Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Floor slab of Willem van Galen

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 2849
Name Floor slab of Willem van Galen
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Breda, Grote of Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk
Category
Type Tomb monument, tomb slab or floor slab (physical object)
Classification Tomb slab or floor slab
Short description Stone slab with a brass showing an incised effigy of a canon inside a niche, a chalice, two heraldic shields at the top, an inscription along the edge, and quatrefoils with the evangelist symbols in the corners
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1500-1550
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Heemskerck, Maarten van
Original institution(s)
Original institution [392] Grote of Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk (Our Lady's Church (Grote Kerk)), Breda
Arguments
Specification
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ?
(Probable) original location
  • in the choir
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function liturgical/religious
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Willem van Galen
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [5422] Guilhelmi de Gaellen (Willem van Galen) (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons no relation (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • brass (copper alloy)
  • stone
Specification Hardstone slab with brass (copper alloy) plate. Originally decorated with enamel.
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 217 x 142 x 20
Completeness Both slab and brass appear to be complete, but the brass may have lost its original red enamel filling in the text band
Condition Very good, although the SKKN inventory mentions three horizontal cracks on the right side
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks The brass was probably made in the area that is now Belgium, which had several centres of brass production in the Middle Ages
Provenance
Provenance
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Bloys van Treslong Prins, P.C., Genealogische en heraldische gedenkwaardigheden in en uit de kerken der provincie Noord-Brabant II (Utrecht 1924), 93
  • Herring, Kevin, The Dutch artist Maerten van Heemskerck and his connections with the brass in St. Laurenskerk, Alkmaar, Monumental Brass Society Bulletin 134, February (2017), 672-675
  • Kalf, J., De Nederlandsche monumenten van geschiedenis en kunst I. De provincie Noordbrabant. De monumenten in de voormalige Baronie van Breda (Utrecht 1912), 119-120
  • Leeman, Fred; Vos, Rik, Het nieuwe ornament ('s Gravenhage 1986), 79-80
  • Wezel, G.W.C. van, De Nederlandse monumenten van geschiedenis en kunst. De Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekerk en de grafkapel voor Oranje-Nassau te Breda (Zeist 2003), 327-328; no. 52
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Tomb or floor slab (front) of [2849] Floor slab of Willem van Galen

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Short description
Short description Stone slab with a brass showing an incised effigy of a canon inside a niche, a chalice, two heraldic shields at the top, an inscription along the edge, and quatrefoils with the evangelist symbols in the corners
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 200 x 120 x 0
Date
Year 1539
Specified date 1539/08/29
Argumentation
  • date of death given on the object
Specification
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Breda, Grote of Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The slab is situated in the south wall of fourth chapel
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Heemskerck, Maarten van
Attribution
  • style
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification Maarten van Heemskerck has been suggested as the designer of the slab, based on records which show that the artist carried out work in the Breda church in 1539
Assignment
Role designer
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation The brass shows similarities with that of Pieter Claesz. Palinck and Josina Willemsdr. van Foreest in Alkmaar (ID 361). Perhaps they come from the same (Belgian) workshop, see Van Wezel (2003) and Herring (2017).
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait in the centre of the slab, inside a Renaissance-style niche
Portrait of
Name Guilhelmi de Gaellen (Willem van Galen)
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person cannot be determined
Argumentation
Specification
Posture uncertain/cannot be determined
Manner of portrayal Head resting on a cushion, but standing in a niche; hands crossed across the lower abdomen
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing clothes of an ecclesiastical office holder
Short description Chasuble worn over an alb, and a maniple
Attributes
Attributes
  • liturgical vessels
Specification A chalice and host 'floating' above the canon's hands
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the left spandrel of the niche
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Allied arms (2 coats of arms in 2 shields, respecting each other)
Specification
Shape of the shield Late renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield three crampons, 2-1 (drie weerhaken, 2-1)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
  • One or two mythical figures (angels or putti)
Specification A naked winged angel (taller than a putto)
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Van Galen
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Heraldry referring to Willem's father
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the right spandrel of the niche
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Allied arms (2 coats of arms in 2 shields, respecting each other)
Specification
Shape of the shield Late renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield ermine, a saltire (hermelijn, een schuinkruis)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
  • One or two mythical figures (angels or putti)
Specification A naked winged angel (taller than a putto)
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Blankaert, Tulenaar, Masschereel, Daesdonck or Ipelaer?
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Heraldry referring to Willem's mother

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription along all four edges of the slab
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Saxum hoc cineres habet venerabilis viri domini et magistri Guilhelmi de Gaellen, sacre theologie licenciati, Bredensis conciliique Bekensis decani, qui obiit 29 Augusti anno 1539, cuius anima Deo vivat.
Translation
English translation This stone holds the ashes (remains) of the venerable man, sir and master Willem van Galen, licentiate in theology, dean of the church of Breda and of the deanery of Beek, who died on 29 August in the year 1539, whose soul may live with God.
Dutch translation Deze steen bevat de as van de eerbiedwaardige man, heer en meester Willem van Galen, licentiaat in theologie, deken van de kerk van Breda en van het dekenaat Beek, die stierf op 29 augustus in het jaar 1539. Zijn ziel leve met God.
Lay–out
Lay-out Raised brass letters in Roman uncial capitals
Inscription mentioning
Name [5422] Guilhelmi de Gaellen (Willem van Galen) (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Beek nowadays is called Hilvarenbeek

Decorations

Indication of part
Indication of the part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • architectural decorations
  • evangelist symbols
  • garland(s)
  • flowers/plants
  • angels, putti or cherubs
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) quatrefoils with the evangelist symbols in the corners; plinth with arabesque decorations, surmounted by two columns with Corinthian capitals; niche showing wreaths with apostle figures(?), and a shell-shaped top; two naked winged angels holding shields; laurel garlands
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 5422
Personal details
Name Guilhelmi de Gaellen (Willem van Galen)
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1539/08/29
Additional remarks
Social standing
Status secular clergy
Arguments
  • clothing of the portrayed person
  • mentioned in the inscription
  • attribute of the portrayed/commemorated person (e.g. a priest's chalice)
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy canon
Specification parish priest in Dongen (1530-1537); canon and dean of Our Lady's Church in Breda and dean of the rural deanery of Hilvarenbeek
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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