Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Tomb monument of Jan III van Polanen

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 2959
Name Tomb monument of Jan III van Polanen
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Breda, Grote of Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk
Category
Type Tomb monument, tomb slab or floor slab (physical object)
Classification Tomb monument
Short description Stone niche tomb with the damaged effigy of a knight placed on a slab which has an inscription along the left edge, four roundels with quatrefoils and lost heraldry on the front of the tomb and in the back of the niche
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1375-1400
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [392] Grote of Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk (Our Lady's Church (Grote Kerk)), Breda
Arguments
  • based on research (literature, archival or archaeological research)
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
  • the institution/community is mentioned in the text
Specification According to his 1394 testament the tomb was made before Jan III van Polanen died
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? no
(Probable) original location
  • in the choir
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks The niche tomb was originally a freestanding tomb, standing in the choir, just in front of the church tabernacle. Hendrik III van Nassau ordered a burial chapel in a new side choir, to the north of the old choir. Around 1530-1535 the tomb was moved to its current location.
Memorial piece
Function
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function liturgical/religious; no information on possible other functions
Grave findings Van Goor mentions that when the tomb was moved (1530-1535) and the grave itself was opened, a velvet purse with gold and silver coins was found on top of Jan III's coffin. This was reburied after the tomb had been moved.
Additional remarks no information is available about possible other functions, because the object is too damaged or no photograph is available
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Jan III van Polanen
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [5610] Jan III van Polanen (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons no relation (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name Jan III van Polanen
Composition of the commissioning party
  • single person
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
  • [5610] Jan III van Polanen (male)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party The commissioning party was the commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification Black and blonde limestone
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 127 x 120 x 283
Completeness Incomplete: parts of the effigy and the heraldic shields are missing
Condition Worn and damaged; traces of polychromy are still visible, however
Conservation The composition of the tomb was changed in the 16th century
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
  • heraldry removed
  • decoration(s) removed
Specification A seventeenth-century drawing of the tomb shows that the effigy was already damaged by then. There are only remnants of the heraldic shields, which were located in the quatrefoils, left. It is likely that the quatrefoils, placed on the rear wall of the niche, once were part of the tomb. Holes in the tomb cover on both sides of the effigy indicate that there was even more sculpture on the tomb originally.
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Wezel, G.W.C. van, De Nederlandse monumenten van geschiedenis en kunst. De Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekerk en de grafkapel voor Oranje-Nassau te Breda (Zeist 2003), 89, 172
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The text in Jan III's 1394 testament states: ‘Item kiesen wi onse sepulture te Breda in de hoeghen koer voer dat Heilighe Sacrament onder eenen zwarten zarc met eenen beelde daerop gehouwen, sonder uutvaert na ons te doene’ (transl.: Item, we choose our sepulchre (to be) in Breda in the high choir in front of the Holy Sacrament under a black tombstone with a carved statue on top, without obsequies to be made after us(?)).

Chest tomb: left side of [2959] Tomb monument of Jan III van Polanen

Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: left side
Short description
Short description Four roundels with quatrefoils which originally showed heraldic shields; four identical roundels in the back of the niche
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 127 x 283 x 0
Date
Year 1375-1400
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date of death given on the object
  • based on historical and/or technical research
Specification The testament indicates that the tomb was made before Jan III van Polanen's death (in 1394)
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Breda, Grote of Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The tomb is located on the north side of the ambulatory
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Chest tomb: tomb cover of [2959] Tomb monument of Jan III van Polanen

Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: tomb cover
Short description
Short description Black stone slab on which the damaged effigy of a knight with a baldachin above his head, and an inscription along the edge
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 283 x 120 x 0
Date
Year 1375-1400
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on historical and/or technical research
Specification
Additional remarks The tomb was made before Jan III van Polanen died (in 1394)
Holding institution
Holding institution Breda, Grote of Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The tomb is located in the ambulatory, north side
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: tomb cover
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait on the tomb cover (fragment of an effigy)
Portrait of
Name Jan III van Polanen
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person cannot be determined
Argumentation
Specification
Posture recumbent
Manner of portrayal The head rests on a cushion. The hands (now missing) may have been held in prayer position.
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing aristocratic/noble attire
Short description A suit of armour, a coat of mail, and a cape/tunic. The latter showing the coat of arms of the Van Polanen family (three crescents, 2-1), which is also depicted below the figure's chin.
Attributes
Attributes
  • sword
Specification A sword or dagger
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The hands and legs are missing, and probably some attributes as well

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: left side
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry front; first roundel from the left
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield lost; originally: three crescents, 2-1 (verdwenen; oorspronkelijk: drie wassenaars, 2-1)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Van Polanen
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: left side
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry front; second roundel from the left
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield lost; originally: three horns, 2-1 (verdwenen; oorspronkelijk: drie hoorns, 2-1)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Van Ho(o)rne
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: left side
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry front; third roundel from the left
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield lost; originally: on three fesses nine saltirels, 4-3-2 (verdwenen; drie dwarsbalken beladen met negen schuinkruisjes, 4-3-2)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Van Putten
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: left side
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry front; fourth roundel from the left
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield lost; originally: Van Brederode (verdwenen; oorspronkelijk: Van Brederode)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Van Brederode
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: left side
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the back of the niche; four roundels
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry
Specification
Shape of the shield
Specification
Description of the shield lost (verdwenen)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The roundels showed four heraldic shields. Since the tomb was originally a freestanding tomb, the roundels may once have been placed on the right side of the tomb.

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: tomb cover
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription along the left edge of the slab
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Hier leghet begraven Jan, here was van der Lecke ende van Breda, die sterf int jaer ons Heren als men screef M CCC XCIIII XI daghe in oeghst maent. Bidt voer siin ziele.
Translation
English translation Here lies buried Jan, [who] was lord of the Lek and of Breda, who died in the year of our Lord as was written 1394 on the 11th day of harvest month [i.e. August]. Pray for his soul.
Dutch translation
Lay–out
Lay-out Raised Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Name [5610] Jan III van Polanen (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Decorations

Indication of part
Indication of the part Chest tomb: left side
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • flowers/plants
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) Foliage between the roundels
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of the part Chest tomb: tomb cover
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • architectural decorations
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) A baldachin (fragment)
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Originally gilded

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 5610
Personal details
Name Jan III van Polanen
Sex male
Year/date of birth 1340
Year/date of death 1394/08/11
Additional remarks Jan III van Polanen was the son of Jan II van Polanen and Oda van Horne. He was married to Odilia van Salm. The couple were the parents of Johanna van Polanen, who married Engelbrecht I van Nassau.
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
  • mentioned in the inscription
Specification He was lord of the Lek and Breda
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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