Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Crucifixion with devotional portraits of two members of the Keye family

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 499
Name Crucifixion with devotional portraits of two members of the Keye family
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Zutphen, Walburgiskerk (Walburgkerk)
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Single piece (sculpture)
Short description Sculpture showing the Crucifixion with devotional portraits, inscription and saints
Remarks about category Single piece: no separation between portrait(s) - main image
General date
General date 1525-1550
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [27] St. Walburgiskerk (Walburgkerk) (St Walpurga's Church), Zutphen
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? no
(Probable) original location
  • in the church
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks The sculpture was originally located in the 'Onze Lieve Vrouweportaal' (portal of Our Lady)
Memorial piece
Function
  • social
  • liturgical/religious
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function memorial sculpture; commemorating a family
Change in function
Remarks about function argument for functions: memorial text on the sculpture
Name members of the Keye family
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [740] Ioes (Joost) Keye (male)
  • [2907] Gertrut (Geertruid) Keye (female)
  • [739] Otto Keye (male)
  • [2908] Alyt (Aleit) Keye (female)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons nuclear family
Relation specification a married couple with two children
Additional remarks argument for identification of commemorated party: text on the sculpture
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth
Completeness Original stone frame
Condition Damaged: the heads of the portraits and saints have been hacked away, as well as the figure of the crucified Christ
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance The sculpture has been in the church of old
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Gimberg, J., Zutphensche opschriften uit vorige eeuwen, Gelre - Bijdragen en mededeelingen 2 (1899), 269-303, 282-283
  • Holterman, Bart, Representations of Jerusalem pilgrims, http://memo.hum.uu.nl/jerusalem/pages/47.shtml
  • Kuile, E.H. ter, De Nederlandse monumenten van geschiedenis en kunst III. De provincie Gelderland, 2e stuk: Het kwartier van Zutfen (The Hague 1958), 238
  • Leeman, Fred; Vos, Rik, Het nieuwe ornament ('s Gravenhage 1986), 153
Other documentation
RCE: object no. 311.698, adlib priref 20357613
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Single piece (front) of [499] Crucifixion with devotional portraits of two members of the Keye family

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Short description
Short description Crucifixion with devotional portraits of two members of the Keye family, inscription, and the Virgin and St John the Evangelist(?)
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth
Date
Year 1540
Specified date 1540/05/25
Argumentation
  • date of death given on the object
Specification latest date mentioned on the sculpture
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Zutphen, Walburgiskerk (Walburgkerk)
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The sculpture is located in the south side of the church, in the second radiating chapel
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait second figure from the left
Portrait of
Name Otto Keye
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description
Attributes
Attributes
  • no general attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks Otto's head has been hacked away
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait second figure from the right
Portrait of
Name Ioes (Joost) Keye
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description
Attributes
Attributes
  • no general attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The portrayed person was possibly a member of the clergy. His head and hands have been hacked away.

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription tablet below the religious image
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Anno Domini M CCCC ende LXXVIII stoerven Otto Keye ende Ioes sijn soen int vederkomen van Ierusalem, ende sinen begraven int riek van Cipere in die staet Nycosia. Anno M VC op den VIII dach septembris staerf Gertrut Keye, Otto sijn woerseide(?) husfr, hir begraven. Anno M VC XL op Sant Urbans dach [...] Alyt Keie. Bid [...]
Translation
English translation In the year of the Lord 1478 died Otto Keye and his son Joost while returning from Jerusalem, and were buried in the kingdom of Cyprus in the city of Nicosia. In the year 1500 on the 8th day of September died Geertruid Keye, the wife of the aforementioned(?) Otto, buried here. In the year 1540 on St Urban's Day (May 25) [...] Aleit Keye. Pray [...]
Dutch translation In het jaar des Heren 1478 stierven Otto Keye en zijn zoon Joost terugkomend uit Jeruzalem, en zijn begraven in het rijk Cyprus in de stad Nicosia. In het jaar 1500 op de 8ste dag van september stierf Geertruid Keye, de vrouw van de voornoemde(?) Otto, hier begraven. In het jaar 1540 op St. Urbanus-dag (25 mei) [...] Aleit Keye. Bid [...]
Lay–out
Lay-out Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Name [2908] Alyt (Aleit) Keye (female)
Sex female
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Name [740] Ioes (Joost) Keye (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Name [2907] Gertrut (Geertruid) Keye (female)
Sex female
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Name [739] Otto Keye (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Memorial text including an appeal to the viewer for prayer for the commemorated person(s)

Saint Portraits

Indication of the part
Indication of the part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait First saint from the left
Specification of saint
Name Virgin Mary
Sex female
Type of saint
  • standard saint (e.g. Mary, John the Evangelist)
Specification The patron saints may be identified as the Virgin Mary and St John the Evangelist, who are also part of the standard iconography of the Crucifixion
Attributes
Specification
Gesture
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of the part
Indication of the part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait First saint from the right
Specification of saint
Name John the Evangelist
Sex male
Type of saint
  • standard saint (e.g. Mary, John the Evangelist)
Specification The patron saints may be identified as the Virgin Mary and St John the Evangelist, who are also part of the standard iconography of the Crucifixion
Attributes
Specification
Gesture
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 739
Personal details
Name Otto Keye
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1478
Additional remarks Otto was married to Geertruid van Arckel Tasts, with whom he had at least three children: Otto, Joost and Aleit. He and his son Joost died while returning from Jerusalem. They were buried in Nicosia, Cyprus.
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 740
Personal details
Name Ioes (Joost) Keye
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1478
Additional remarks Joost was a son of Otto Keye and Geertruid van Arckel Tasts. Brother of Otto and Aleit. He and his father died while returning from Jerusalem. They were buried in Nicosia, Cyprus.
Social standing
Status secular clergy
Arguments
  • clothing of the portrayed person
Specification He may have been a clergyman
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 2907
Personal details
Name Gertrut (Geertruid) Keye
Sex female
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1500/09/08
Additional remarks Née Van Arckel Tasts. Geertruid was a daughter of Hermen Tasts and his wife Aleit. She was married to Otto Keye, with whom she had at least three children: Otto, Joost and Aleit.
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 2908
Personal details
Name Alyt (Aleit) Keye
Sex female
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1540/05/25
Additional remarks Aleit was a daughter of Otto Keye and Geertruid van Arckel Tasts. Sister of Joost and Otto.
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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