Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Kneeling figure of Karel van Egmond, Duke of Guelders

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 489
Name Kneeling figure of Karel van Egmond, Duke of Guelders
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Arnhem, Grote of St. Eusebiuskerk
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Single piece (sculpture)
Short description Sculpture of Karel van Egmond, Duke of Guelders, kneeling in a case with folded hands
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1525-1550
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Calis, Johan van
Original institution(s)
Original institution [385] Grote of St. Eusebiuskerk (St Eusebius's Church), Arnhem
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? no
(Probable) original location
  • on a pillar
  • near another memorial object for the commemorated person(s) or relatives
  • in the choir
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location) The sculpture was originally located in the choir, where it was attached to the north pillar. The duke faced west, looking into the church. The sculpture was transferred to the southern ambulatory after World War II. The duke now faces east.
Additional remarks The tomb monument of Karel van Egmond was originally also situated in the choir, placed immediately above the burial vault of the duke. In 1964, the tomb monument was moved to the southern ambulatory.
Memorial piece
Function
  • liturgical/religious
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function memorial sculpture
Change in function
Remarks about function argument for function: sculpture was/is located near the tomb monument of Karel van Egmond
Name Karel van Egmond
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [724] Karel van Egmond, Duke of Guelders (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons no relation (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • textile
  • (semi-)precious metal(s)
  • wood
Specification wood; iron; paint; fabric
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth
Completeness Incomplete: the sword of the duke is missing (stolen during World War II)
Condition
Conservation The sculpture was almost completely destroyed during World War II. The suit of armour has been restored. It is the only remaining original element: the case and figure of Karel van Egmond are modern copies.
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance The sculpture has been in the church of old
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Portheine Jr., H., Het praalgraf van Karel van Egmond, Hertog van Gelre en Graaf van Zutphen, enz. in de St. Eusebius- of Groote Kerk te Arnhem (Arnhem 1913)
  • Schulte, A.G., De Grote of Eusebiuskerk in Arnhem (Utrecht 1994), 163-177
  • Vos, Rik; Leeman, Fred, Het nieuwe ornament ('s Gravenhage 1986), 163
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • According to Portheine (1913), this is not a real sculpture but rather “the head of a duke carved from wood, rising above the armour with the help of an iron bar". • The sculpture is popularly called 'de man in het kastje' ('the man in the case').

Single piece (front) of [489] Kneeling figure of Karel van Egmond, Duke of Guelders

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Short description
Short description Karel van Egmond, Duke of Guelders, kneeling in a case with folded hands
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth
Date
Year 1538
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date of death (from other sources)
Specification Karel van Egmond died in 1538
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Arnhem, Grote of St. Eusebiuskerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The sculpture is attached to a pillar in the southern ambulatory, near the tomb monument of Karel van Egmond
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Calis, Johan van
Attribution
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification document(s)
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks Van Calis made the suit of armour
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait in the centre of the case
Portrait of
Name Karel van Egmond, Duke of Guelders
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on literature or archival research
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal kneeling before a prie-dieu with folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing aristocratic/noble attire
Short description suit of armour including a helmet and gauntlets (on prie-dieu); skirt
Attributes
Attributes
  • no general attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks Karel van Egmond was originally depicted with a sword, which is now missing

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 724
Personal details
Name Karel van Egmond, Duke of Guelders
Sex male
Year/date of birth 1467
Year/date of death 1538
Additional remarks Also known as Karel van Egmont or Charles of Egmond. He was the son of Adolf van Egmond, Duke of Guelders and Count of Zutphen, and Catherine of Bourbon. Husband of Elisabeth of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1494-1572), with whom he had no children. However, Karel did father several illegitimate children. He died in Arnhem and it was the wish of the citizens of that town that he should be buried there: Karel himself had wanted to be buried elsewhere.
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
  • clothing of the portrayed person
  • according to literature
Specification Duke of Guelders and Count of Zutphen
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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