Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Tomb monument of Rudolf Huinga

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 49
Name Tomb monument of Rudolf Huinga
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Uithuizermeeden, Mariakerk
Category
Type Tomb monument, tomb slab or floor slab (physical object)
Classification Tomb monument
Short description Stone wall/niche tomb with the effigy of a recumbent knight on a bed of state, a skull in his hand and a lion at his feet, and inscriptions across the front of the black base
Remarks about category Originally a freestanding chest tomb
General date
General date 1550-1600
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [96] Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk (Our Lady's Church), Uithuizermeeden
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification The Huinga family lived in Uithuizermeeden
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? no
(Probable) original location
  • in the choir
Argumentation The tomb monument was originally freestanding, but since 1640 it has been situated against a wall (the south wall of the choir). In 1845, Rudolf Huinga's remains were found underneath the choir.
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location) The tomb monument was located in the immediate vicinity of the floor slab of Rudolf Huinga and that of his sister Ode
Additional remarks The church used to house a funerary hatchment for Rudolf Huinga as well
Memorial piece
Function
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function liturgical/religious and didactic
Grave findings
Additional remarks Inscription and/or decoration with a didactic statement, usually with references to the mortality of mankind/variations on ‘Remember that you will die’
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Rudolf Huinga
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [45] Rudolf Huinga (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons not applicable (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification sandstone
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 170 x 90 x 237
Completeness
Condition Good condition
Conservation The tomb was restored in 1785. In the 19th century, the inscriptions on the back were moved to the front. The tomb was painted white in that same century.
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Alma, Redmer, Groninger gedenkwaardigheden, http://www.redmeralma.nl; 469
  • Alma, Redmer, Portretzerken in Groningen, Groninger kerken 22 (2005), 105-108, 117-120; 118-119
  • Alma, Redmer, Rudolf Huinga te Uithuizermeeden. De achtergrond van een bijzonder monument, Groninger kerken 33; 2 (2016), 49-52, 69-70
  • Formsma, W.J.; Luitjens-Dijkveld Stol, R.A.; Pathuis, A., De Ommelander borgen en steenhuizen (Assen 1973), 421
  • Knottnerus, J., Oude Groninger kerken in beeld 2, http://home.kpn.nl/ogroke2/index.htm
  • Kroesen, Justin; Steensma, Regnerus, De Groninger cultuurschat - kerken van 1000 tot 1800 (Groningen/Assen 2008), 126
  • Pathuis, A., Groninger gedenkwaardigheden; teksten, wapens en huismerken van 1298-1814 (Assen/Amsterdam 1977), 134; no. 469
Other documentation
SKKN: inv. no. 1680-14
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Chest tomb: base of [49] Tomb monument of Rudolf Huinga

Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: base
Short description
Short description A black base with inscriptions (black on white) and two white lion's heads
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth
Date
Year 1574
Specified date 1574/04/19
Argumentation
  • date of death given on the object
Specification
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Uithuizermeeden, Mariakerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The tomb is located in the choir of the church, against the south wall
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Chest tomb: tomb cover of [49] Tomb monument of Rudolf Huinga

Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: tomb cover
Short description
Short description A white tomb cover with the effigy of a recumbent knight on a bed of state, a skull in his hand and a lion at his feet
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 237 x 90 x 0
Date
Year 1574
Specified date 1574/04/19
Argumentation
  • date of death given on the object
Specification
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Uithuizermeeden, Mariakerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The tomb is located in the choir of the church, against the south wall
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: tomb cover
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait on the tomb cover
Portrait of
Name Rudolf Huinga
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person deceased
Argumentation
  • on deathbed
Specification The skull and recumbent pose suggest death, yet the eyes of the effigy are open
Posture recumbent
Manner of portrayal Full length on a bed of state with crossed legs
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing aristocratic/noble attire
Short description armour
Attributes
Attributes
  • skull
  • animal(s)
Specification The left hand of the effigy rests on a skull. A lion at his feet.
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks Rudolf Huinga is represented as a knight

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: base
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription across the upper rims
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin/Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription De E(rentfeste) E(dele) Jonkheer Rodolf Huinga op Ungersma obiit XIX Aprilis anno MDLXXIV. / Nascendo morimur.
Translation
English translation The venerable [and] noble squire Rudolf Huinga at Ungersma died on April 19 in the year 1574. / When we are born, we already die.
Dutch translation De achtbare [en] edele jonkheer Rudolf Huinga op Ungersma stierf op 19 april in het jaar 1574. / Als wij geboren worden sterven wij reeds.
Lay–out
Lay-out Roman majuscules
Inscription mentioning
Name [45] Rudolf Huinga (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The Huinga family lived at borg Ungersma, a fortified house in Uithuizermeeden
Indication of part
Indication of part Chest tomb: base
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription on a text field below
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Ut manus artificis saxo superinduit arte / humani formam corporis egregiam, / non aliter Deus omnipotens et rector olympi / massae animam iungit corporeae aetheream. / Et quando aeternae mentis divina voluntas / sic iubet, horum iterum dissociatur amor / atque ut de terra mortalia corpora nata / sunt, ita rursus in hanc solvitur omnis homo.
Translation
English translation As the hand of the artist can make in stile from the crude stone a beautiful shape of the human figure, so God, almighty and exalted over the firmament, connects the corporeal mass to a heavenly soul. And when the divine will of the eternal spirit commands so, their desire falls apart again and, as the mortal bodies are born from the earth, so every man returns in it.
Dutch translation Gelijk des kunst'naars hand weet, uit de ruwe zerk / met smaak aan 't menselijk beeld een schonen vorm te geven, / zoo paart d' Almachtige, verheven boven 't zwerk / met 't lichaam eene ziel, bestemd voor beter leven. / En dit onzichtbaar snoer, dat beiden saam verbindt / wordt eens weer los gerukt, op hoog bevel des Heeren. / Gelijk de sterveling in 't stof zijn oorsprong vindt, / zoo zal zijn lichaam ook tot d' aarde wederkeren.
Lay–out
Lay-out Roman majuscules
Inscription mentioning
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The Latin poem is in distichs. Versified Dutch translation by J.J. Damsté (Reformed minister in Uithuizermeeden in the period 1799-1853).

Decorations

Indication of part
Indication of the part Chest tomb: base
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • mask(s)
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) Two white lion's heads between the inscriptions on the base, each with a ring in their mouth
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of the part Chest tomb: tomb cover
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • animals (pets/other)
  • draperies
  • human figures (incl. skeletons and skulls)
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) A bed of state decorated with draperies. A skull in the effigy's hand and a lion at his feet.
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 45
Personal details
Name Rudolf Huinga
Sex male
Year/date of birth >1547
Year/date of death 1574/04/19
Additional remarks Son of Wolter Huinga and Anna Rengers, who married in 1547. Rudolf was a brother of Luert, Hidde, Jeye and Ode. The family first lived at De Wijert House near Helpman and later settled in Uithuizermeeden, at Tyadinga House (later known as borg Ungersma).
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
  • according to literature
Specification squire
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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