Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Sarcophagus of bishop Bernold

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 2565
Name Sarcophagus of bishop Bernold
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Utrecht, Pieterskerk
Category
Type Tomb monument, tomb slab or floor slab (physical object)
Classification Sarcophagus (lid)
Short description Slightly tapered red sandstone chest and blonde sandstone lid
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1025-1075
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [19] St. Pieterskerk (Pieterskerk) (St Peter's Church), Utrecht
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
  • based on research (literature, archival or archaeological research)
Specification The commemorated person was founder of this church
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? no
(Probable) original location
  • in the choir
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks The sarcophagus was originally located in the middle of the low chancel, in front of the high choir. The body of the bishop faced east.
Memorial piece
Function
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function liturgical/religious
Grave findings The sarcophagus was discovered in the low chancel of the church in 1656. It contained a purple episcopal vestment of satin damask, a gold ring, a crosier, a chalice, a paten and a lead plate inscribed with the name and date of death of the bishop. The ring, chalice and paten are in possession of Museum Catharijneconvent in Utrecht.
Additional remarks The lid of the sarcophagus originally functioned as floor slab, possibly protruding slightly above the ground
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name bishop Bernold
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [4975] bishop Bernold (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification red sandstone from the Vosges (chest); blonde sandstone (lid)
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 55 x 200 x 63
Completeness
Condition In reasonable condition. The sarcophagus is worn.
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks The sarcophagus weighs about 1300 kilos
Provenance
Provenance The sarcophagus was discovered in 1656 and then rediscovered in 1952, one meter below the ground surface of the low chancel. It contained a wooden box with the bishop's remains. The sarcophagus was moved to the crypt in 1952.
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Bogaers, L.C.J.J., Commemoration in a Utrecht collegiate church: burial and memorial culture in St. Peter's (1054-1784), in: Bueren, T. van; Leerdam, Andrea van, Care for the here and the hereafter: memoria, art and ritual in the Middle Ages (Turnhout 2005), , 193-195
  • Groot, Arie de; Bogaers, L.C.J.J., Van anonieme graven tot persoonsgebonden grafmonumenten: zeven eeuwen grafcultuur in de Utrechtse Pieterskerk, Trajecta: tijdschrift voor de geschiedenis van het katholiek leven in de Nederlanden 11 (2002), 211-243, 216-219
Other documentation
SKKN: inv. no. 972-24
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • Bernold was bishop of Utrecht (1027-1054) and founder of three Utrecht churches, including the St. Pieterskerk (consecrated in 1048). • In 1385-1386 the sarcophagus was surmounted by layers of brick and a slab. The latter showed two inscriptions, commemorating the bishop himself ('anno 1054 cuius anima requiescat' / in the year 1054, whose soul rests) and the four churches he founded ('SS Baptiste, Petro, Paulo, Lebuino' / SS John the Baptist, Paul, Peter [Utrecht], Lebuines [Deventer]). A gisant of the bishop was probably placed on the slab about a year later. None of these additions are preserved.

Sarcophagus (lid) of [2565] Sarcophagus of bishop Bernold

Indication of part
Indication of part Sarcophagus (lid)
Short description
Short description Slightly tapered red sandstone chest and blonde sandstone lid
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 55 x 200 x 63
Date
Year ca.1054
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date of death (from other sources)
Specification date of death of bishop Bernold
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Pieterskerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The sarcophagus is located in the crypt
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Decorations

Indication of part
Indication of the part Sarcophagus (lid)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • geometric patterns
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) simple geometric patterns inside the sarcophagus (drove work)
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 4975
Personal details
Name bishop Bernold
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1054/07/19
Additional remarks Also known as Bernoldus, Bernulf, Benno or Bernulphus. He is venerated as a saint. Founder of the following Utrecht religious institutions: St. Pieterskerk (St Peter's Church), St. Janskerk (St John the Baptist's Church) and the St. Paulusklooster (monastery of St Paul). He also founded the St. Lebuineskerk (St Lebuines' Church) in Deventer.
Social standing
Status secular clergy
Arguments
  • according to literature
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy bishop
Specification bishop of Utrecht, 1027-1054
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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