Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Wings of a memorial painting (polyptych) with John the Baptist, John the Evangelist on Patmos, the Vision of Emperor Augustus and an overpainted devotional portrait

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 4019
Name Wings of a memorial painting (polyptych) with John the Baptist, John the Evangelist on Patmos, the Vision of Emperor Augustus and an overpainted devotional portrait
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • 's-Hertogenbosch, Museum Het Zwanenbroedershuis
  • Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum
  • Madrid, Museo Fundación Lázaro Galdiano
  • Berlin, Staatliche Museen
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Wing(s) of a former diptych/triptych/polyptych
Short description Wings showing John the Baptist, John the Evangelist on Patmos (twice), the Vision of Emperor Augustus and an overpainted devotional portrait
Remarks about category In its original state it was a polyptych with two pairs of double wings (see reconstruction images). It was an extended sculptural and painted ensemble that took over fifty years to complete. Today only a few parts of this object survive.
General date
General date 1475-1550
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Wesel, Adriaen van
  • Bosch, Jheronimus
Original institution(s)
Original institution [733] Illustre Lieve Vrouwe Broederschap (Zwanenbroederschap), St. Jan (Our Lady's Confraternity (Swan Confraternity), St John's Cathedral), 's-Hertogenbosch
Arguments
  • based on research (literature, archival or archaeological research)
Specification The altarpiece of the Brotherhood of Our Lady is mentioned in the accounts of the brotherhood, as well as in a Latin chronicle from around 1550, and in J.B. Gramayes, Taxandria (1604). See literature: Ilsink (2016).
Still in original institution? no
Location inside the institution
In situ?
(Probable) original location
  • on an altar
Argumentation According to a Latin Chronicle from 1550 it was located on the altar of the brotherhood's chapel in the Janskathedraal in 's-Hertogenbosch
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
  • liturgical/religious
Specification
Additional remarks According to a Latin chronicle from 1550 the altarpiece showed two images. On working days the painted image was visible, while on feast days the "golden story is shown". By that, the chronicle probably refers to the sculpted interior of the altarpiece, which was gilded. When the altarpiece was opened, the sculpted figures of Augustus and John the Evangelist would both be looking at the statue of the Madonna on top of the altarpiece. The Madonna with the Christ Child was carried during annual processions, and was central to the brotherhood's worship. It was always visible, regardless of whether the altarpiece was opened or closed. This statue was also depicted on the brotherhood's fourteenth-century seal.
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function The remaining parts belonged to an altarpiece. It was possibly also intended to serve as a memorial piece, but the portrayed person was already overpainted during the production process, see Portraits.
Change in function
Remarks about function According to Ilsink (2016, note 6) altarpieces with two pairs of double doors were as prestigious as they were exceptional. There are only a few known Flemish and Brabant examples. The polyptych of the Brotherhood of Our Lady was therefore undoubtedly a statement of status.
Name Brotherhood of Our Lady in 's-Hertogenbosch
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [7518] Jan van Vladeracken? (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
  • [733] Illustre Lieve Vrouwe Broederschap (Zwanenbroederschap), St. Jan (Our Lady's Confraternity (Swan Confraternity), St John's Cathedral), 's-Hertogenbosch
Relation between commemorated persons members of a cooperation/confraternity
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name Brotherhood of Our Lady in 's-Hertogenbosch
Composition of the commissioning party
  • members of a cooperation/confraternity
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
  • [7518] Jan van Vladeracken? (male)
Commissioning Institution(s)
  • [733] Illustre Lieve Vrouwe Broederschap (Zwanenbroederschap), St. Jan (Our Lady's Confraternity (Swan Confraternity), St John's Cathedral), 's-Hertogenbosch
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party The commissioning party was the commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks Jan van Vladeracken paid for the large set of lower wings of the altarpiece of the Brotherhood of Our Lady in 1488/1489. Other members of the Brotherhood also paid for the commission, which was completed in phases.
Material(s)
  • wood
Specification Oil on oak wood (painted panels), oak wood with traces of polychromy (wood carvings)
Traces of polychromy? Traces of polychromy and gilding present on the wood carvings by Adriaen van Wesel
Reuse of older objects On top of the polyptych there was an older, now lost statue of the Virgin (14th or 15th century), that was always carried during an annual procession
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth
Completeness The polyptych consisted of the following parts (listed by date): a statue of the Madonna (probably 14th century, if not the 15th century) placed at the top of the altarpiece (lost); central case sculpted by Adriaen van Wesel in 1476-77 (several fragments survive); two large lower wings sculpted by Adriaen van Wesel in 1476-77 (lost); two upper small wings sculpted by Adriaen van Wesel in ca. 1475/77 (surviving); two unknown scenes painted on the backs of Adriean van Wesel's small sculpted wings (lost); two large exterior wings painted by Jheronimus Bosch in 1488/89? (lost); two exterior small wings painted by Jheronimus Bosch in 1490-95 (surviving, but one was cropped and lost its reverse side); two panels (attached to the backs of Adriean van Wesel's large sculpted wings?) by Gielis Panhedel (also known as 'Gillis van den Bossche', and brother-in-law to Merten Mertens de Greve, master of the brotherhood) in ca. 1521-22 (lost, but copies remain); a tabernacle for the statue of the Madonna at the top of the altarpiece, made in 1547/48 (lost).
Condition Exterior small left wing: all four sides of this panel were cropped. The original reverse side has not been preserved, because the panel was thinned and cradled. Exterior small right wing: both sides almost completely preserved, not cropped.
Conservation
Technical research
  • research of paint layers
  • infrared reflectography (IRR)
  • dating by dendrochronology
  • X-ray
  • determination of type of wood
  • Visible spectrum light (VIS) photography with extremely high resolution
Specification (technical research) Full technical report of the panels by Jheronimus Bosch in Hoogstede (2016)
Alterations
Alterations
  • one or more effigies/portraits painted over
Specification A portrait on the panel showing John the Baptist was painted over very early during the production process of the polyptych
Additional remarks For the possible copies of the large panels by Gielis Panhedel, see: https://rkd.nl/nl/explore/images/50038 and https://rkd.nl/nl/explore/images/50039
Provenance
Provenance Originally intended for the chapel of the Brotherhood of Our Lady in the Janskathedraal in 's-Hertogenbosch, the large altarpiece was removed from the chapel for safekeeping in 1566 during an outbreak of iconoclastic violence. Its various parts were cleaned and stored at the Brotherhood of Our Lady's house, before it was placed back in the chapel. In 1629 it was removed from the cathedral permanently, when the building came under Protestant control. What happened next is unknown, but over the course of the nineteenth century parts of the altarpiece ended up in various parts of Brabant and in British collections. The altarpiece cases with the carved Saint John on Patmos and the Vision of Emperor Augustus are the only elements still owned by the Brotherhood of Our Lady. This is the provenance of the other still surviving parts: Exterior small left wing with John the Baptist: 1920-1947 Don José Lázaro Galdiano; since 1948 Madrid, Museo Lázaro Galdiano; 1936-49 loaned to Museum Boymans, Rotterdam. Exterior small right wing with John the Evangelist on Patmos and Passion Scenes: Stansted Hall, William Fuller Maitland; 1907 Gemäldegalerie, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin. For the provenance of the sculptural fragments presently in the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam, see the link to the Rijksmuseum online collection listed in the "part" descriptions.
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Hoogstede, Luuk, et al., Hieronymus Bosch, Painter and Draughtsman. Technical Studies (New Haven and London 2016), 108-129; no. 5-6
  • Ilsink, Matthijs, et al., Hieronymus Bosch, Painter and Draughtsman. Catalogue Raisonné (New Haven and London 2016), 160-179; no. 5-6
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks See also: http://boschproject.org

Interior inner left wing of polyptych of [4019] Wings of a memorial painting (polyptych) with John the Baptist, John the Evangelist on Patmos, the Vision of Emperor Augustus and an overpainted devotional portrait

Indication of part
Indication of part Interior inner left wing of polyptych
Short description
Short description Upper small left wing, interior, showing the Vision of Emperor Augustus
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 87 x 0 x 0
Date
Year ca.1475-1477
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification The accounts of the Brotherhood of Our Lady follow the production of the altarpiece very closely, and this gives us the date 1475-1477. The polychromy and gilding was added in ca. 1510.
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution 's-Hertogenbosch, Museum Het Zwanenbroedershuis
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Wesel, Adriaen van
Attribution
  • style
  • according to literature
Specification This sculptor is mentioned in the accounts of the brotherhood that commissioned the work. Both wings also match Van Wesel's style
Assignment
Role not specified
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Emperor Augustus is accompanied by the Sibyl of Tibur. In its opened state both figures would have been looking at the statue of the Madonna, standing on top of the altarpiece

Part of a polyptych of [4019] Wings of a memorial painting (polyptych) with John the Baptist, John the Evangelist on Patmos, the Vision of Emperor Augustus and an overpainted devotional portrait

Indication of part
Indication of part Part of a polyptych
Short description
Short description Fragment of the polyptych showing part of a Nativity scene with the Virgin
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 38 x 16 x 11
Date
Year ca.1475-1477
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification The accounts of the Brotherhood of Our Lady follow the production of the altarpiece very closely, and this gives us the date 1475-1477.
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum
Collection
Collection identifier BK-NM-11713
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Wesel, Adriaen van
Attribution
  • style
  • according to literature
Specification This sculptor is mentioned in the accounts of the brotherhood that commissioned the work. The object also matches Van Wesel's style.
Assignment
Role not specified
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Part of a polyptych of [4019] Wings of a memorial painting (polyptych) with John the Baptist, John the Evangelist on Patmos, the Vision of Emperor Augustus and an overpainted devotional portrait

Indication of part
Indication of part Part of a polyptych
Short description
Short description Fragment of the polyptych showing the Dormition
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 77 x 59 x 24
Date
Year ca.1475-1477
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification The accounts of the Brotherhood of Our Lady follow the production of the altarpiece very closely, and this gives us the date 1475-1477.
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum
Collection
Collection identifier BK-NM-11859
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Wesel, Adriaen van
Attribution
  • style
  • according to literature
Specification This sculptor is mentioned in the accounts of the brotherhood that commissioned the work. The object also matches Van Wesel's style.
Assignment
Role not specified
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Interior outer left wing of polyptych of [4019] Wings of a memorial painting (polyptych) with John the Baptist, John the Evangelist on Patmos, the Vision of Emperor Augustus and an overpainted devotional portrait

Indication of part
Indication of part Interior outer left wing of polyptych
Short description
Short description Interior of the exterior small left wing showing John the Baptist and an overpainted portrait
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 49 x 41 x 0
Date
Year 1490-1495
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
  • based on historical and/or technical research
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification Dendrochronological research gives an earliest possible date for this panel of 1476. Because this panel was cropped, some growth rings are missing from the wood, which has consequences for the dendrochronological dating of this panel. However the similarities in both the panels by Bosch are such, that they were probably made at the same time. The accounts of the Brotherhood of Our Lady follow the production of the altarpiece very closely, and this gives us the date 1490-1495. Also of note: Jheronimus Bosch joined the brotherhood in 1487-88 as a sworn brother.
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Madrid, Museo Fundación Lázaro Galdiano
Collection
Collection identifier 8155
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Bosch, Jheronimus
Attribution
  • style
  • signature
  • according to literature
Specification This painter is mentioned in the accounts of the brotherhood that commissioned the work. Both panels also match Bosch's style, and the panel currently in Berlin bears his signature.
Assignment
Role designer and craftsman
Specification
Additional remarks All the costs incurred for the altarpiece were meticulously recorded in the brotherhood's accounts. Despite this, no reference is made anywhere of Jheronimus Bosch's activities, or of the construction of the upper part of the altarpiece. It leads Ilsink (2016) to conclude that it was either paid for by individual members of the brotherhood, or that Bosch did not charge anything for his work.
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks All four sides of this panel were cropped. The original reverse side has not been preserved, because the panel was thinned and cradled.

Part of a polyptych of [4019] Wings of a memorial painting (polyptych) with John the Baptist, John the Evangelist on Patmos, the Vision of Emperor Augustus and an overpainted devotional portrait

Indication of part
Indication of part Part of a polyptych
Short description
Short description Fragment of the polyptych showing the three Wise Men meeting at the crossroads
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 77 x 91 x 20
Date
Year ca.1475-1477
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification The accounts of the Brotherhood of Our Lady follow the production of the altarpiece very closely, and this gives us the date 1475-1477.
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum
Collection
Collection identifier BK-1977-134-A
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Wesel, Adriaen van
Attribution
  • style
  • according to literature
Specification This sculptor is mentioned in the accounts of the brotherhood that commissioned the work. The object also matches Van Wesel's style.
Assignment
Role not specified
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Exterior outer right wing of polyptych of [4019] Wings of a memorial painting (polyptych) with John the Baptist, John the Evangelist on Patmos, the Vision of Emperor Augustus and an overpainted devotional portrait

Indication of part
Indication of part Exterior outer right wing of polyptych
Short description
Short description Exterior of the exterior small right wing showing Passion Scenes
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 63 x 43 x 0
Date
Year 1490-1495
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
  • based on historical and/or technical research
Specification Dendrochronological research gives an earliest possible date for this panel of 1491. The accounts of the Brotherhood of Our Lady follow the production of the altarpiece very closely, and this gives us the date 1490-1495. Also of note: Jheronimus Bosch joined the brotherhood in 1487-88 as a sworn brother.
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Berlin, Staatliche Museen
Collection Gemäldegalerie
Collection identifier 1647A
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Bosch, Jheronimus
Attribution
  • style
  • according to literature
  • signature
Specification This painter is mentioned in the accounts of the brotherhood that commissioned the work. Both panels also match Bosch's style, and the panel currently in Berlin bears his signature.
Assignment
Role designer and craftsman
Specification
Additional remarks This also appears to be the earliest work signed by this artist. All the costs incurred for the altarpiece were meticulously recorded in the brotherhood's accounts. Despite this, no reference is made anywhere of Jheronimus Bosch's activities, or of the construction of the upper part of the altarpiece. It leads Ilsink (2016) to conclude that it was either paid for by individual members of the brotherhood, or that Bosch did not charge anything for his work.
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks In semi-grisaille this panel shows a pelican in the centre, pecking at its own breast to feed its blood to its young. Arranged in a circle around this scene, are the following eight Passion Scenes: the Agony in the Garden, the Kiss of Judas, Christ before Pilate, the Flagellation, the Crowning with Thorns, Christ Carrying the Cross, the Crucifixion, and the Entombment. Surrounding all of this is a great darkness filled with barely visible monstrous figures.

Part of a polyptych of [4019] Wings of a memorial painting (polyptych) with John the Baptist, John the Evangelist on Patmos, the Vision of Emperor Augustus and an overpainted devotional portrait

Indication of part
Indication of part Part of a polyptych
Short description
Short description Fragment of the polyptych showing the Visitation
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 52 x 68 x 17
Date
Year ca.1475-1477
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification The accounts of the Brotherhood of Our Lady follow the production of the altarpiece very closely, and this gives us the date 1475-1477.
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum
Collection
Collection identifier BK-NM-11394
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Wesel, Adriaen van
Attribution
  • style
  • according to literature
Specification This sculptor is mentioned in the accounts of the brotherhood that commissioned the work. The object also matches Van Wesel's style.
Assignment
Role not specified
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Part of a polyptych of [4019] Wings of a memorial painting (polyptych) with John the Baptist, John the Evangelist on Patmos, the Vision of Emperor Augustus and an overpainted devotional portrait

Indication of part
Indication of part Part of a polyptych
Short description
Short description Fragment of the polyptych showing part of a Nativity scene with Joseph and three angels
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 45 x 38 x 24
Date
Year ca.1475-1477
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification The accounts of the Brotherhood of Our Lady follow the production of the altarpiece very closely, and this gives us the date 1475-1477.
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum
Collection
Collection identifier BK-NM-11647
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Wesel, Adriaen van
Attribution
  • style
  • according to literature
Specification This sculptor is mentioned in the accounts of the brotherhood that commissioned the work. The object also matches Van Wesel's style.
Assignment
Role not specified
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Interior inner right wing of polyptych of [4019] Wings of a memorial painting (polyptych) with John the Baptist, John the Evangelist on Patmos, the Vision of Emperor Augustus and an overpainted devotional portrait

Indication of part
Indication of part Interior inner right wing of polyptych
Short description
Short description Upper small right wing, interior, showing John the Evangelist on Patmos
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 87 x 0 x 0
Date
Year ca.1475-1477
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification The accounts of the Brotherhood of Our Lady follow the production of the altarpiece very closely, and this gives us the date 1475-1477. The polychromy and gilding was added in ca. 1510.
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution 's-Hertogenbosch, Museum Het Zwanenbroedershuis
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Wesel, Adriaen van
Attribution
  • style
  • according to literature
Specification This sculptor is mentioned in the accounts of the brotherhood that commissioned the work. Both wings also match Van Wesel's style
Assignment
Role not specified
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks In its opened state the angel would have been pointing at the statue of the Madonna, standing on top of the altarpiece

Interior outer right wing of polyptych of [4019] Wings of a memorial painting (polyptych) with John the Baptist, John the Evangelist on Patmos, the Vision of Emperor Augustus and an overpainted devotional portrait

Indication of part
Indication of part Interior outer right wing of polyptych
Short description
Short description Interior of the exterior small right wing showing John the Evangelist on Patmos
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 63 x 43 x 0
Date
Year 1490-1495
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
  • based on historical and/or technical research
Specification Dendrochronological research gives an earliest possible date for this panel of 1491. The accounts of the Brotherhood of Our Lady follow the production of the altarpiece very closely, and this gives us the date 1490-1495. Also of note: Jheronimus Bosch joined the brotherhood in 1487-88 as a sworn brother.
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Berlin, Staatliche Museen
Collection Gemäldegalerie
Collection identifier 1647A
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Bosch, Jheronimus
Attribution
  • style
  • signature
  • according to literature
Specification This painter is mentioned in the accounts of the brotherhood that commissioned the work. Both panels also match Bosch's style, and the panel currently in Berlin bears his signature.
Assignment
Role designer and craftsman
Specification
Additional remarks This also appears to be the earliest work signed by this artist. All the costs incurred for the altarpiece were meticulously recorded in the brotherhood's accounts. Despite this, no reference is made anywhere of Jheronimus Bosch's activities, or of the construction of the upper part of the altarpiece. It leads Ilsink (2016) to conclude that it was either paid for by individual members of the brotherhood, or that Bosch did not charge anything for his work.
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The figure in the top left is "the Virgin in the Sun". The Brotherhood of Our Lady commissioned several works of John on Patmos in combination with this particular visual image. It was an ideal devotional combination of the patron saint of the cathedral and the city (John the Evangelist), and the Virgin Mary, its own patron saint. See literature: Ilsink (2016).

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Interior outer left wing of polyptych
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait Centre of the panel
Portrait of
Name Jan van Vladeracken?
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on literature or archival research
Specification The identification isn't certain, but Jan van Vladeracken was the dean of the brotherhood in the year 1487/1488, the same year in which Jheronimus Bosch became a sworn brother. He was also one of the hosts of the Swan Banquet of that year.
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description brimless hat, fur-trimmed tabard
Attributes
Attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing his clothes are very similar to those of Peter van Os and Franco van Langel on the Ecce Homo tryptych (see MeMO object ID 772). Both were also members of the Brotherhood of Our Lady in 's-Hertogenbosch. It is therefore possible that, like them, this portrait would have also worn the insignia of the brotherhood on a chaperone. The insignia is a silver lily with a banderole containing the word 'sicut', a reference to the brotherhood's motto 'sicut lilium inter spinas' (like a lily among thorns).
Additional remarks the portrait was overpainted shortly after it was added to the panel, during the production process of the polyptych itself, for reasons unknown. This was done in Bosch's own workshop, possibly by Jheronimus Bosch himself. Perhaps because the polyptych was meant to commemorate the entire brotherhood and was being realised through the collective efforts of a large number of brothers, it was considered inappropriate to include it.

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 7518
Personal details
Name Jan van Vladeracken?
Sex male
Year/date of birth ca.1450
Year/date of death 1532
Additional remarks a local dignitary and an alderman in 's-Hertogenbosch for many year, who became a sworn member of the Brotherhood of Our Lady in 1475. He was the dean of the brotherhood in 1487/1488 and 1503/1504.
Social standing
Status social standing not certain/unknown
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks he paid for the large set of lower wings of the altarpiece of the Brotherhood of Our Lady in 1488/1489
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