Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Sarcophagus lid or floor slab of Eppo (Epposteen)

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 213
Name Sarcophagus lid or floor slab of Eppo (Epposteen)
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Leeuwarden, Fries Museum
Category
Type Tomb monument, tomb slab or floor slab (physical object)
Classification Tomb slab or floor slab
Short description Tapered stone lid/slab with a male effigy in a Gothic niche, and an inscription along the edge
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1325-1350
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [173] St. Alexanderkerk (St Alexander's Church), Rinsumageest
Arguments
  • based on research (literature, archival or archaeological research)
Specification The lid/slab was bricked up in a wall of the church and discovered in the mid-19th century
Still in original institution? no
Location inside the institution
In situ? no
(Probable) original location
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function liturgical/religious
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function Either a sarcophagus lid or a floor slab
Change in function Used as wall filling
Remarks about function
Name Eppo
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [239] Eppo (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons no relation (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks The inscription suggests that Eppo's parents commissioned the object
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification red sandstone
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 218 x 85 x 10
Completeness
Condition
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks Width: 85 cm at the top, 66 cm at the bottom
Provenance
Provenance donated to the Fries Genootschap by the church wardens of Rinsumageest, 1880; housed in the Fries Museum in Leeuwarden
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Berg, Herma van den, De Nederlandse Monumenten van Geschiedenis en Kunst, De provincie Friesland, Noordelijk Oostergo, Dantumadeel (’s Gravenhage 1984), 133-134, 162
  • Bremmer jr., R.H., Hir is eskriven. Lezen en schrijven in de Friese landen rond 1300 (Hilversum and Leeuwarden 2004), 33-35
  • Post, J.; Mol, Hans, De Epposteen van Rinsumageest, Bulletin van de Koninklijke Nederlandse Oudheidkundige Bond 103 (2004), 109-121, 109-121
  • Walle, Hessel de, Friezen uit vroeger eeuwen; Opschriften uit Friesland, 1280-1811 (Franeker 2007), 763; no. 5608
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The object is also known as 'Epposteen' (Stone of Eppo)

Tomb or floor slab (front) of [213] Sarcophagus lid or floor slab of Eppo (Epposteen)

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Short description
Short description Tapered stone lid/slab with a male effigy in a Gothic niche, and an inscription along the edge
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 218 x 85 x 10
Date
Year 1341
Specified date 1341/10/28
Argumentation
  • date of death given on the object
Specification
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Leeuwarden, Fries Museum
Collection
Collection identifier B01028
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait in a Gothic niche in the centre
Portrait of
Name Eppo
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture standing
Manner of portrayal left hand on his chest, right hand holding a spear
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description
Attributes
Attributes
  • text carrier (e.g. books)
  • utensils
Specification a spear in his right hand; a knife, a pouch (in which a writing tablet?) and a purse hanging from his belt; an ink and pencil box hanging from his left hip?
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription along all four edges
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Anno Domini MCCCXLI Simonis et Jude thanatos. - En nobis ereptus iuvenis sociabilis Eppo. / Cognatos fovit de dictis ut bene novit. / Ergo quisquis transis obvium, m[emento in precibus tuis]. / Athigart, Hacira sibique fuere parentes, / Hesselius frater, Sidachus Sicoque gemellus.
Translation
English translation In the year of the Lord 1341, [on the day of] the death of Simon and Judas. - Look, the amiable youth Eppo has been snatched away from us. He fostered his fellow men according to the words that he knew well. So you who goes by him, remember him in your prayers. Athigart [and] Hacira were his parents, Hessel his brother, and Sydse [alias] Sicco his twin brother.
Dutch translation In het jaar des Heren 1341, [op de dag van] de dood van Simon en Judas. - Kijk, de beminnelijke jongeling Eppo is ons ontrukt. Hij had zijn naastbestaanden lief, volgens de geboden zoals hij die goed kende. Gij die voorbijgaat, gedenk hem in uw gebeden. Athigart [en] Hacira waren zijn ouders, Hessel zijn broeder, en Sydse [genaamd] Sicco zijn tweelingbroer.
Lay–out
Lay-out Gothic textualis (Lombardic)
Inscription mentioning
Name [239] Eppo (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The feast of Simon and Judas is celebrated on October 28

Decorations

Indication of part
Indication of the part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • flowers/plants
  • architectural decorations
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) A Gothic niche with foliage in the spandrels
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 239
Personal details
Name Eppo
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1341/10/28
Additional remarks Son of Athigart and Hacira, brother of Hessel, and twin brother of Sydse alias Sicco. Eppo was probably a member of the Van Tjaerda family, who owned Tjaerdastate, an estate in Rinsumageest .
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
  • according to literature
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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