Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Tomb monument of Arnold van der Sluis

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 2962
Name Tomb monument of Arnold van der Sluis
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum
Category
Type Tomb monument, tomb slab or floor slab (physical object)
Classification Tomb monument
Short description Stone, freestanding chest tomb: nine arches with tracery (sides); three arches with shields and a figure (foot end); four arches with tracery (head end); gisant of a knight under a Gothic baldachin and an inscription along the edge (cover)
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1275-1325
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [506] Norbertijnenabdij Berne (Berne Abbey, Premonstratensians), Berne
Arguments
  • based on research (literature, archival or archaeological research)
Specification
Still in original institution? no
Location inside the institution
In situ?
(Probable) original location
  • in the church/chapel (exact location unknown)
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks The tomb was situated in the abbey church
Memorial piece
Function
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function liturgical/religious; no information on possible other functions
Grave findings
Additional remarks No information is available about possible other functions, because parts of the monument are missing
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Arnoldus de Slusa (Arnold van der Sluis)
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [5614] Arnoldus de Slusa (Arnold van der Sluis) (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons not applicable (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification limestone: Namur stone
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 99 x 142 x 323
Completeness Incomplete. The charge(s) on the left-hand heraldic shield (foot end) has/have possibly been hacked away. The base is currently missing. The following elements have broken off: lower section of the tomb cover which originally showed a dog; parts of the pinnacles; the lower legs and feet of the knight; fingertips of the knight; part of the sword handle; left edge of the shield; large parts of the bottom and left-hand side of the baldachin; upper right corner and two parts of the upper left corner of the tomb cover.
Condition In overall reasonable condition, despite the many missing elements. The face of the knight is damaged and worn. The surface shows several damages and traces of weathering.
Conservation The lower section of the tomb cover is a modern reconstruction. The tomb was broken in several pieces, which have been attached to one another by brass dowels. Breaks have been filled.
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks The tomb is executed in high relief. The underside of the tomb is roughly worked.
Provenance
Provenance Berne Abbey near Heusden; Rijksmuseum Amsterdam, a donation by W.A.C. de Jonge, 1886; on loan to Museum Catharijneconvent, Utrecht; return to Rijksmuseum Amsterdam, 2006
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Coldeweij, J.A., Arnold van der Sluis, ridder, zijn afkomst en nageslacht (ca. 1245-1296), Bernensia 13 (1968), 1-24
  • Filedt Kok, J.P.; Os, H. van, Nederlandse kunst in het Rijksmuseum 1400-1600 (Amsterdam/Zwolle 2000), 246
  • Leeuwenberg, J., Graftombe van ridder Arnoud van der Sluis van heusden (gest. 1296) : eerste kwart 14e eeuw, Bernensia 13 (1968), 1-5
  • Leeuwenberg, J.; Halsema-Kubes, W., Beeldhouwkunst in het Rijksmuseum (The Hague 1973), 34-35; cat. no. 4
  • Stolte, A.H., De graftombe van ridder Arnold van der Sluis, Bernensia 13 (1968), 317-322
  • Stolte, A.H., De graftombe van ridder Arnold van der Sluis, Varia Historica Brabantica 2 (1966), 317-322
  • Vermeulen, H.J.J., Twee wapens op de tombe van Arnold van der Sluis, ridder, Bernensia 13 (1968), 1-2
  • Vlierden, M. van, Hout- en steensculptuur van Museum Catharijneconvent, ca. 1200-1600 (Zwolle/Utrecht 2004), 64
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • The tomb has been produced in the Meuse Valley. • A wood engraving of 1870 shows the tomb on the site of the former abbey of Berne. Sixteen years later, the tomb came in the possesion of the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam.

Chest tomb: foot-end of [2962] Tomb monument of Arnold van der Sluis

Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: foot-end
Short description
Short description Central arch in which a trefoil arch and a standing human figure, flanked by two pointed arches in which trefoil arches and shields; pointed trefoils in the spandrels
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 45 x 133 x 0
Date
Year ca.1296
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date of death (from other sources)
Specification date of death of Arnold van der Sluis
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum
Collection Sculpture & Applied Art
Collection identifier BK-NM-8657
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections Previously on loan to Museum Catharijneconvent, Utrecht
Alternative of previous identifiers RMCC b00030
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Chest tomb: left side of [2962] Tomb monument of Arnold van der Sluis

Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: left side
Short description
Short description Nine blind pointed arches in which double trefoil arches topped with a quatrefoil; pointed trefoils in the spandrels
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 45 x 323 x 0
Date
Year ca.1296
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date of death (from other sources)
Specification date of death of Arnold van der Sluis
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum
Collection Sculpture & Applied Art
Collection identifier BK-NM-8657
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections Previously on loan to Museum Catharijneconvent, Utrecht
Alternative of previous identifiers RMCC b00030
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Chest tomb: tomb cover of [2962] Tomb monument of Arnold van der Sluis

Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: tomb cover
Short description
Short description Gisant of a knight under a Gothic baldachin, flanked by pinnacles - the lower legs and feet of the knight are missing, as well as the dog at his feet - and an inscription along the edge
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 323 x 142 x 54
Date
Year ca.1296
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date of death given on the object
Specification date of death of Arnold van der Sluis
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum
Collection Sculpture & Applied Art
Collection identifier BK-NM-8657
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections Previously on loan to Museum Catharijneconvent, Utrecht
Alternative of previous identifiers RMCC b00030
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Chest tomb: right side of [2962] Tomb monument of Arnold van der Sluis

Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: right side
Short description
Short description Nine blind pointed arches in which double trefoil arches topped with a quatrefoil; pointed trefoils in the spandrels
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 45 x 323 x 0
Date
Year ca.1296
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date of death (from other sources)
Specification date of death of Arnold van der Sluis
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum
Collection Sculpture & Applied Art
Collection identifier BK-NM-8657
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections Previously on loan to Museum Catharijneconvent, Utrecht
Alternative of previous identifiers RMCC b00030
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Chest tomb: head-end of [2962] Tomb monument of Arnold van der Sluis

Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: head-end
Short description
Short description Four blind pointed arches in which double trefoil arches topped with a quatrefoil; pointed trefoils in the spandrels
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 45 x 133 x 0
Date
Year ca.1296
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date of death (from other sources)
Specification date of death of Arnold van der Sluis
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum
Collection Sculpture & Applied Art
Collection identifier BK-NM-8657
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections Previously on loan to Museum Catharijneconvent, Utrecht
Alternative of previous identifiers RMCC b00030
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: tomb cover
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait on the tomb cover
Portrait of
Name Arnoldus de Slusa (Arnold van der Sluis)
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
Specification inscription
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person deceased
Argumentation
  • recumbent
Specification recumbent; hands folded on his chest; his head rests on a pillow
Posture recumbent
Manner of portrayal
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing aristocratic/noble attire
Short description coat of mail and tunic
Attributes
Attributes
  • shield
  • sword
Specification bandolier across the right shoulder from which hangs a shield that shows the coat of arms of the city of Heusden; sword (almost completely covered by the shield) attached to a wide hip belt; headband
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The portrayed knight has short, curly hair

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: foot-end
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry shield inside the left-hand arch
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield Blank shield: the charge(s) has/have possibly been hacked away (Leeg schild: de wapenstukken zijn mogelijk weggehakt)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: foot-end
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry shield inside the right-hand arch
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield Een klimmende, gekroonde leeuw met gespleten staart
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: tomb cover
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry depicted on the shield of the knight
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Heraldry of corporations (cities, guilds, confraternities, companies)
Specification Coat of arms of a city
Shape of the shield
Specification Round shield
Description of the shield Six-spoked wheel (Rad met zes spaken)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to City of Heusden
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: tomb cover
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription on the chamfered edges of the tomb cover
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription [Qui fuerat gratus cun]ctis, iacet hic tumulatus / Husdensi natus ex clara stirpe, vocatus / Arnoldus miles de Slusa. Spernere viles / actus hic novit falsos [a seque removit. / Fortis formosus prudens erat ac animosus, / iustus pacificus probitati semper amicus. / Finiit is vitam morum gravitate p]olitam / quarto reddendas a mense Decembre Kalendas, / Anno milleno Domini noviesque noveno / et bis centeno terno quoque cum duodeno. / Gaudeat in c[oelis ut hoc orat] quisque fidelis. / Hoc Pater et Flamen Sacrum Natusque [det. Amen].
Translation
English translation He who was agreeable to all, lies buried here, born from a famous lineage of Heusden, and his name was Arnold knight of Sluis. He knew how to despise vile acts and to abstain from false ones. He was strong, beautiful, prudent and spirited, just, peacekeeping and always inclined to goodness. At the end of his life he was adorned by the seriousness of his manners, on the fourth day before the Kalends of December [= 28 November] in the Year of the Lord thousand, nine times nine, twice hundred with three and twelve. May he rejoice in heaven, as every believer prays. May the Father, the Holy Ghost and the Son give this to him. Amen.
Dutch translation Hij die geliefd was bij allen, ligt hier begraven; geboren uit het bekend Heusdens geslacht, genaamd Arnoud van der Sluis, ridder. Hij wist hier lage daden te verachten en hield valse handelingen verre van zich. Hij was sterk, schoon, behoedzaam en onverschrokken, rechtvaardig, vredelievend, steeds een vriend van de rechtschapenheid. Toen zijn leven ten einde kwam, was hij gesierd door [de] waardigheid van [zijn] levenswandel, op de vierde dag voor de kalenden van de maand december [= 28 november], in het jaar des Heren duizend en negen maal negen en tweemaal honderd en drie met twaalf [1296]. Moge hij zich in de hemel verheugen, zoals iedere gelovige dit smeekt. Dit geve de Vader en de Heilige Geest en de Zoon. Amen.
Lay–out
Lay-out Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Name [5614] Arnoldus de Slusa (Arnold van der Sluis) (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Twelve leonine hexameters (i.e. dactylic hexameters with inner rhyme). Transcription: Stolte 1966 (normalised); the reconstructed parts are based on the transcription by the seventeenth-century observer Gramaye. Dutch translation: Coldeweij 1968.

Decorations

Indication of part
Indication of the part Chest tomb: foot-end
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • architectural decorations
  • human figures (incl. skeletons and skulls)
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) standing human figure dressed in a long garment, with a headband (?) and folded hands; (pointed) arches; trefoil arches; trefoils
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of the part Chest tomb: left side
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • geometric patterns
  • architectural decorations
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) pointed arches; double trefoil arches; quatrefoils; trefoils
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of the part Chest tomb: tomb cover
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • architectural decorations
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) The baldachin has the shape of half a hexagon. It shows three Gothic gables which are decorated with crockets and a finial. Each gable is flanked by two arches in which double trefoil arches topped with a quatrefoil. Frieze of trefoils at the top of the baldachin. Pinnacles on the corners of the baldachin.
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of the part Chest tomb: tomb cover
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • architectural decorations
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) Each pinnacle originally consisted of several segments, of which only three remain. Each segment has the following structure: a pointed arch in which a trefoil arch topped with a trefoil; a Gothic gable decorated with crockets and a finial. The same decorations can be seen on the tips of the two pinnacles. The lower and upper halves of the pinnacles are separated by a quatrefoil inside a band.
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of the part Chest tomb: right side
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • architectural decorations
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) pointed arches; double trefoil arches; quatrefoils; trefoils
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of the part Chest tomb: head-end
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • architectural decorations
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) pointed arches; double trefoil arches; quatrefoils; trefoils
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 5614
Personal details
Name Arnoldus de Slusa (Arnold van der Sluis)
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1296/11/28
Additional remarks Born around 1245. Husband of Agnes van de Lecke, father of daughters Jutta and Lijsbeth. In 1288 he fought in the battle of Woerden. Benefactor of Berne Abbey near Heusden. He was buried in the abbey church.
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
  • according to literature
Specification knight; Lord of Heusden
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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