Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Tomb monument of Rudolf Huinga

Add extra information

MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 49
Name Tomb monument of Rudolf Huinga
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Uithuizermeeden, Mariakerk
Category
Type Tomb monument, tomb slab or floor slab (physical object)
Classification Tomb monument
Short description Stone wall/niche tomb with a recumbent male effigy on a bed of state, a skull in his hands and a lion at his feet, and inscriptions across the front of the black base
Remarks about category Originally a freestanding chest tomb
General date
General date 1550-1599
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [96] Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk (Our Lady's Church), Uithuizermeeden
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification The Huinga family lived in the 'Ungersma' house, near the village of Uithuizermeeden. The floor slabs of Rudolf and of his sister Ode also both remain in the local church.
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? no
(Probable) original location
  • near the high altar
Argumentation In 1845 the mortal remains of Rodolf and his sister Ode were found in the floor of the choir of the church, in the immediate vicinity of their floor slabs. The burial vault of the family was also situated in the choir, although it is not exactly known when this vault was constructed.
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks The tomb monument was originally freestanding, but since 1640 it has been situated against a wall (the south wall of the choir). In the 19th century the inscriptions on the back were moved to the front: see http://home.kpn.nl/ogroke2/index.htm.
Memorial piece
Function
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function liturgical/religious and didactic
Grave findings
Additional remarks inscription and/or decoration with a didactic statement, usually with references to the mortality of mankind/variations on ‘Remember that you will die’
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Rodolf Huinga (Rudolf Huinga)
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [45] Rodolf Huinga (Rudolf Huinga) (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons no relation (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification Sandstone
Traces of polychromy? The upper part is covered by a layer of white paint
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 170 x 90 x 237
Completeness
Condition Good condition
Conservation The tomb was restored in 1785
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Alma, Redmer, Groninger gedenkwaardigheden, http://www.redmeralma.nl; 469
  • Alma, Redmer, Portretzerken in Groningen, Groninger kerken 22 (2005), 105-108, 117-120, 118-119
  • Knottnerus, J., Oude Groninger kerken in beeld 2, http://home.kpn.nl/ogroke2/index.htm
  • Kroesen, Justin; Steensma, Regnerus, De Groninger cultuurschat - kerken van 1000 tot 1800 (Groningen/Assen 2008), 126
  • Pathuis, A., Groninger gedenkwaardigheden; teksten, wapens en huismerken van 1298-1814 (Assen/Amsterdam 1977), 134; no. 469
Other documentation
SKKN inv. no. 1680-14
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Chest tomb: base of [49] Tomb monument of Rudolf Huinga

Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: base
Short description
Short description A black base with inscriptions (black on white) and two white lion's heads
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth
Date
Year 1574
Specified date 1574/04/19
Argumentation
  • date of death given on the object
Specification
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Uithuizermeeden, Mariakerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The tomb is located in the choir of the church, against the south wall
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Chest tomb: tomb cover of [49] Tomb monument of Rudolf Huinga

Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: tomb cover
Short description
Short description Recumbent male effigy on a bed of state, a skull in his hands and a lion at his feet
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 237 x 90 x 0
Date
Year 1574
Specified date 1574/04/19
Argumentation
  • date of death given on the object
Specification
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Uithuizermeeden, Mariakerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The tomb is located in the choir of the church, against the south wall
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: tomb cover
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait full length of the upper structure
Portrait of
Name Rodolf Huinga (Rudolf Huinga)
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person deceased
Argumentation
  • on deathbed
Specification The skull and recumbent pose suggest death, yet the eyes of the effigy are open
Posture recumbent
Manner of portrayal Rudolf is situated on a bed of state with his eyes open, his left hand on a skull; crossed legs
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing aristocratic/noble attire
Short description The man is wearing his armour
Attributes
Attributes
  • skull
  • animal(s)
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing A lion lies at the feet of the effigy
Additional remarks Not visible on the photo is the side of the right hand of the effigy

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: base
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription on a text field below
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Ut manus artificis saxo superinduit arte / humani formam corporis egregiam, / non aliter Deus omnipotens et rector olympi / massae animam iungit corporeae aetheream. / Et quando aeternae mentis divina voluntas / sic iubet, horum iterum dissociatur amor / atque ut de terra mortalia corpora nata / sunt, ita rursus in hanc solvitur omnis homo.
Translation
English translation So the hand of the artist can make in stile from the crude stone a beautiful shape of the human figure, so God, almighty and exalted over the firmament, connects the corporeal mass to a heavenly soul. And when the divine will of the eternal spirit commands so, their desire falls apart again and, as the mortal bodies are born from the earth, so every man returns in it.
Dutch translation Gelijk des kunst'naars hand weet, uit de ruwe zerk / met smaak aan 't menselijk beeld een schonen vorm te geven, / zoo paart d' Almachtige, verheven boven 't zwerk / met 't lichaam eene ziel, bestemd voor beter leven. / En dit onzichtbaar snoer, dat beiden saam verbindt / wordt eens weer los gerukt, op hoog bevel des Heeren. / Gelijk de sterveling in 't stof zijn oorsprong vindt, / zoo zal zijn lichaam ook tot d' aarde wederkeren.
Lay–out
Lay-out Roman majuscules
Inscription mentioning
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Dutch translation by J.J. Damsté (pastor in Uithuizermeeden in the period 1799-1853, see: http://home.kpn.nl/ogroke2/index.htm).
Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: base
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription across the upper rim of the tomb
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin/Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription De E(rentfeste) E(dele) Jonkheer Rodolf Huinga op Ungersma obiit XIX Aprilis anno MDLXXIV. Nascendo morimur.
Translation
English translation The venerable [and] noble squire Rudolf Huinga at Ungersma died on April 19 in the year 1574. When we are born, we already die.
Dutch translation De achtbare [en] edele jonkheer Rudolf Huinga op Ungersma stierf op 19 april in het jaar 1574. Als wij geboren worden sterven wij reeds.
Lay–out
Lay-out Roman majuscules
Inscription mentioning
Name [45] Rodolf Huinga (Rudolf Huinga) (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The Huinga family lived in the 'Ungersma' house, near the village of Uithuizermeeden

Decorations

Indication of part
Indication of the part Chest tomb: base
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • mask(s)
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) Two white lion's heads between the inscriptions on the base, each with a ring in their mouth
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of the part Chest tomb: tomb cover
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • animals (heraldic beasts)
  • draperies
  • allegorical motifs
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s)
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 45
Personal details
Name Rodolf Huinga (Rudolf Huinga)
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1574
Additional remarks
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
Specification The Huingas were an important family in the Uithuizermeeden area and lived in the house (a so called 'borg') Ungersma near the village.
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Medieval Memoria Online v1.1 — © 2017 Utrecht University