Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Sarcophagus lid(?); floor slab of Tja[...]e, wife of Peter Banister, and possibly another person

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 404
Name Sarcophagus lid(?); floor slab of Tja[...]e, wife of Peter Banister, and possibly another person
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Franeker, Martinikerk
Category
Type Tomb monument, tomb slab or floor slab (physical object)
Classification Tomb slab or floor slab
Short description Tapered stone lid/slab with a staff-like motif surmounted by a worn heraldic shield which is flanked by fleurs-de-lis, a worn text field above, and an inscription along the edge
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1400-1425
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [44] St. Martinikerk (St Martin's Church), Franeker
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification
Still in original institution? probably yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? no
(Probable) original location
  • in the church/chapel (exact location unknown)
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function liturgical/religious
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function It is uncertain whether the object has always functioned as floor slab. The tapered shape and material of the object resembles that of the sarcophagus lids from the High Middle Ages. Furthermore, the decoration is reminiscent of the staff motifs on sarcophagus lids.
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Tya[...]e, Peter [B]anister wiif (Tja[...]e, wife of Peter Banister) and possibly another person
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [587] Tya[...]e, Peter [B]anister wiif (Tja[...]e, wife of Peter Banister) (female)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons unknown
Relation specification
Additional remarks • The text field at the top is illegible; unclear whether it contained a commemorative inscription. • The object may initially have commemorated other (older) persons, in case it originally functioned as sarcophagus slab.
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification red sandstone
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 209 x 75 x 11
Completeness Incomplete: a small piece missing at the upper right
Condition The upper half of the slab is worn and damaged, especially the top edge
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks Width: 75 cm at the top and 63 cm at the bottom
Provenance
Provenance
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Walle, Hessel de, Friezen uit vroeger eeuwen; Opschriften uit Friesland, 1280-1811 (Franeker 2007), 236; no. 1604
  • Zandveld, Frits, Register van grafzerken in de Martinikerk te Franeker, http://members.home.nl/frits.zandveld/zerken/zplatte.htm; no. 253
Other documentation
Register G. van der Heide (1993): record 253
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Tomb or floor slab (front) of [404] Sarcophagus lid(?); floor slab of Tja[...]e, wife of Peter Banister, and possibly another person

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Short description
Short description Tapered stone lid/slab with a staff-like motif surmounted by a worn heraldic shield which is flanked by fleurs-de-lis, a worn text field above, and an inscription along the edge
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 209 x 75 x 11
Date
Year 1418
Specified date 1418/11/10
Argumentation
  • date of death given on the object
Specification
Additional remarks The object may be of older date, in case it originally functioned as sarcophagus lid
Holding institution
Holding institution Franeker, Martinikerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The lid/slab is located in the northwest corner of the church, placed vertically against the northern wall, near column 30 (groundplan Zandveld)
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the upper half of the lid/slab
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early accolade shield
Specification
Description of the shield worn: per pale, I: the Frisian eagle; II: per fess, A: [?]; B: a fleur-de-lis(?) (gesleten: gedeeld, I: de Friese adelaar; II: doorsneden, A: [?]; B: een lelie(?))
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription along all four edges of the lid/slab
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Hier leit begraven Tya[...]e Peter [B]anister wiif ende starf in den jare ons heren M CCCC ende XIIX op sinte Martinus avont [...].
Translation
English translation Here lies buried Tja[...]e, wife of Peter Banister, end died in the year of Our Lord 1400 and 18, on the eve of the feastday of Saint Martin [...].
Dutch translation
Lay–out
Lay-out Raised Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Name [587] Tya[...]e, Peter [B]anister wiif (Tja[...]e, wife of Peter Banister) (female)
Sex female
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Name [588] Peter Banister (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is used as a reference
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • The inscription starts at the upper right. The inscription along the top is damaged and therefore illegible. • In literature, the first name of the woman is transcribed as 'Mary' which seems highly unlikely after comparing the first letter of the name to the M of 'Martinus'. Her name appears to begin with a T. Perhaps a variant of the name Tjaltje (Tyalie, Tyalte)?
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription in a text field at the top of the lid/slab
Language(s)
Languages
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription
Translation
English translation
Dutch translation
Lay–out
Lay-out
Inscription mentioning
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The inscription is badly worn and therefore illegible

Decorations

Indication of part
Indication of the part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • flowers/plants
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) a staff-like motif with a bipod base in the central field; fleurs-de-lis flanking the heraldic shield
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 587
Personal details
Name Tya[...]e, Peter [B]anister wiif (Tja[...]e, wife of Peter Banister)
Sex female
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1418/11/10
Additional remarks Perhaps Tjaltje? She was married to Peter Banister. Her husband may have been of English descent.
Social standing
Status social standing not certain/unknown
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 588
Personal details
Name Peter Banister
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks He was married to Maria
Social standing
Status social standing not certain/unknown
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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