Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Floor slab of Ernst van Schayck

Add extra information

MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 2654
Name Floor slab of Ernst van Schayck
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Utrecht, Pieterskerk
Category
Type Tomb monument, tomb slab or floor slab (physical object)
Classification Tomb slab or floor slab
Short description Worn stone slab with two trumpet-blowing angels flanking a sword, two shields below and worn away inscription(s) and decorations
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1525-1550
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [19] St. Pieterskerk (Pieterskerk) (St Peter's Church), Utrecht
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification Ernst van Schayck was a chantry priest and canon at this church
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? yes
(Probable) original location
  • in the transept
  • near an altar
Argumentation mentioned by Buchelius
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location) The slab has always been located in the north transept, near the altar that was placed against the north wall
Additional remarks Ernst van Schayck had one or more stained-glass windows installed in the north transept (now missing). The memorial painting he commissioned may originally also have been located in the north transept. In records of 1565/1566, the north transept is referred to as the 'burial chapel of Van Schayck'
Memorial piece
Function
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function liturgical/religious and didactic
Grave findings
Additional remarks • Inscription and/or decoration with a didactic statement, usually with references to the mortality of mankind/variations on ‘Remember that you will die’. • No information is available about possible other functions, because the object is too damaged or no photograph is available.
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Ernst van Schayck
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [3155] Ernst van Schayck (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons not applicable (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name Ernst van Schayck
Composition of the commissioning party
  • single person
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
  • [3155] Ernst van Schayck (male)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party The commissioning party was the commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks The slab was completed in 1542, while Ernst van Schayk died in 1564
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification blue limestone
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth
Completeness Cannot be determined
Condition In poor condition. The slab is badly worn: the inscription(s) and most of the decorations are worn away.
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
  • inscription(s) added
  • heraldry added
Specification The slab was reused for Tyman Knijff (d. 1581): a heraldic shield added, and possibly an inscription as well
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Bogaers, L.C.J.J., Aards, betrokken en zelfbewust. De verwevenheid van cultuur en religie in katholiek Utrecht, 1300-1600 (Utrecht 2008), 906; no. 28
  • Bogaers, L.C.J.J., Commemoration in a Utrecht collegiate church: burial and memorial culture in St. Peter's (1054-1784), in: Bueren, T. van; Leerdam, Andrea van, Care for the here and the hereafter: memoria, art and ritual in the Middle Ages (Turnhout 2005), 191-219; 195, 203-205
  • Bogaers, L.C.J.J.; Groot, Arie de, Van anonieme graven tot persoonsgebonden grafmonumenten: zeven eeuwen grafcultuur in de Utrechtse Pieterskerk, Trajecta: tijdschrift voor de geschiedenis van het katholiek leven in de Nederlanden 11 (2002), 211-243; 220-221
  • Buchelius, A., Monumenta passim in templis ac monasteriis Traiectinae urbis atque agri inventa (Utrecht ), 69; fol. 37r
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The now worn away inscription of Ernst van Schayck was recorded by Buchelius in 1611. He also drew the heraldic shields of the Van Schayck and Knijff families. He mistook the latter shield for the shield of Sas, Ernst van Schayck's maternal family. Only the shield of Knijff can still be seen on the slab.

Tomb or floor slab (front) of [2654] Floor slab of Ernst van Schayck

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Short description
Short description Worn stone slab with two trumpet-blowing angels flanking a sword, two shields below and worn away inscription(s) and decorations
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth
Date
Year 1542
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification (One of) the inscription(s) used to read: "In the year of the Lord 1542, I, Ernst van Schayck, canon etc., have prepared this grave during my life [...]" (Buchelius 69, fol. 37r)
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Pieterskerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility The slab is largely hidden under pews
Remarks about holding institution The slab is located in the north transept
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry left-hand side of the slab, below the angels
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield
Specification
Description of the shield Worn away. Description of the shield based on Buchelius's drawing: three fleurs de lys around a ring (drie lelies rondom een ring)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Van Schayck
Person details
Person details
  • [3155] Ernst van Schayck (male)
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry right-hand side of the slab, below the angels
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield
Specification
Description of the shield two vertically embbattled chevrons (twee loodrecht gekanteelde kepers)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Knijff
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Buchelius mistook this shield for the shield of the Sas family

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription location on the slab unknown
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription
Translation
English translation
Dutch translation
Lay–out
Lay-out
Inscription mentioning
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Inscription(s) worn away. Inscription as given by Buchelius (p. 69, fol. 37r): "Anno Domini 1542 ego, Ernestus a Scayck, canonicus etc., mihi vivus tumulum praeparavi d. laeta c.e.b. febricente animam exhalavi anno '64, die 3 januarii" (English: In the year of the Lord 1542, I, canon Ernst van Schayck, canon etc., have prepared this grave during my life [?] suffering from fever I gave up the ghost on 3 January 1564 / Dutch: In het jaar des Heren 1542 heb ik, Ernst van Schayck, kanunnik enz., bij mijn leven mijn graf gereedgemaakt [?] aan koorts lijdend heb ik de geest gegeven op 3 januari 1564).

Decorations

Indication of part
Indication of the part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • angels, putti or cherubs
  • human figures (incl. skeletons and skulls)
  • weapons
  • musical instruments
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) • The trumpet-blowing angels that flank a sword are references to the Last Judgement. • Man pointing to a shield (worn away)
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Most of the Renaissance decorations have worn away

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 3155
Personal details
Name Ernst van Schayck
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1564/01/03
Additional remarks Son of Jan van Schayck and Hillegonde Sas. He was buried in the St. Pieterskerk (St Peter's Church) in Utrecht.
Social standing
Status secular clergy
Arguments
  • mentioned in the inscription
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy canon
Specification chantry priest (recorded in 1515) and canon (from 1528) at the St. Pieterskerk in Utrecht
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Medieval Memoria Online v1.1 — © 2019 Utrecht University