Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Chapter

St. Plechelmusbasiliek in Oldenzaal, Overijssel, NL

MeMO institution ID and name
MeMO institution ID 33
Name (Dutch) St. Plechelmusbasiliek
Name (English) St Plechelm's Basilica
Patron saint(s)
  • Plechelm
Additional remarks Originally St Silvester was the patron saint. Later St Plechelm became the patron saint.
Location (according to current geography)
Province Overijssel, NL - Netherlands
Settlement Oldenzaal
Coordinates 260/482D
Diocese before 1559 Utrecht
Diocese after 1559 Deventer
Parish Oldenzaal
Date of foundation 954
Type of chapter residing in a parish church
Founder(s) or main benefactor(s) St Plechelm (eight century). Bishop Balderic (954)
Number of prebends 16
Phases in the institutional history Foundation of St Plechelm's Church in the eighth century according to the tradition, possibly by St Plechelm, whose relics were later translated from St Odilienberg to Oldenzaal. Foundation of a chapter inside in 954 by bishop Balderic.
Date of transition (to secular management)
Date of dissolution 1633
Additional remarks St Pechelm's Church was probably the mother church for the region of Twente. Numerous parish churches in this region belonged to St Plechelm's Church.
Extant memorial objects and/or texts concerning memoria
Memorial objects
Text carriers
Type of extant material institution archive/archival material
Storage in one place
Short description of the material 14509 - 184.3 Stukken behorende tot de archieven van de kapittelsvan Deventer, Steenwijk en Oldenzaal, 1391-1588.C. Kapittel van Oldenzaal.
Holding institution(s)
Name Historisch Centrum Overijssel (HCO)
Settlement Zwolle, Overijssel, NL
Website
Additional remarks
  • Velers, Jan; Mulders, Marcel , Klokken in de Plechelmus ( Oldenzaal 1993)
  • Hesselink-van der Riet, M.L.M. ; Kohl, W, De Plechelmuskerk te Oldenzaal : zijn kapittelheren en goederen : De Grevinckhof, de Bisschopshof, de Proosdijhof en het Kapittel (Albergen 2007)
  • Joosting & Muller Hzn., J.G.C.& S., Bronnen voor de geschiedenis der kerkelijke rechtspraak in het bisdom Utrecht in de Middeleeuwen. I: S. Muller Hzn, De indeeling van het bisdom (The Hague 1915), 482
  • Kuys, J., Kerkelijke organisatie in het middeleeuwse bisdom Utrecht (Nijmegen 2004), 277
  • Lenferink, Herman Jozef , De St. Plechelmuskerk te Oldenzaal : vorm, geschiedenis en betekenis (Utrecht 1998)
  • Oude Nijhuis, J. ; Goorhuis, Guus, Plechelmus : zijn kerk, liturgie en kapittel te Oldenzaal : bijdragen over de heilige, zijn kerk en liturgie bij gelegenheid van het 1050-jarig jubileum van de translatie der relieken van Plechelmus naar Oldenzaal ( Zutphen 2005)
  • Stok, M.H. Breitbarth- van der, De Plechelmusbasiliek te Oldenzaal ( Hengelo 1986)
  • Vliet, Kaj van, In kringen van kanunniken. Munsters en kapittels in het bisdom Utrecht 695-1227 (Zutphen 2002), 185-191, 259-260
Links

Building history

General date of construction 1400-1500
Church or chapel(s)
Name St Plechelm's Basilica, Oldenzaal
Date of foundation 954
Date of consecration
Short history of the building stages 1150-1200: Construction of a Romanesque basilica (twelfth century). 1220-1300: Construction of the tower (bottom four sections). Construction of the fifth section of the tower after a city fire in 1492. 1450-1475: Construction of the Gothic choir as a replacement of the Romanesque apse. 1475-1500: Construction of the Gothic side- aisle as a replacement of the Romanesque southern aisle. 1450-1500: Plans are made to construct a hall church but this construction is never completed. 1500-1525: Construction of the roof (choir). It is likely that the Romanesque sacristy was replaced by a late Gothic sacristy during this building stage. Also the northern apse disappeared after 1500. 1891-1900: Restoration and reconstruction of the northern apse. 1930: Construction of a second sacristy. 1922-1925, 1936-1938: Restoration of church and tower.
Additional remarks St Plechelm's Church is one of the oldest remaining Romanesque churches in the Netherlands. Part of the inventory is a Pietà (ca.1500), liturgical silver (a silver relic/head of St Plechelm), a pulpit (1700), several paintings, stained-glass windows and a nineteenth century organ made by J.F. Witte.
Burial ground
Location
Date of consecration
Date of clearance
Extant building remnants
Demolition
Additional remarks
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