Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Hospital

Leprooshuis in Leiden, Zuid-Holland, NL

MeMO institution ID and name
MeMO institution ID 379
Name (Dutch) Leprooshuis
Name (English) Leprosy House
Patron saint(s)
Additional remarks
Location (according to current geography)
Province Zuid-Holland, NL - Netherlands
Settlement Leiden
Coordinates 94/464
Diocese before 1559 Utrecht
Diocese after 1559 Utrecht
Parish Leiden
Date of foundation ca.1385-1399
Founder(s) or main benefactor(s) Leiden city council
Hospital or orphanage > Character of the institution
  • sick men
  • sick women
  • laymen
  • laywomen
Phases in the institutional history 1385: First mention of a group of lepers ('die zieke lude'), who lived in a community outside the city walls. There seems to have been some kind of continuous occupation on the site, but no formal institution. 1399: The city council donated a piece of land to construct a building for the lepers upon, probably the same location where they had lived before. 1432: Appointment of two hospital masters ('ziekhuismeesters'), four from 1515 onwards. 1547: The hospital was opened for all lepers from the villages surrounding Leiden, provided the parishes donated collects to the hospital. 1562: Relocation to the bankrupt Monastery of St Agatha outside the city. ca.1570: Relocation to the former St Catherine's Monastery inside the city. 1576: Relocation to the former Monastery Nazareth. 1593: Merged with St Elisabeth's and Our Lady's Hospital, relocation to the former St Ursula's Monastery.
Date of dissolution/transition to secular management 1593
Additional remarks
Extant memorial objects and/or texts concerning memoria
Memorial objects
Text carriers
Type of extant material institution archive/archival material
Storage in one place
Short description of the material Inventory 0504: Inventaris van de archieven van de Gasthuizen, 1311-1873. Section IV: Inventaris van het Leprozenhuis.
Holding institution(s)
Name Erfgoed Leiden en Omstreken (formerly known as: Regionaal Archief Leiden)
Settlement Leiden, Zuid-Holland, NL
Additional remarks
  • Ladan, Rudolph, Gezondheidszorg in Leiden in de late middeleeuwen (Hilversum 2012)
  • Ligtenberg, C., De armezorg te Leiden tot aan het einde van de 16e eeuw (The Hague 1908), 124-157

Building history

General date of construction >1399
Church or chapel(s)
Burial ground
Date of consecration
Date of clearance
Extant building remnants
Demolition ca.1562
Additional remarks
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