Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Virgin and Child with devotional portrait of a canon

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 492
Name Virgin and Child with devotional portrait of a canon
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Utrecht, Centraal Museum
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Single piece (sculpture)
Short description Sculpture showing the Virgin and Child with devotional portrait, heraldic shield and saints
Remarks about category Single piece: separation between portrait(s) - main image
General date
General date 1450-1500
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Utrecht area, artist from the
Original institution(s)
Original institution [127] Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk (Mariakerk; Maria Maior) (Our Lady's Church), Utrecht
Arguments
  • based on research (literature, archival or archaeological research)
Specification
Still in original institution? no
Location inside the institution
In situ?
(Probable) original location
  • in the transept
  • in the nave
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
  • liturgical/religious
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function memorial sculpture
Change in function
Remarks about function argument for function: related to other work(s)
Name
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [729] unknown canon (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons no relation (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification Baumberg sandstone; paint
Traces of polychromy? yes
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 97 x 79 x 11
Completeness Largely complete
Condition In overall good condition, only minor damages. The head of the Christ Child is missing.
Conservation The Virgin's neck and head are modern additions. The face of St James the Greater has been restored, as well as the index finger and the little finger of the canon.
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance See literature: catalogue Centraal Museum, Utrecht (Utrecht 1997)
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Bueren, T. van, Leven na de dood: gedenken in de late Middeleeuwen (Turnhout 1999), 232-233
  • Klinckaert, J., Beeldhouwkunst tot 1850. De verzamelingen van het Centraal Museum Utrecht 3 (Utrecht 1997), 256-257
  • Leeflang, M.; Schooten, K. van, Middeleeuwse beelden uit Utrecht 1430-1530 (Utrecht/Antwerpen 2012), 319-320; no. 74
  • Vlierden, M. van, Utrecht, een hemel op aarde (Zutphen 1988), 77
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The upper section of the sculpture depicts the Virgin and Child on the crescent moon. The Virgin hands a fruit to the Christ Child. Immediately below, an angel holds up a shield. The now blank shield originally showed a heraldic device.

Single piece (front) of [492] Virgin and Child with devotional portrait of a canon

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Short description
Short description Virgin and Child with devotional portrait of a canon, heraldic shield and SS James the Greater and Jerome
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 97 x 79 x 11
Date
Year ca.1460-1480
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
Specification date based on stylistic analysis
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Centraal Museum
Collection
Collection identifier 1799
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Utrecht area, artist from the
Attribution
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification origin of work
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation This work is part of a group of Utrecht memorial sculptures with half figures, some of which are still accompanied by a memorial text, see also: 'Virgin and Child with devotional portrait of a canon', MeMO Memorial Object ID 494; 'Virgin and Child on the Crescent Moon with devotional portrait of Hendrik Voss', ID 544; 'Devotional portrait of a canon', ID 593.
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait in the centre (foreground)
Portrait of
Name unknown canon
Sex male
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture in half-figure
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing clothes of an ecclesiastical office holder
Short description alb or surplice
Attributes
Attributes
  • (ecclesiastical) vestments
Specification almuce hanging over his right forearm
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The portrayed person was a canon. He may have been attached to the Mariakerk (St Mary's Church) in Utrecht.

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the centre, behind the portrayed person
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield Heraldic shield, polychromy lost - (Heraldisch schild, polychromie verdwenen)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
  • One or two mythical figures (angels or putti)
Specification Angel
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Not identified
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The now blank shield originally showed a coat of arms

Saint Portraits

Indication of the part
Indication of the part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait First saint from the left
Specification of saint
Name James the Greater
Sex male
Type of saint
  • unknown
Specification
Attributes
  • trappings: clothing/attributes of pilgrims/travellers
Specification pilgrim's satchel; pilgrim's staff; pilgrim's hat displaying a scallop shell
Gesture
  • hand on the shoulder or back of a commemorated person
Specification right hand on the back of the commemorated person
Posture in half-figure
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The presence of this saint may be an indication that the commemorated person was attached to a confraternity which was dedicated to St James the Greater. It is also possible that the canon went on a pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela.
Indication of the part
Indication of the part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait First saint from the right
Specification of saint
Name Jerome (Hieronymus)
Sex male
Type of saint
  • unknown
Specification
Attributes
  • trappings: clothing/attributes of clergy/monks/nuns (incl. liturgical vestments)
  • animal(s) (parts/products of, incl. mythical creatures)
Specification lion; cross staff; cardinal's hat
Gesture
  • holding one or more attributes in his/her hands
Specification
Posture in half-figure
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 729
Personal details
Name unknown canon
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks
Social standing
Status secular clergy
Arguments
  • clothing of the portrayed person
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy canon
Specification canon who was possibly attached to the Mariakerk (St Mary's Church) in Utrecht
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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