in the church as well
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function liturgical/religious, social, didactic and historical/political
Grave findings
Additional remarks • Commemorated on the object are a married couple, (members of) a nuclear family or (members of) an extended family: see Commemorated party. • Inscription(s) and/or decoration(s) with a didactic statement, usually with references to the mortality of mankind / variations on ‘Remember that you will die’. • The inscription refers to historical fact(s), i.e. commemorating a pilgrimage.
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Julius van Botnya (Juw van Botnia) and Fokel (Foockel) van Hottinga
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [176] Julius van Botnya (Juw van Botnia) (male)
  • [177] Fokel (Foockel) van Hottinga (female)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons married couple
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification blue limestone
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 286 x 172 x 0
Completeness Complete
Condition Little wear but several breaks
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Cannegieter, Dominicus, Grafsteenen, lijkgedichten, gedenkteekenen en wapenborden in de Sint Martinikerk te Franeker, http://www.mpaginae.nl/Franeker/Cannegieter.htm; no. 321
  • Holterman, Bart, Representations of Jerusalem pilgrims, http://staticweb.hum.uu.nl/memo/jerusalem/pages/graves.html
  • Vos, Rik; Leeman, Fred, Het nieuwe ornament ('s Gravenhage 1986), 140
  • Vries, O., De Heeren van den Raede. Biografieën en groepsportret van de raadsheren van het Hof van Friesland, 1499-1811 (Hilversum 1999), 211-212; no. 49
  • Walle, Hessel de, Friezen uit vroeger eeuwen; Opschriften uit Friesland, 1280-1811 (Franeker 2007), 243; no. 1649
  • Wierstra, Simon, Genealogische bestanden van de oude Friese adel en aanverwante families tot 1800, http://www.simonwierstra.nl/index6.htm
  • Zandveld, Frits, Register van grafzerken in de Martinikerk te Franeker, http://members.home.nl/frits.zandveld/zerken/zplatte.htm; no. 321
Other documentation
Register of G. van der Heide (1993): record 321
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Tomb or floor slab (front) of [166] Floor slab of Juw van Botnia and Foockel van Hottinga

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Short description
Short description Stone slab with damaged allied arms held by human figures under a double arch, a cartouche with inscription below, an inscription along the edge, and quatrefoils with allied arms in the corners
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 286 x 172 x 0
Date
Year 1539
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date given on the object (not date of death)
Specification At the top of the slab: 'I.B. 1539 G.'
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Franeker, Martinikerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The slab is located in the choir, near columns 19 and 20 (groundplan Cannegieter and Zandveld)
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Benedictus Gerbrants
Attribution
  • signature
Specification At the top of the slab: 'I.B. 1539 G.'
Assignment
Role not specified
Specification
Additional remarks According to Zandveld: Idzer Benedictus Gerbrantsz.
Filiation
Filiation The floor slab is stylistically similar to the slab of Juw's cousin Tjalling, with whom he went on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, see MeMO Memorial Object 157
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the centre, on the left
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Allied arms (2 coats of arms in 2 shields, respecting each other)
Specification
Shape of the shield
Specification
Description of the shield Damaged. Originally: a contourny bowed and armoured arm holding an upright sword (Beschadigd. Oorspronkelijk: een omgewende gebogen en geharnaste arm die een rechtsopstaande zwaard vasthoudt)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling) Crest: the contourny arm and sword of the arms (Helmteken: de omgewende arm en zwaard uit het schild)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
  • One or two human figures
Specification Damaged. Originally a male figure
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Botnia
Person details
Person details
  • [176] Julius van Botnya (Juw van Botnia) (male)
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the centre, on the right
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Allied arms (2 coats of arms in 2 shields, respecting each other)
Specification
Shape of the shield
Specification
Description of the shield Damaged. Originally: per pale, I: the Friesian eagle; II: per fess, A: a decrescent, to the sinister two stars in pale; B: three scallop shells, 2-1 (Beschadigd. Oorspronkelijk: gedeeld, I: de Friese adelaar; II: doorsneden, A: een omgewende wassenaar links vergezeld van twee sterren boven elkaar; B: drie St. Jacobsschelpen, 2-1)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
  • One or two human figures
Specification Damaged. Originally a female figure
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Hottinga
Person details
Person details
  • [177] Fokel (Foockel) van Hottinga (female)
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry upper left corner, left shield
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Allied arms (2 coats of arms in 2 shields, respecting each other)
Specification
Shape of the shield Late renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield a contourny bowed and armoured arm holding an upright sword (een omgewende gebogen en geharnaste arm die een rechtsopstaande zwaard vasthoudt)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Botnia
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry upper left corner, right shield
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Allied arms (2 coats of arms in 2 shields, respecting each other)
Specification
Shape of the shield Late renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield a lion (een leeuw)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Juwsma
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry lower left corner, left shield
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Allied arms (2 coats of arms in 2 shields, respecting each other)
Specification
Shape of the shield Late renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield per pale, I: the Friesian eagle; II: per fess, A: a decrescent, to the sinister two stars in pale; B: three scallop shells, 2-1 (gedeeld, I: de Friese adelaar; II: doorsneden, A: een omgewende wassenaar links vergezeld van twee sterren boven elkaar; B: drie St. Jacobsschelpen, 2-1)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Hottinga
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry lower left corner, right shield
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Allied arms (2 coats of arms in 2 shields, respecting each other)
Specification
Shape of the shield Late renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield per pale, I: the Friesian eagle; II: a decrescent (gedeeld, I: de Friese adelaar; II: een omgewende wassenaar)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Unia
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry upper right corner, left shield
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Allied arms (2 coats of arms in 2 shields, respecting each other)
Specification
Shape of the shield Late renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield an eagle, on the chest an inescutcheon with a [?] (een adelaar met op de borst een hartschild beladen met een [?])
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Eysinga
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry upper right corner, right shield
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Allied arms (2 coats of arms in 2 shields, respecting each other)
Specification
Shape of the shield Late renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield per pale, I: the Friesian eagle; II: a six-pointed star (gedeeld, I: de Friese adelaar; II: een zespuntige ster)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Sibarda
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry lower right corner, left shield
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Allied arms (2 coats of arms in 2 shields, respecting each other)
Specification
Shape of the shield Late renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield a lion (een leeuw)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Sjaerdema
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry lower right corner, right shield
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Allied arms (2 coats of arms in 2 shields, respecting each other)
Specification
Shape of the shield Late renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield a double-headed eagle, in chief three six-pointed stars in fess (een dubbelkoppige adelaar en in een schildhoofd drie zespuntige sterren naast elkaar)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Amama
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry below the left arch
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Heraldry of corporations (cities, guilds, confraternities, companies)
Specification
Shape of the shield Late renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield non heraldry: a Jerusalem Cross (geen heraldiek: een Jeruzalemkruis)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Juw van Botnia had made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry below the right arch
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Heraldry of corporations (cities, guilds, confraternities, companies)
Specification
Shape of the shield Late renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield non heraldry: two crossed palm branches (geen heraldiek: twee gekruiste Jeruzalemveren)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Juw van Botnia had made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription in a cartouche in the lower section of the slab
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Ps. 142. Non intres in iudicium cum servo tuo, quia non iustificabitur in conspectu tuo omnis vivens.
Translation
English translation Ps. 142. Enter not into judgment with thy servant; for no man living is righteous before thee [RSVCE]
Dutch translation Ps. 142. Daag uw dienaar niet voor het gerecht, voor u is geen sterveling onschuldig. [NBV]
Lay–out
Lay-out Raised Roman majuscules
Inscription mentioning
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Psalms 142: 2
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription along all four edges of the slab
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Int jaer ons heren MVc ende XXXVIII, den XIII dach maij, sterf den gestrengen erentvesten heeren Julius van Botnya, R[idder] ende R[aet] K[eiserlijcke] M[ajesteit]. Anno 1546, den 23 martij, sterf d'eerbare vrow Fokel, Botnya sijn wijf.
Translation
English translation In the year of Our Lord 1538, the 13th day of May, died the distinguished, venerable lord Juw van Botnia, knight and councillor of the Imperial Majesty. In the year 1546, on the 23rd of March, died the honourable woman Foockel, Botnia his wife.
Dutch translation
Lay–out
Lay-out Raised Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Name [5622] Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is used as a reference
Name [176] Julius van Botnya (Juw van Botnia) (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Name [177] Fokel (Foockel) van Hottinga (female)
Sex female
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Decorations

Indication of part
Indication of the part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • flowers/plants
  • human figures (incl. skeletons and skulls)
  • scrollwork and/or strapwork
  • architectural decorations
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s)
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The Jerusalem cross and palm branches (see also 'Heraldry') indicate that Juw van Botnia had made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 176
Personal details
Name Julius van Botnya (Juw van Botnia)
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1538/05/13
Additional remarks Son of Fecke van Botnia and Ayl van Juwsma. Juw was married to Foockel van Hottinga. The couple had three children: Douwe (Dominicus), Fecke (Frederick) and Juw (Julius). They lived in the Groot-Botniahuis (Great House of Botnia) in Franeker. Juw owned property in Marrum and Hallum. In 1517, Juw went on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land together with his cousin Tjalling van Botnia and Hessel van Martena.
Social standing
Status nobility and patriciate
Arguments
  • identification of the person (portrayed, mentioned in text or owning the coat of arms)
  • mentioned in the inscription
Specification included in a list of Frisian noblemen (1505/01/05); chieftain ('hoofdeling') in Marrum (1491); mayor ('grietman') of Ferweradeel (mentioned 1510, 1514, 1517 and 1524); dike reeve of Ferweradeel; councillor at the Frisian Court (1521-1527); councillor extraordinary at the Frisian Court (1527-1538)
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The Fries Museum, Leeuwarden, owned a silver family cup which was engraved with the date of death of Juw, the date of birth of a grandson who was named after him (1540/04/23) and the year of death of son Douwe (1542).
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 177
Personal details
Name Fokel (Foockel) van Hottinga
Sex female
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1546/03/23
Additional remarks Daughter of Juw (Julius) van Hottinga and His Keimpes van Unia. Foockel was married to Juw (Julius) van Botnia. The couple had three children: Douwe (Dominicus), Fecke (Frederick) and Juw (Julius). They lived in the Groot-Botniahuis (Great House of Botnia) in Franeker.
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
  • according to literature
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 5622
Personal details
Name Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
Sex male
Year/date of birth 1500/02/24
Year/date of death 1558/09/21
Additional remarks Descendant of the House of Habsburg. Eldest son of Philip the Fair and Joanna the Mad. He married his first cousin Isabella of Portugal on 10 March 1526.
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
  • according to literature
Specification Duke of Burgundy, Lord of the Netherlands (1506-1556, since 1543 of all regions, including Friesland since 1524); Count Palatine of Burgundy (1506-1555); King of Spain (1516-1556); King of Italy (1519-1556); Holy Roman Emperor (1519-1556).
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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