Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Monastery

Kartuizers (Bethlehem) in Roermond, Limburg, NL

MeMO institution ID and name
MeMO institution ID 322
Name (Dutch) Kartuizers (Bethlehem)
Name (English) Carthusian Monastery (Bethlehem)
Patron saint(s)
Additional remarks The name of the monastery refers to the pilgrimage to the Holy Land of the founders.
Location (according to current geography)
Province Limburg, NL - Netherlands
Settlement Roermond
Coordinates 197/356
Diocese before 1559 Liege
Diocese after 1559 Roermond
Parish Roermond
Date of foundation 1376
Founder(s) or main benefactor(s) Werner van Swalmen, Bertha van Geilenkirchen (wife of Werner) and Robinus (canon of St Servatius's Maastricht and brother of Werner).
Religious order
Type of religious order Carthusian
Associated with
Type of institution men
Mother house
Name of the mother house
Phases in the institutional history
Date of transition to secular management
Date of dissolution 1783
Additional remarks
Extant memorial objects and/or texts concerning memoria
Memorial objects
Text carriers
Type of extant material institution archive/archival material
Storage mainly in one place
Short description of the material Maastricht, RHCL: 14.D049- Klooster der Kartuizers te Roermond. Size: 6 metre - 269 charters. Date: 1354-1740. Inventory: Goossens, R.J.I., Voorlopige (temporary repository list) magazijnlijst van kloosterarchieven (Maastricht Z.J.).
Holding institution(s)
Name Regionaal Historisch Centrum Limburg (RHCL)
Settlement Maastricht, Limburg, NL
Website
Additional remarks
Type of extant material extant manuscripts and printed books
Storage in one place
Short description of the material Manuscript (Stooker and Verbeij): 1054
Holding institution(s)
Name Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
Settlement Vienna, Vienna, AT
Website
Additional remarks
  • Bijsterveld, Arnoud-Jan A. van, 'Roermond, kartuizers', in: Margry, P.J., Bedevaartplaatsen in Nederland III: Limburg (Amsterdam - Hilversum 2000), 771-774
  • Grauwe, J. de, 'Roermond', in: Schlegel, G.; Hogg, J., Monasticon Cartusiense, II (Salzburg 2004), 605-610
  • Gruijs, A., ‘Kartuizen in de Nederlanden (1314-1796). Klein Monasticon en literatuuroverzicht van de geschiedenis der Zuid- en Noordnederlandse kartuizen’ , in: Rothfusz, R., De kartuizers en hun Delftse klooster (Delft 1975), 157-244, 200-205
  • Pansters, K., Het geheim van de stilte. De besloten wereld van de Roermondse Kartuizers (Zwolle 2009)
  • Schoengen, M., Monasticon Batavum III: De Benedictijnsche Orden. Benevens de Carmelieten en Jesuieten. (Amsterdam 1942), 99
  • Scholtens, H.J.J., Het Roermondsche Kartuizerconvent vóór de zestiende eeuw, Publications de la Société Historique et Archéologique dans le Limbourg 86/87 (1951), 187-245
Links

Building history

General date of construction <1500
Church or chapel(s)
Name Roermond, Monastery Bethlehem
Date of foundation 1376
Date of consecration
Short history of the building stages >1376: A chapel named 'Bethlehem' was built, next to which the monastery was constructed. <1500: The late Gothic chapel (now known as Caroluskapel) was built in the fifteenth century. 1556: Construction of a chapter house. <1800: In the eighteenth century, the chapel received a Rococo ceiling and a cloister was constructed.
Additional remarks
Burial ground
Location
Date of consecration
Date of clearance
Extant building remnants Chapel
Demolition
Additional remarks
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