Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Chapter

St. Salvatorkerk (Oudmunster) in Utrecht, Utrecht, NL

MeMO institution ID and name
MeMO institution ID 32
Name (Dutch) St. Salvatorkerk (Oudmunster)
Name (English) St Saviour's Church
Patron saint(s)
  • Saviour
Additional remarks The name Saviour was probably chosen to confirm the connection of this church to the Lateran basilica in Rome. In combination with this patrocinium several other saints' names are mentioned: in the tenth and eleventh century especially the Virgin, in the eleventh and twelfth century also the martyr St Bonifacius.
Location (according to current geography)
Province Utrecht, NL - Netherlands
Settlement Utrecht
Coordinates 137/456C
Diocese before 1559 Utrecht
Diocese after 1559 Utrecht
Parish Utrecht
Date of foundation <723
Type of chapter independent
Founder(s) or main benefactor(s) Bishop Willibrord
Number of prebends 20
Phases in the institutional history Foundation of the church by St Willibrord before 725 (695?). At first, St Saviour's Church functioned as his seat, but after Utrecht received definitely the status f a diocese, St Martin's Church became the cathedral. Both churches together were served by one undivided monasterium, which is mentioned already in 723. After the return of bishop Balderic from exile (ca. 925) a separation of the two chapters has been brought about, as becomes clear for the first time in 944. Later on, provost, dean and chapter of St Saviour's possessed numerous parishes. The provost functioned as archdeacon for an area on the border of Holland and Utrecht and for the eastern part of Frisia. The chapter participated in the rule of the bishop as secular lord of Sticht.
Date of transition (to secular management)
Date of dissolution 1811
Additional remarks In 1580, the chapter of Oudmunster, like the other Utrecht chapter, lost its function as for the catholic liturgy but was continued as a separatre institution (for details see St Martin's Church).
Extant memorial objects and/or texts concerning memoria
Memorial objects
Text carriers
Type of extant material institution archive/archival material
Storage
Short description of the material Archival records 1179-1811. Collection identifier: 223.
Holding institution(s)
Name Het Utrechts Archief
Settlement Utrecht, Utrecht, NL
Website
Additional remarks
  • Hoven van Genderen van den, Bram, Het kapittel-generaal en de Staten van het Nedersticht in de vijftiende eeuw (Zutphen 1987)
  • Hoven van Genderen, B. van den, De heren van de kerk. De kanunniken van Oudmunster te Utrecht in de late middeleeuwen (Zutphen 1997)
  • Joosting & Muller Hzn., J.G.C.& S., Bronnen voor de geschiedenis der kerkelijke rechtspraak in het bisdom Utrecht in de Middeleeuwen. I: S. Muller Hzn, De indeeling van het bisdom (The Hague 1915), 370-371
  • Kok, H.J., Proeve van een onderzoek van de patrocinia in het middeleeuwse bisdom Utrecht (Amsterdam 1958), 27-28
  • Kuys, J., Kerkelijke organisatie in het middeleeuwse bisdom Utrecht (Nijmegen 2004), 277
  • Post, R.R., Eigenkerken en bisschoppelijk gezag in het diocees Utrecht tot de XIIIe eeuw (Utrecht 1928), 19
Links

Building history

General date of construction 900-1000
Church or chapel(s)
Name St Saviour's Church (Oudmunster), Utrecht
Date of foundation <800
Date of consecration
Short history of the building stages After various building campaigns, St Saviour's Church in the late Middle Ages was a cruciform basilica built in tuff, with a deep choir and two western towers. The combination of the map by Van Buchell with the results of archaeological excavations in the 1940's makes it possible more or less to reconstruct the outlines of the churc.
Additional remarks
Burial ground
Location
Date of consecration
Date of clearance
Extant building remnants
Demolition After the Reformation the church was demolished (1587).
Additional remarks
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