Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Chapter

St. Walburgiskerk (Walburgkerk) in Zutphen, Gelderland, NL

MeMO institution ID and name
MeMO institution ID 27
Name (Dutch) St. Walburgiskerk (Walburgkerk)
Name (English) St Walpurga's Church
Patron saint(s)
  • Our Lady
  • Walburga
Additional remarks Before 1105 St Peter was the patron saint.
Location (according to current geography)
Province Gelderland, NL - Netherlands
Settlement Zutphen
Coordinates 210/462D
Diocese before 1559 Utrecht
Diocese after 1559 Deventer
Parish Zutphen
Date of foundation <1064
Type of chapter residing in a parish church
Founder(s) or main benefactor(s) Lord of Zutphen, Bishop Bernold. Both bishop Bernold and the lord of Zutphen are mentioned as founders. It is likely that the St Walburg's Church was a proprietary church of the lord of Zutphen.
Number of prebends 12
Phases in the institutional history According to current understanding it is likely that at the current position of St Walpurga's church a collegiate church was founded in Zutphen, consecrated to St Peter. In the near vicinity, the remnants of the court of the lord of Zutphen have been discovered. After a fire in 1105 the church was consecrated to St Walpurga and Our Lady.
Date of transition (to secular management)
Date of dissolution 1591
Additional remarks The churches of Ellecom, Ruurlo and Lochem belonged to this collegiate church.
Extant memorial objects and/or texts concerning memoria
Memorial objects
Text carriers
Type of extant material extant manuscripts and printed books
Storage
Short description of the material The 'Librije', attached to St Walpurga's church, conserves an important collection of manuscripts and early printed books.
Holding institution(s)
Name Walburgiskerk (Walburgkerk)
Settlement Zutphen, Gelderland, NL
Website
Additional remarks
Type of extant material institution archive/archival material
Storage in one place
Short description of the material Regionaal Archief Zutphen: 0325. 19 described records.
Holding institution(s)
Name Regionaal Archief Zutphen
Settlement Zutphen, Gelderland, NL
Website
Additional remarks
  • Bary (ed.), Eugenius Hubertus, Lebuïnus en Walburgis bijeen : Deventer en Zutphen als historische centra van kerkelijk leven (Delft 2006)
  • Bastemeijer, Aad, De Sint-Walburgskerk te Zutphen: de zesde kerk van bisschop Bernold van Utrecht, Bijdragen en mededeelingen / Gelre, Vereeniging tot Beoefening van Geldersche Geschiedenis, Oudheidkunde en Recht 88 (1997), 6-38, 6-38
  • Blanc, P.M Le, De restauratie van de muur- en gewelfschilderingen in de St.-Walburgiskerk te Zutphen opnieuw bezien., Stichting Oude Gelderse Kerken 18 (1984), 151-172, 151-172
  • Bosheide, H. van, Gids Sint Walburgiskerk en Librije (Zutphen 2001)
  • Frijhoff, W.Th.M., Geschiedenis van Zutphen (Zutphen 1989)
  • Groothedde, M., De Sint-Walburgiskerk in Zutphen: monumenten uit de geschiedenis van een middeleeuwse kerk (Zutphen 1999)
  • Joosting & Muller Hzn., J.G.C.& S., Bronnen voor de geschiedenis der kerkelijke rechtspraak in het bisdom Utrecht in de Middeleeuwen. I: S. Muller Hzn, De indeeling van het bisdom (The Hague 1915), 461
  • Kuys, J., Kerkelijke organisatie in het middeleeuwse bisdom Utrecht (Nijmegen 2004), 278
  • Lensen, L. W., De Walburgskerk een bisschoppelijke kerk of een eigen kerk van de heren van Zutphen, Oud-Zutphen 10 (1991), 1-9, 1-9
  • Maris, A.J., Vorming van kapittelen van seculiere kanunniken in Gelderland voor de Reformatie, Nederlands Archievenblad 70 (1966), 148-172, 159-163
  • Olde Meierink, B.; Kolman, Chris; Broekhoven, Sabine; Stenvert, Ronald, Monumenten in Nederland. Gelderland. Rijksdienst voor de Monumentenzorg (Zwolle 2000)
  • Spengler-Reffgen, Ulrike, Stifte im Herzogtum Geldern, in: Stinner, Johannes, & Karl-Heinz Tekath, Gelre / Geldern / Gelderland. Geschichte und Kultur des Herzogtums Geldern (Geldern 2001), 315-322, 317-318
  • Straten, Rudi van, Hans Henrick Baederorgel in de St. Walburgskerk te Zutphen; beknopte geschiedenis en beschrijving... eer meer als minder. (Zutphen 1986)
Links

Building history

General date of construction 1200-1300
Church or chapel(s)
Name St Walpurga's Church, Zutphen
Date of foundation ca.1046
Date of consecration 1105
Short history of the building stages 1046: Construction of an early-Romanesque basilica with crypt (tuff stone). 1200-1250: In the thirteenth century renovations were made in Romano-Gothic style. 1370-1390: Replacement of the side-choir by an ambulatory with radiating chapels. 1393: Construction of Our Lady's Chapel (currently known as 'Raadskapel'). Ca. 1456: Construction of the current hall church (enlargement of the side-aisles). Also addition of a fifth section to the tower. 1492: Construction of the northern chapel. 1499: Construction of the southern chapel (and sacristy). 1500: Construction of the (northern) Our Lady's portal (nave). 1544: Construction of the ‘rekenkamerken’ (account chamber). 1561-1564: Construction of the (new) 'Librije' (southwards of the choir). 1591: Demolition of the crypt (vault). 1729: Construction of the roof turret (choir). 1888-1892, 1992: Restoration of the Our Lady's portal. 1890-1919, 1948-1962, 1979-1998: Restoration.
Additional remarks Part of the inventory are several fifteenth century wall paintings (situated: radiating chapels, choir and nave), a chandelier (1389-1396), a baptismal font (1527), a church organ made by Hans Hendrik Bader (1637-1643), a small organ made by J.A. Hillebrand (1813), a pulpit (ca. 1670) and various memorial tombs. An important tomb is a Romanesque sarcophagus/tomb. It is likely that this tomb was in memory of Otto I (†1207). Also part of the inventory is a collection of medieval manuscripts and incunabula ('Librije').
Burial ground
Location
Date of consecration
Date of clearance
Extant building remnants
Demolition
Additional remarks
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