Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Monastery

Abdij Rolduc, Regulieren (Kloosterrade) in Kerkrade, Limburg, NL

MeMO institution ID and name
MeMO institution ID 491
Name (Dutch) Abdij Rolduc, Regulieren (Kloosterrade)
Name (English) Rolduc Abbey, Regular Canons (Kloosterrade)
Patron saint(s)
Additional remarks
Location (according to current geography)
Province Limburg, NL - Netherlands
Settlement Kerkrade
Coordinates 204/320AC
Diocese before 1559 Liege
Diocese after 1559 Liege
Parish Kerkrade
Date of foundation 1104
Founder(s) or main benefactor(s) Provost Richer(us)
Religious order
Type of religious order Canons Regular
Associated with
Type of institution men
Mother house
Name of the mother house
Phases in the institutional history 1104: Foundation of the abbey. 1111: Rule of St Augustine introduced by Richer, with practice of Rottenbuch (Regular Canons).
Date of transition to secular management
Date of dissolution 1804
Additional remarks Rolduc Abbey had jurisdiction over several Frisian monasteries of Regular Canons, including Ludingakerke.
Extant memorial objects and/or texts concerning memoria
Memorial objects
Text carriers
Type of extant material institution archive/archival material
Storage in one place
Short description of the material Maastricht, RHCL: 14.D004 - Abdij Kloosterrade (Rolduc). Size: 23,7 metre - 184 charters. Date: 1108-nineteenth century. Inventory: Haas, J.A.K. , Inventaris van de archieven en handschriften der abdij Kloosterrade. Inventarissenreeks RAL 36 (Maastricht 1986).
Holding institution(s)
Name Regionaal Historisch Centrum Limburg (RHCL)
Settlement Maastricht, Limburg, NL
Website
Additional remarks
  • Augustus, L., De abdij Rolduc en de Windesheimers, in: , Munsters in de Maasgouw. Archeologie en Kerkgeschiedenis in Limburg (Maastricht 1986), 184-196
  • Augustus, L., De vroege religieuze gemeenschap van Kloosterrade (Rolduc) en haar Consuetudines, Publications de la Société Historique et Archéologique dans le Limbourg 123 (1987),
  • Augustus, L.; Jamar, J.T.J., Annales Rodenses. Kroniek van Kloosterrade. Tekst en vertaling (Maastricht 1995)
  • Schoengen, M., Monasticon Batavum II De Augustijnsche orden, benevens de broeders en zusters van het gemeene leven (Amsterdam 1941), 161-163; Rolduc
Links

Building history

General date of construction
Church or chapel(s)
Name Kerkrade, Rolduc Abbey
Date of foundation 1104
Date of consecration 1108
Short history of the building stages 1108: Consecration of the crypt. 1130-1153: Construction of the nave, aisles, transept, and choir. <1200: Construction of the western front took place in the second half of the twelfth century. 1124: In the beginning of the thirteenth century, the aisles and nave were elongated, and the church was re-consecrated. 1586: Reconstruction of the roof of the nave after fire. 1624: Renovation. 1668: Construction of the spire. 1853, 1891-1902: Restauration of the church and reconstruction of the Romanesque choir by Pierre Cuypers. 1931, 1962, 1980: Restaurations.
Additional remarks
Burial ground
Location
Date of consecration
Date of clearance
Extant building remnants
Demolition
Additional remarks
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