Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Chapter

St. Pieterskerk (Pieterskerk) in Utrecht, Utrecht, NL

MeMO institution ID and name
MeMO institution ID 19
Name (Dutch) St. Pieterskerk (Pieterskerk)
Name (English) St Peter's Church
Patron saint(s)
  • Peter
Additional remarks
Location (according to current geography)
Province Utrecht, NL - Netherlands
Settlement Utrecht
Coordinates 137/456
Diocese before 1559 Utrecht
Diocese after 1559 Utrecht
Parish Utrecht
Date of foundation 1048
Type of chapter independent
Founder(s) or main benefactor(s) Bishop Bernold/Bernulph
Number of prebends 30
Phases in the institutional history Provost, dean and/or canons of St Peter's Church possessed a great number of parishes across the diocese. The provost functioned as archdeacon for the Veluwe region. The chapter participated in the rule of the bishop as secular lord of Sticht.
Date of transition (to secular management)
Date of dissolution 1811
Additional remarks St Peter's Collegiate Church was the eastern of the so-called Utrecht churches' cross. Like the other Utrecht Chapters, St Peter's Church was not dissolved at the introduction of the Reformation in 1580, but continued its existence until 1811. For details see St Martin's Church.
Extant memorial objects and/or texts concerning memoria
Memorial objects
Text carriers
Type of extant material institution archive/archival material
Storage
Short description of the material Archives 1119-1818. Access nr. 220.
Holding institution(s)
Name Het Utrechts Archief
Settlement Utrecht, Utrecht, NL
Website
Additional remarks
  • Akerlaken Jr., A.M., Korte beschrijving van de Pieterskerk te Utrecht naar geschiedkundige, bouwkundige en andere gegevens ( Utrecht 1934)
  • Els, A.M.J. van, De romaanse reliëfs in de Pieterskerk te Utrecht, Jaarboek voor middeleeuwse geschiedenis 6 (2003), 49-111, 49-111
  • Groot, Arie de; Bogaers, L.C.J.J., Van anonieme graven tot persoonsgebonden grafmonumenten: zeven eeuwen grafcultuur in de Utrechtse Pieterskerk, Trajecta: tijdschrift voor de geschiedenis van het katholiek leven in de Nederlanden 11 (2002), 211-243, 211-243
  • Hoekstra], T.J. , De Utrechtse Pieterskerk ( Utrecht 1993)
  • Hoekstra], T.J. , St Peters church Utrecht ( Utrecht 1993)
  • Hoven van Genderen van den, Bram, Het kapittel-generaal en de Staten van het Nedersticht in de vijftiende eeuw (Zutphen 1987)
  • Joosting & Muller Hzn., J.G.C.& S., Bronnen voor de geschiedenis der kerkelijke rechtspraak in het bisdom Utrecht in de Middeleeuwen. I: S. Muller Hzn, De indeeling van het bisdom (The Hague 1915), 371
  • Kuys, J., Kerkelijke organisatie in het middeleeuwse bisdom Utrecht (Nijmegen 2004), 278
  • Muller Fz., S., Regesten van het kapittel van St. Pieter (The Hague 1891)
  • Temminck Groll, C.L., De St.-Pieterskerk te Utrecht, Bulletin: Koninklijke Nederlandse Oudheidkundige Bond (KNOB) 81 (1982), 75-118
  • Vliet, Kaj van, In kringen van kanunniken. Munsters en kapittels in het bisdom Utrecht 695-1227 (Zutphen 2002)
Links

Building history

General date of construction 1000-1100
Church or chapel(s)
Name St Peter's Church, Utrecht
Date of foundation 1046
Date of consecration 1048
Short history of the building stages <1100: St Peter's Church is one out of a few churches in the Netherlands with such distinctive remnants of the eleventh century (most distinctive sandstone pillars and crypt). 1076, 1148, 1279 and 1674: Renovation of the church after damage. Numerous renovations were made: transept and choir in the thirteenth century. <1400: Construction of the Nicholas's Chapel or 'Dean's Chapel' as a replacement of one of the choir chapels. 1500: Construction of St Petronilla's chapel (nowadays consistory; 1638). 1674: The hurricane which cost St Martin's Church (Domkerk) its nave, also devastated the two west towers of St Peter's Church. 1677: Renovation of the western façade of the ambulatory.. 1677: Construction of a roof-turret as a replacement of the demolished (western) tower. 1953 - 1958 en and 1963-1970: Restoration.
Additional remarks Part of the inventory are numerous wall paintings from the twelfth century onwards (chapels, choir, transept). Also several painted tombs are part of the inventory, just as a Romanesque baptismal font, a seventeenth century pulpit and a church organ (1968). Four interesting twelfth century sandstone reliefs were rediscovered in 1656 (restoration): Christ in front of Pilatus, the crucifixion and the resurrection (traces of polychromy). Bishop Bernold/Bernulph's tombs is part of the inventory.
Burial ground
Location Church and churchyard
Date of consecration
Date of clearance
Extant building remnants
Demolition
Additional remarks
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