Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Chapter

Grote of Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk in Breda, Noord-Brabant, NL

MeMO institution ID and name
MeMO institution ID 392
Name (Dutch) Grote of Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk
Name (English) Our Lady's Church (Grote Kerk)
Patron saint(s)
  • Our Lady
  • Barbara
Additional remarks Also St Barbara is mentioned as patron saint (original parish church).
Location (according to current geography)
Province Noord-Brabant, NL - Netherlands
Settlement Breda
Coordinates 113/400A
Diocese before 1559 Liege
Diocese after 1559 Antwerp
Parish Breda
Date of foundation 1303
Type of chapter residing in a parish church
Founder(s) or main benefactor(s)
Number of prebends 0
Phases in the institutional history A parish of Breda is mentioned for the first time in 1269. The Lord of Breda possessed the right of collation. St Barbara was probably the first patron saint of this church. Later Our Lady became patron saint. The chapter was founded in 1303. In 1637 the church was given definitely to the protestants. The chapter was dissolved in 1648.
Date of transition (to secular management)
Date of dissolution 1648
Additional remarks
Extant memorial objects and/or texts concerning memoria
Memorial objects
Text carriers
Type of extant material institution archive/archival material
Storage
Short description of the material Collection identifier III-27: Archief van het kapittel, de pastoor en de kapelaans van de Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk te Breda.
Holding institution(s)
Name Stadsarchief Gemeente Breda
Settlement Breda, Noord-Brabant, NL
Website
Additional remarks
  • Beekman, A.A.; Veen, J.S. van, Geschiedkundige atlas van Nederland. De kerkelijke indeeling omstreeks 1550 tevens kloosterkaart III. De bisdommen Munster, Keulen en Luik; het bisdom Doornik (The Hague 1923), 32-33
  • Caspers, C., Grafmonument van Engelbrecht I, in: Margry, P.J., Bedevaartplaatsen in Nederland II: Noord-Brabant (Amsterdam - Hilversum 1998), 189-194
  • Frijters, John, De Grote Kerk van Breda : ontmoetingsplaats, ori├źntatiepunt en centrum van geestelijk leven ([Zutphen] : Walburg Pers 1998)
  • Gooskens, F.A., De kanunniken verbonden aan de collegiale kerk te Breda 1303-1504, Jaarboek De Oranjeboom 34 (), 4-83
  • IJsseling, J.M.F. e.a., Bijdragen over de Grote Kerk te Breda (Breda 1969)
  • IJsseling, J.M.F., Grote of O.L. Vrouwekerk (thans N.H.), in: Margry, P.J., Bedevaartplaatsen in Nederland II: Noord-Brabant (Amsterdam - Hilversum 1998), 185-188
  • Wezel, G.W.C van; Blanc, P.M Le; Koldeweij, Adrianus Maria, De Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekerk en de grafkapel voor Oranje-Nassau te Breda ; De Nederlandsche monumenten van geschiedenis en kunst : ge├»llustreerde beschrijving (Zeist : Rijksdienst voor de Monumentenzorg Zwolle : Waanders 2003)
Links

Building history

General date of construction 1400-1500
Church or chapel(s)
Name Breda, Our Lady's Church
Date of foundation ca.1410
Date of consecration
Short history of the building stages Our Lady's Church is a large curciform stone basilica in Gothic style with a tall west tower. <1400: Remnants of a predecessor of the current church (fourteenth century). Ca. 1410: Construction of the present church (choir). 1440-1468: Construction of the transept, nave and side chapels (apart from the westernmost bays). 1457: Demolition of the original (?) tower. 1468- 1509: Construction of the western tower (97 m). 1526 -1536: Construction of the ambulatory. 1533: Construction of Our Lady's Chapel ('Prinsenkapel'). 1536: Construction of the Blessed Sacrament's Chapel. Construction of the sacristy and chapter against the southern wall of the chapel. 1904-1968: Restoration of the church (in stages). 1997: Restoration. 1843-1848, 1870-1880, 1904-1968 (in stages), 1995-1997: Restoration of the tower.
Additional remarks Until the reformation the Lords of Breda (and family) - the Nassau dynasty and their predecessors - were buried in Our Lady's Church. The inventory counts numerous tombs in Gothic and Renaissance style; stalls, choir screen and pulpit (i oak); a brass baptismal font; wall paintings; a retable; bells.
Burial ground
Location
Date of consecration
Date of clearance
Extant building remnants
Demolition
Additional remarks
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