Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Floor slab of Gerard van der Toren and Gerard ten Bussche

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 2938
Name Floor slab of Gerard van der Toren and Gerard ten Bussche
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Utrecht, Pieterskerk
Category
Type Tomb monument, tomb slab or floor slab (physical object)
Classification Tomb slab or floor slab
Short description Stone slab with a coat of arms inside an upright rectangular field in the centre, banderoles with inscription above, an oblong cartouche with inscription below, heraldic shields inside quatrefoils in the corners and inscription along the edge
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1500-1550
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [19] St. Pieterskerk (Pieterskerk) (St Peter's Church), Utrecht
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification The commemorated persons were canons at this church
Still in original institution? unknown
Location inside the institution
In situ?
(Probable) original location
  • in the nave
Argumentation mentioned by Buchelius
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function liturgical/religious and social
Grave findings
Additional remarks • Commemorated on the object are holders of the same office or members of the same corporation or religious order: see Commemorated party. • No information is available about possible other functions, because the object is too damaged or no photograph is available.
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Gerardus de Turri and Gerardus ten Busche (Gerard van der Toren and Gerard ten Bussche)
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [5587] Gerardus ten Busche (Gerard ten Bussche) (male)
  • [3178] Gerardus de Turri (Gerard van der Toren) (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons office holders/officials (ecclesiastical or public office)
Relation specification canons at the Pieterskerk (St Peter's Church) in Utrecht
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification blue limestone
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth
Completeness Largely complete (based on photo)
Condition In poor condition. The slab is badly worn and damaged; the inscriptions are hard to read. Missing parts have been filled with cement (based on photo).
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
  • inscription(s) added
Specification inscription added for Gerard ten Bussche (d. 1572)
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Bogaers, L.C.J.J., Aards, betrokken en zelfbewust. De verwevenheid van cultuur en religie in katholiek Utrecht, 1300-1600 (Utrecht 2008), 905-906; 18
  • Bogaers, L.C.J.J., Commemoration in a Utrecht collegiate church: burial and memorial culture in St. Peter's (1054-1784), in: Bueren, T. van; Leerdam, Andrea van, Care for the here and the hereafter: memoria, art and ritual in the Middle Ages (Turnhout 2005), 191-219, 197
  • Buchelius, A., Monumenta passim in templis ac monasteriis Traiectinae urbis atque agri inventa (Utrecht ), 72; fol. 38v
  • Groot, Arie de; Bogaers, L.C.J.J., Van anonieme graven tot persoonsgebonden grafmonumenten: zeven eeuwen grafcultuur in de Utrechtse Pieterskerk, Trajecta: tijdschrift voor de geschiedenis van het katholiek leven in de Nederlanden 11 (2002), 211-243, 214, 225, 226, 231
Other documentation
RCE: object no. 100.651, adlib priref 20233539
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Incised no.: 22

Tomb or floor slab (front) of [2938] Floor slab of Gerard van der Toren and Gerard ten Bussche

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Short description
Short description Stone slab with a coat of arms inside an upright rectangular field in the centre, banderoles with inscription above, an oblong cartouche with inscription below, heraldic shields inside quatrefoils in the corners and inscription along the edge
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth
Date
Year 1521
Specified date 1521/06/09
Argumentation
  • date of death given on the object
Specification date of death of Gerard van der Toren, who died half a century earlier than Gerard ten Bussche
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Pieterskerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution It is unclear whether the slab is still present in the Utrecht Pieterskerk; the slab has not been located inside the church (summer 2012). The slab was still in the church in 1965, when it was photographed by the RCE. The slab was either removed during the restoration of the church (1954-1970), or is currently situated underneath the wooden platform in the nave.
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry inside the rectangular field in the centre of the slab
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Marshalled arms (2 coats of arms in one shield per pale or per fess)
Specification
Shape of the shield Late renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield per pale, 1: a castle; II: a castle (gedeeld I: een burcht; II: een burcht)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling) crest: an animal's head? (helmteken (moeilijk te identificeren, dierenkop oid > zie afb.))
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Van der Toren
Person details
Person details
  • [3178] Gerardus de Turri (Gerard van der Toren) (male)
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry upper left corner, inside quatrefoil
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Marshalled arms (2 coats of arms in one shield per pale or per fess)
Specification
Shape of the shield Semicircular shield
Specification
Description of the shield per pale, 1: a castle; II: a castle (gedeeld I: een burcht; II: een burcht)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Van der Toren
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry lower left corner, inside quatrefoil
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Semicircular shield
Specification
Description of the shield three mill-rinds, 2-1 (drie molenijzers, 2-1)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry upper right corner, inside quatrefoil
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Semicircular shield
Specification
Description of the shield a bird, in chief two stars (een vogel, boven vergezeld van twee sterren)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry lower right corner, inside quatrefoil
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Semicircular shield
Specification
Description of the shield three dog's heads, 2-1 (drie hondenkoppen, 2 -1)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription on banderoles at the top of the slab
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription C[...] [...]
Translation
English translation
Dutch translation
Lay–out
Lay-out Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The inscription is badly worn and illegible
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription in a cartouche at the bottom of the slab
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Heus [viator, longae vitae tempora tibi] nol[i promittere. Ego, Gerardus ten] Bu[sche, huius phani canonicus, medio vitae cursu anno 1572, 3 Iunii, hic] meas po[sui reliquias, extremum] iuditii e[x]pectans die[m]. Cuius memor[...]
Translation
English translation You there, strolling along, do not promise yourself a long life. I, Gerard ten Bussche, canon of this church, laid down my mortal remains here in the middle of my career, on 3 June 1572, waiting for the Day of Judgment. Whose remembrance [...]
Dutch translation He daar, wandelaar, beloof jezelf geen lang leven. Ik, Gerard ten Bussche, kanunnik van deze kerk, heb midden in mijn loopbaan mijn stoffelijke resten hier neergelegd, op 3 juni 1572, in afwachting van de Dag des Oordeels. Wiens nagedachtenis [...]
Lay–out
Lay-out Roman majuscules
Inscription mentioning
Name [5587] Gerardus ten Busche (Gerard ten Bussche) (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The inscription is badly worn and damaged; the transcription was completed with the help of Buchelius (bracketed text)
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription along all four edges of the slab
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Anno Domini [MCCCCCXXI], die IX Iunii obiit venerabilis vir dominus magister Gerardus de Turri, legum doctor decanus [et can]onicus huius ecclesie, vicarius [generalis] Traiectensis in spiritualibus, hic sepultus. Orate pro eo.
Translation
English translation In the year of the Lord 1521, the 9th day of June, died the venerable man, sir, master Gerard van der Toren, doctor of law, dean and canon of this church, vicar [general] of the diocese of Utrecht in spiritual matters, buried here. Pray for him.
Dutch translation In het jaar des Heren 1521, de 9de dag van juni, stierf de eerbiedwaardige man, heer, meester Gerard van der Toren, doctor in de rechten, deken en kanunnik van deze kerk, vicaris [-generaal] van het bisdom Utrecht in geestelijke zaken, hier begraven. Bidt voor hem.
Lay–out
Lay-out Gothic textualis.
Inscription mentioning
Name [3178] Gerardus de Turri (Gerard van der Toren) (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Part of the inscription is illegible; the transcription was completed with the help of Buchelius (bracketed text)

Decorations

Indication of part
Indication of the part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • scrollwork and/or strapwork
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) oblong cartouche with strapwork (below); quatrefoils with tracery (corners)
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 3178
Personal details
Name Gerardus de Turri (Gerard van der Toren)
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1521/06/09
Additional remarks Doctor of Canon and Civil Law. He was buried in the St. Pieterskerk (St Peter's Church) in Utrecht.
Social standing
Status secular clergy
Arguments
  • mentioned in the inscription
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy canon
Specification canon and dean at the St. Pieterskerk in Utrecht; vicar general of Utrecht
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 5587
Personal details
Name Gerardus ten Busche (Gerard ten Bussche)
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1572/06/03
Additional remarks
Social standing
Status secular clergy
Arguments
  • mentioned in the inscription
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy canon
Specification canon at the St. Pieterskerk (St Peter's Church) in Utrecht
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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