Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Chasuble commemorating (a member of) the Grauwert family

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 3898
Name Chasuble commemorating (a member of) the Grauwert family
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Utrecht, Museum Catharijneconvent
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Liturgical vestment
Short description Chasuble with a double Y-shaped orphrey cross showing scenes from the Passion of Christ and a heraldic shield
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1525-1550
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Oostsanen, Jacob Cornelisz. van
Original institution(s)
Original institution [21] St. Maartenskerk (Domkerk) (St Martin´s Church (Dom Cathedral)), Utrecht
Arguments
  • based on research
Specification Possible original institution. There were two connections between the Domkerk (Dom Cathedral) and the Grauwert family: 1) Antonius Grauwert (1514-1554) was a canon at the church; 2) the church housed a chapel which was founded by Wouter Grauwert (†1456), dean at the St. Salvatorkerk (St Saviour's Church) in Utrecht.
Original institution [32] St. Salvatorkerk (Oudmunster) (St Saviour's Church), Utrecht
Arguments
  • based on research
Specification Possible original institution. The St. Salvatorkerk (St Saviour's Church) housed a chapel which was named after Wouter Grauwert (†1456), dean of the church.
Still in original institution? no
Location inside the institution
In situ?
(Probable) original location
  • in the church/chapel (exact location unknown)
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
  • liturgical/religious
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function in use during liturgical services
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name (a member of) the Grauwert family
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [7221] Antonius Grauwert? (male)
  • [7220] Wouter Grauwert? (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons
Relation specification
Additional remarks The heraldic shield is that of the Grauwert family from Utrecht. Canon Antonius Grauwert (1514-1554) is often mentioned as the one who is commemorated by the shield, in view of the date of the chasuble. It is however also possible that the shield refers to dean Wouter Grauwert (d. 1456), see Commissioning Party.
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks The chasuble may have been commissioned by Antonius Grauwert, for instance when he was appointed chantry priest in 1534. Another possibility is that it was commissioned after the death of Wouter Grauwert, to be used in one of the two chapels that bore his name. In that case, the donation of the chasuble was either done by his family or was the completion of a foundation which Wouter Grauwert had founded before his death.
Material(s)
  • (semi-)precious metal(s)
  • textile
Specification red velvet; linen; (floss) silk; gold thread
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 127 x 73 x 0
Completeness The red velvet is not original
Condition The embroidery on the front of the chasuble is worn
Conservation The medieval orphreys were applied to a new piece of red velvet around 1800. The velvet was cut into a fiddleback shape. Loose threads were secured during restoration in 1987.
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks The orphreys are embroidered. Made in the Northern Netherlands.
Provenance
Provenance Domkerk (Dom Cathedral) or St. Salvatorkerk (St Saviour's Church), Utrecht; Grote of St. Lebuïnuskerk (St Lebuinus's Church) or Broederenkerk, Deventer; Aartsbisschoppelijk Museum, Utrecht (1928); Museum Catharijneconvent, Utrecht (since 1976)
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Bueren, T. van, Leven na de dood: gedenken in de late Middeleeuwen (Turnhout 1999), 175; cat. no. 42
  • Defoer, H.L.M.; Bodt, S.F.M. de; Caron, M.L. et al., Schilderen met gouddraad en zijde (Utrecht 1987), 53, 59, 115; cat. no. 39
  • Dijk, Corinne van; Holterman, Bart, Schenkingen van liturgische gewaden; objectbeschrijvingen, http://memo.hum.uu.nl/liturgischegewaden/?id=objecten
  • Filedt Kok, J.P.; Halsema-Kubes, W.; Kloek, W.Th., Kunst voor de beeldenstorm: Noordnederlandse kunst, 1525-1580, vol. II (The Hague 1986), 137-138; cat. no. 24
  • Jansen, Béatrice, Laat Gotisch borduurwerk in Nederland (The Hague 1948), 33, 142-143; cat. no. 100
  • Leeflang, M.; Schooten, K. van, Middeleeuwse borduurkunst uit de Nederlanden (Zwolle 2015), 44, 237-239; cat. no. 76
  • Staal, Casper, De kleuren van de liturgische gewaden in twee Utrechtse kapittelkerken, de Dom en de Oudmunsterkerk, Jaarboek Oud Utrecht (1993), 20-44, 23
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks In Deventer, the chasuble was part of a set of liturgical vestments. These vestments did not originally belong together for they all show different types of orphreys.

Liturgical vestment (back) of [3898] Chasuble commemorating (a member of) the Grauwert family

Indication of part
Indication of part Liturgical vestment (back)
Short description
Short description Red chasuble with a Y-shaped orphrey cross showing a heraldic shield, the Crucifixion, the Deposition and the Entombment (from top to bottom)
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 127 x 73 x 0
Date
Year ca.1525-1535
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
Specification
Additional remarks The orphreys date from ca. 1525-1535; the red velvet is dated to around 1800.
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Museum Catharijneconvent
Collection
Collection identifier ABM t02093b
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Oostsanen, Jacob Cornelisz. van
Attribution
  • style
Specification
Assignment
Role designer
Specification
Additional remarks by or after Jacob Cornelisz. van Oostsanen
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Liturgical vestment (front) of [3898] Chasuble commemorating (a member of) the Grauwert family

Indication of part
Indication of part Liturgical vestment (front)
Short description
Short description Red chasuble with a Y-shaped orphrey cross showing the Arrest of Christ, Christ before Pilate and Christ carrying the Cross (from bottom to top)
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 127 x 73 x 0
Date
Year ca.1525-1535
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
Specification
Additional remarks The orphreys date from ca. 1525-1535; the red velvet is dated to around 1800.
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Museum Catharijneconvent
Collection
Collection identifier ABM t02093b
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Oostsanen, Jacob Cornelisz. van
Attribution
  • style
Specification
Assignment
Role designer
Specification
Additional remarks by or after Jacob Cornelisz. van Oostsanen
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Liturgical vestment (back)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry on the Y-shaped orphrey cross, at the top (back of the chasuble)
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield Per fess, A: plain (gold?); B: in red three gold seeded silver roses, 2-1 (Doorsneden, A: effen (goud?); B: in rood drie zilveren rozen, goud geknopt, 2-1)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Grauwert
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 7220
Personal details
Name Wouter Grauwert?
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1456
Additional remarks Wouter Grauwert founded a chapel in the Domkerk (Dom Cathedral) in Utrecht. Furthermore, a chapel in the St. Salvatorkerk (St Saviour's Church) in Utrecht was named after him.
Social standing
Status secular clergy
Arguments
  • according to literature
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy canon
Specification dean at the St. Salvatorkerk (St Saviour's Church) in Utrecht
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 7221
Personal details
Name Antonius Grauwert?
Sex male
Year/date of birth 1514
Year/date of death 1554
Additional remarks
Social standing
Status secular clergy
Arguments
  • according to literature
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy canon
Specification chantry priest (1534) and canon (1551) at the Domkerk (Dom Cathedral) in Utrecht
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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