Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Sarcophagus lid of unknown person(s); floor slab of Matthias Eelbing

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 214
Name Sarcophagus lid of unknown person(s); floor slab of Matthias Eelbing
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Janum, Kerkmuseum Janum
Category
Type Tomb monument, tomb slab or floor slab (physical object)
Classification Sarcophagus (lid)
Short description Stone lid/slab with a cross staff flanked by two crosiers, four Greek crosses on the sides, and zigzag lines at the top and bottom; an inscription at the top, and a central niche in which a chalice and host (all added later)
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1050-1100
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [646] St. Nicolaaskerk (St Nicholas' Church), Hijum
Arguments
  • based on research (literature, archival or archaeological research)
Specification
Still in original institution? no
Location inside the institution
In situ?
(Probable) original location
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function liturgical/religious
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function sarcophagus lid (based on the tapered shape and the decorations)
Change in function floor slab
Remarks about function
Name Matthias Eelbing
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [361] Matthias Eelbing (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons
Relation specification
Additional remarks The original commemorated party - for whom the sarcophagus lid was made - is unknown
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification red sandstone
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 227 x 68 x 0
Completeness Incomplete: small parts missing from all edges
Condition In reasonable condition. A break across the width of the lid/slab.
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
  • decoration(s) removed
  • inscription(s) added
  • decoration(s) added
Specification Additions made when the sarcophagus lid was altered into a floor slab (16th c.): a central niche in which a chalice and host, and an inscription at the top. The latter was at the expense of the tops of the staves.
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • , Kerkmuseum Janum. Uithof van het Fries Museum. (Leeuwarden 1969), 17; no. 13
  • Martin, H., Vroeg-middeleeuwse zandstenen sarcophagen in Frieland en elders in Nederland (Drachten 1957), 67; no. 61; figure 61
  • Roemeling, O.D.J., Heiligen en Heren. Studies over het parochiewezen in het Noorden van Nederland vóór 1600 (Leeuwarden 2013); Appx. 1, p. 472
  • Steensma, Regnerus, De iconografie van de laatmiddeleeuwse Friese priesterzerken, De vrije Fries 88 (2008), 65-86, 69
  • Walle, Hessel de, Friezen uit vroeger eeuwen; Opschriften uit Friesland, 1280-1811 (Franeker 2007), 417
  • Waslander, Christine; Homan, Peter, Dekselse graven. Noordnederlandse grafsculptuur in de elfde en twaalfde eeuw (Meppel 1991)
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Information and photographs provided by Christine Waslander and Peter Homan (inv. no. II 34)

Sarcophagus (lid) of [214] Sarcophagus lid of unknown person(s); floor slab of Matthias Eelbing

Indication of part
Indication of part Sarcophagus (lid)
Short description
Short description Stone lid/slab with a cross staff flanked by two crosiers, four Greek crosses on the sides, and zigzag lines at the top and bottom; an inscription at the top, and a central niche in which a chalice and host (all added later)
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 227 x 68 x 0
Date
Year 1050-1100
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
Specification
Additional remarks date of reuse: ca. 1524
Holding institution
Holding institution Janum, Kerkmuseum Janum
Collection
Collection identifier 13
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections Leeuwarden, Fries Museum
Alternative of previous identifiers 1028 B
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The museum in Janum used to be an outbuilding ('uithof') of the museum in Leeuwarden
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Sarcophagus (lid)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription at the top of the lid/slab
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Dominus Matthias Eelbing - 1524
Translation
English translation Sir Matthias Eelbing - 1524
Dutch translation Heer Matthias Eelbing - 1524
Lay–out
Lay-out Raised Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Name [361] Matthias Eelbing (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks This inscription was added later

Decorations

Indication of part
Indication of the part Sarcophagus (lid)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • chalice (and host)
  • geometric patterns
  • scrollwork and/or strapwork
  • religious attributes or symbols
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) Original decorations (11th c.): a cross staff flanked by two crosiers, four Greek crosses on the sides, and zigzag lines at the top and bottom. Added decorations (16th c.): a central niche in which scrolling and a chalice and host.
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 361
Personal details
Name Matthias Eelbing
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1524
Additional remarks
Social standing
Status secular clergy
Arguments
  • mentioned in the inscription
  • attribute of the portrayed/commemorated person (e.g. a priest's chalice)
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy (parish or chantry) priest
Specification parish priest, possibly in Hijum
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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