Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Scenes from the Life of Christ with devotional portraits of two male members of a convent

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 3729
Name Scenes from the Life of Christ with devotional portraits of two male members of a convent
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Geneva, Rob Smeets - Old Master Paintings
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Triptych
Short description Triptych showing scenes from the Life of Christ with devotional portraits, heraldic shields and saint
Remarks about category Triptych: separation between portrait(s) - main image. The main image and wings differ in subject matter.
General date
General date 1500-1550
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Northern part of the Low Countries, artist from the
Original institution(s)
Still in original institution? no
Location inside the institution
In situ?
(Probable) original location
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks In view of the clothing of one of the portrayed men, the triptych must originally have been located in a convent of Canons Regular in the Northern Netherlands
Memorial piece
Function
  • liturgical/religious
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function memorial painting; altar?
Change in function
Remarks about function Given its size, the triptych may have served as a travelling altar
Name
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [6946] unknown male member of a convent (male)
  • [6945] unknown male member of a convent (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons unknown
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • wood (panel)
Specification oil on panel
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 74 x 92 x 0
Completeness Complete. Original frame.
Condition In overall good condition
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
  • one or more effigies/portraits painted over
Specification The man on the exterior right wing, wearing a grey habit, was painted over with a man dressed in the brown habit of the Franciscan Order. The overpainting was revealed during a recent cleaning of the triptych (early 2010s).
Additional remarks The given dimensions are the dimensions including the frame
Provenance
Provenance Prof. Emil Wieland-Burckhardt (1876-1960), Basel; by descent.
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Information provided by Rob Smeets - Old Master Paintings

Exterior left wing of triptych of [3729] Scenes from the Life of Christ with devotional portraits of two male members of a convent

Indication of part
Indication of part Exterior left wing of triptych
Short description
Short description Mass of St Gregory
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 63 x 15 x 0
Date
Year ca.1520
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
Specification
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Geneva, Rob Smeets - Old Master Paintings
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Northern part of the Low Countries, artist from the
Attribution
  • style
Specification
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks The exteriors wings were painted by a different hand than that of the triptych's front panels
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Interior right wing of triptych of [3729] Scenes from the Life of Christ with devotional portraits of two male members of a convent

Indication of part
Indication of part Interior right wing of triptych
Short description
Short description Devotional portrait of a male member of a convent with St John the Baptist; Baptism of Christ in the Jordan (background)
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 63 x 15 x 0
Date
Year ca.1520
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
Specification
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Geneva, Rob Smeets - Old Master Paintings
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Northern part of the Low Countries, artist from the
Attribution
  • style
Specification
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Interior left wing of triptych of [3729] Scenes from the Life of Christ with devotional portraits of two male members of a convent

Indication of part
Indication of part Interior left wing of triptych
Short description
Short description St James the Lesser; one of Christ's apparitions to his disciples before the Ascension (?) (background)
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 63 x 15 x 0
Date
Year ca.1520
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
Specification
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Geneva, Rob Smeets - Old Master Paintings
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Northern part of the Low Countries, artist from the
Attribution
  • style
Specification
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks St James the Lesser is depicted with his usual attribute, the fuller club

Central panel of triptych (front) of [3729] Scenes from the Life of Christ with devotional portraits of two male members of a convent

Indication of part
Indication of part Central panel of triptych (front)
Short description
Short description Christ taking Leave of his Mother with two heraldic shields; Christ and the disciples on their way to Jerusalem (background)
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 65 x 36 x 0
Date
Year ca.1520
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
Specification Albrecht Dürer's woodcut of 1511 serves as terminus post quem (see Additional remarks below)
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Geneva, Rob Smeets - Old Master Paintings
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Northern part of the Low Countries, artist from the
Attribution
  • style
Specification
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The kneeling woman in the lower left corner is derived from Albrecht Dürer's 'Christ taking Leave of his Mother', a 1511 woodcut from the Small Passion series (no. 5)

Exterior right wing of triptych of [3729] Scenes from the Life of Christ with devotional portraits of two male members of a convent

Indication of part
Indication of part Exterior right wing of triptych
Short description
Short description Mass of St Gregory with devotional portrait of a male member of a convent
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 63 x 15 x 0
Date
Year ca.1520
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
Specification
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Geneva, Rob Smeets - Old Master Paintings
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Northern part of the Low Countries, artist from the
Attribution
  • style
Specification
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks The exteriors wings were painted by a different hand than that of the triptych's front panels
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Interior right wing of triptych
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait in the centre (foreground)
Portrait of
Name unknown male member of a convent
Sex male
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing clothes of a member of a convent
Short description white habit
Attributes
Attributes
  • not recognizable
  • (ecclesiastical) vestments
Specification black almuce covering his shoulders; unidentified object on the ground (same object held by St Peter on the central panel: a book in a bag?)
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The portrayed man wears a tonsure. His clothes identify him as a Canon Regular.
Indication of part
Indication of part Exterior right wing of triptych
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait in the centre (foreground)
Portrait of
Name unknown male member of a convent
Sex male
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing clothes of a member of a convent
Short description grey habit
Attributes
Attributes
  • no general attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The portrayed man does not have a tonsure: he is a lay brother. He may have been a member of the third order of Canons Regular, given that the other portrayed man (interior right wing) is a Canon Regular.

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Central panel of triptych (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the window on the left, shield on the left
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Marshalled arms (2 coats of arms in one shield per pale or per fess)
Specification
Shape of the shield Semicircular shield
Specification
Description of the shield Quarterly, I and IV: in blue a gold lion; II and III: plain? - (Gevierendeeld, I en IV: in blauw een gouden leeuw; II en III: effen?)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Not identified
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Central panel of triptych (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the window on the left, shield on the right
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Semicircular shield
Specification
Description of the shield In silver a gold bend - (In zilver een gouden schuinbalk)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Not identified
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Saint Portraits

Indication of the part
Indication of the part Interior right wing of triptych
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait Behind or near the portrayed person(s)
Specification of saint
Name John the Baptist
Sex male
Type of saint
  • unknown
Specification
Attributes
  • animal(s) (parts/products of, incl. mythical creatures)
Specification camel skin
Gesture
  • blessing gesture
  • hand on the shoulder or back of a commemorated person
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 6945
Personal details
Name unknown male member of a convent
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks
Social standing
Status member of a convent
Arguments
  • clothing of the portrayed person
Specification professed monk
Member of a convent
Religious order Canons Regular
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 6946
Personal details
Name unknown male member of a convent
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks
Social standing
Status member of a convent
Arguments
  • clothing of the portrayed person
Specification lay brother (converse brother)
Member of a convent
Religious order Canons Regular
Specification possibly a member of the third order of Canons Regular
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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