Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Tomb monument of Jan II, Lord of Polanen, and his first two wives

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 2957
Name Tomb monument of Jan II, Lord of Polanen, and his first two wives
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Breda, Grote of Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk
Category
Type Tomb monument, tomb slab or floor slab (physical object)
Classification Tomb monument
Short description Stone wall/niche tomb with Gothic niches (side and head/foot-end), three effigies with canopies above their heads, and dogs at their feet (cover)
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1350-1400
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [392] Grote of Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk (Our Lady's Church (Grote Kerk)), Breda
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification The 1372 testament of Jan II van Polanen mentions a burial chapel with tombs. See also Additional remarks.
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? no
(Probable) original location
  • in a chapel
Argumentation Originally located north of the choir, in the burial chapel of Jan II van Polanen, which is already mentioned in 1372. The west side of the tomb cover is unfinished, indicating that this side of the tomb once was placed against a wall. The tomb was probably moved to its current location (shortly) after 1410, the year in which the burial chapel of Jan II van Polanen was incorporated into the so-called 'Herenkoor'.
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks It is likely that the wall sculpture with a representation of the Last Judgement was added after the relocation.
Memorial piece
Function
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function liturgical/religious, social and didactic
Grave findings
Additional remarks Commemorated on the object are a married couple, (members of) a nuclear family or (members of) an extended family: see Commemorated party. • Inscription(s) and/or decoration(s) with a didactic statement, usually with references to the mortality of mankind / variations on ‘Remember that you will die’. In this case the Last Judgement is depicted: see Original location. • No information is available about possible other functions, because large parts of the monument are missing.
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Jan II, Lord of Polanen, Oda van Horne and Machteld van Rotselaer
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [2555] Oda van Horne (female)
  • [4099] Machteld van Rotselaer (female)
  • [2554] Jan II, Lord of Polanen (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons a person with his/her successive spouses (and their family/families)
Relation specification a man with two of his successive wives (he married three times)
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • brass (copper alloy)
  • stone
Specification Blonde and black limestone, and slate; brass lost
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 0 x 198 x 303
Completeness Incomplete. Around the tomb, above the niches, once ran a brass strip with an inscription. Some of the representations within the niches are lost. Also the lion at the feet of the central person has disappeared and parts of the effigies are missing. Remnants of polychromy are visible.
Condition
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Wezel, G.W.C. van, De Nederlandse monumenten van geschiedenis en kunst. De Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekerk en de grafkapel voor Oranje-Nassau te Breda (Zeist 2003), 86, 172
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • Van Wezel (2003) suggests that the tombs mentioned in Jan II van Polanen's 1372 testament, were likely those of his two former wives. After Jan's death in 1378, these two (brick?) tombs were probably replaced by the current monument. • Jan's third wife, Margaretha van der Lippe, is not included in the tomb monument, nor in the sculpture, possibly because she outlived her husband.

Chest tomb: foot-end of [2957] Tomb monument of Jan II, Lord of Polanen, and his first two wives

Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: foot-end
Short description
Short description Slab of slate surmounted by five empty niches with tracery
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 0 x 198 x 0
Date
Year ca.1380
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date of death (from other sources)
Specification Jan II van Polanen was buried in the church in February 1379
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Breda, Grote of Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The tomb is located in the ambulatory, north side
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Chest tomb: head-end of [2957] Tomb monument of Jan II, Lord of Polanen, and his first two wives

Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: head-end
Short description
Short description Slab of slate surmounted by five empty niches with tracery
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 0 x 198 x 0
Date
Year ca.1380
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date of death (from other sources)
Specification Jan II van Polanen was buried in the church in February 1379
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Breda, Grote of Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The tomb is located in the ambulatory, north side
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Chest tomb: right side of [2957] Tomb monument of Jan II, Lord of Polanen, and his first two wives

Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: right side
Short description
Short description Slab of slate surmounted by eight niches with the Coronation of the Virgin and kneeling figures, and tracery
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 0 x 303 x 0
Date
Year ca.1380
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date of death (from other sources)
Specification Jan II van Polanen was buried in the church in February 1379
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Breda, Grote of Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The tomb is located in the ambulatory, north side
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Chest tomb: tomb cover of [2957] Tomb monument of Jan II, Lord of Polanen, and his first two wives

Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: tomb cover
Short description
Short description Black slab with the recumbent effigies of a husband flanked by two wives, with canopies above their heads, and dogs at their feet
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 303 x 198 x 0
Date
Year ca.1380
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date of death (from other sources)
Specification Jan II van Polanen was buried in the church in February 1379
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Breda, Grote of Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The tomb is located in the north side of the ambulatory
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: tomb cover
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait in the middle
Portrait of
Name Jan II, Lord of Polanen
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on literature or archival research
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture recumbent
Manner of portrayal Lying with his head on a pillow, open eyes, folded hands held in prayer
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing armour
Short description
Attributes
Attributes
  • animal(s)
Specification A lion as a footrest
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks There was a lion at his (now missing) feet and there is still a canopy above his head. Remnants of polychromy are still visible.
Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: tomb cover
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait on the left
Portrait of
Name Oda van Horne
Sex female
Argumentation
  • based on literature or archival research
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture recumbent
Manner of portrayal Open eyes, the arms have been lost (held in prayer?)
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing aristocratic/noble attire
Short description The woman is fashionably dressed in the courtly style of ca.1400
Attributes
Attributes
  • animal(s)
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks Remnants of polychromy are still visible. Two dogs at the feet.
Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: tomb cover
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait on the right
Portrait of
Name Machteld van Rotselaer
Sex female
Argumentation
  • based on literature or archival research
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture recumbent
Manner of portrayal Open eyes, the arms have been lost (originally held in prayer?)
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing aristocratic/noble attire
Short description The woman is fashionably dressed in the courtly style of ca.1400
Attributes
Attributes
  • animal(s)
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks Remnants of polychromy are still visible. One dog lying at the feet.

Decorations

Indication of part
Indication of the part Chest tomb: foot-end
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • architectural decorations
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) Five Gothic niches with tracery: the representations are lost
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of the part Chest tomb: head-end
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • architectural decorations
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) Five Gothic niches with tracery: the representations are lost
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of the part Chest tomb: right side
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • architectural decorations
  • human figures (incl. skeletons and skulls)
  • religious representations
  • saint(s)
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) Eight Gothic niches with tracery: the Coronation of the Virgin in the two central niches, flanked by four niches showing kneeling knights and women (so-called 'pleurants' or weepers?); the outer niches are empty now.
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of the part Chest tomb: tomb cover
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • architectural decorations
  • animals (pets/other)
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) Three canopies above the heads of the effigies. Dogs at the feet of the women. Originally a lion at the man's feet.
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 2554
Personal details
Name Jan II, Lord of Polanen
Sex male
Year/date of birth ca.1324
Year/date of death 1378/11/03
Additional remarks Son of Jan I, Lord of Polanen, and Katharine van Brederode. Jan II married thrice: (1) Oda van Horne (d.1353); (2) Machteld van Rotselaer (d.1366) and (3) Margaretha van der Lippe (outlived her husband). He visited the Holy Land in 1443 and participated in the crusade to Prussia in 1344-1345. Jan was forced to leave his properties in Holland behind after a dispute with Count William V of Holland, becoming the first Lord of Breda to actually settle in the city. He had the Grote Kerk (Great - or Our Lady's Church) of Breda extended and founded a family and/or burial chapel there. He died in Breda and was buried in the Grote Kerk on February 3, 1379. A tomb monument was erected in honour of Jan II and his first two wives.
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
  • according to literature
Specification Lord of Polanen; Lord of the Lek; Lord of Breda (1350); Viscount of Geertruidenberg (ca.1350); stadholder of the Grote Waard (1375).
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 2555
Personal details
Name Oda van Horne
Sex female
Year/date of birth 1318
Year/date of death 1353/04/01
Additional remarks Also known as Oeda van Hoorne. Daughter of Willem V van Horne, Lord of Horne, Altena and Gaasbeek, and Oda van Putten en Strijen. First wife of Jan II, Lord of Polanen; they married in 1340 and had children together. Oda was buried in the Grote Kerk (Great - or Our Lady's Church), where a tomb monument was erected in honour of Jan II and his first two wives.
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 4099
Personal details
Name Machteld van Rotselaer
Sex female
Year/date of birth ca.1324
Year/date of death 1366
Additional remarks Also known as Machteld van Brabant. Illegitimate daughter of Jan III, Duke of Brabant. Second wife of Jan II, Lord of Polanen; they married in 1353 and had child(ren) together. Machteld was buried in the Grote Kerk (Great - or Our Lady's Church), where a tomb monument was erected in honour of Jan II and his first two wives.
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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