Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Memorial painting (triptych) with the Crucifixion and the devotional portraits of Jacob Martensz. Schout, his mother(?) and five female members of a convent

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 514
Name Memorial painting (triptych) with the Crucifixion and the devotional portraits of Jacob Martensz. Schout, his mother(?) and five female members of a convent
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Leiden, Stedelijk Museum De Lakenhal
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Triptych
Short description Triptych showing the Crucifixion with devotional portraits and saints
Remarks about category Triptych: separation between portrait(s) - main image
General date
General date 1500-1525
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Engebrechtsz., Cornelis
Original institution(s)
Original institution [372] Mariënpoel, Regularissen (Marienpoel Convent, Regular Canonesses), Oegstgeest
Arguments
  • based on research (literature, archival or archaeological research)
Specification relation of person(s) portrayed with institution; mentioned by Van Mander
Still in original institution? no
Location inside the institution
In situ?
(Probable) original location
  • in the church
  • on an altar
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks The triptych may have replaced the old high altar of the Virgin in the choir of the convent church. But given its subject, it is also possible that the triptych was placed in the 'Heilich Cruus Capelle' (chapel of the Holy Cross).
Memorial piece
Function
  • liturgical/religious
  • social
Specification
Additional remarks • Given its size, the triptych functioned as an altarpiece. • For social function, see Commemorated party. • No information is available about possible other functions: memorial text(s) may be missing.
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Jacob Martensz. Schout, his mother(?) and five female members of a convent
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [815] Jacob Martensz. Schout (male)
  • [816] mother(?) of Jacob Martensz. Schout (female)
  • [814] five female members of a convent (female)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons members of a religious order
Relation specification Jacob Martensz. Schout was a Canon Regular and rector of women's convent Mariënpoel near Leiden. The five women were Canonesses Regular who had entered this convent. The lay woman was most likely the mother of Jacob Martensz. Schout.
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • wood (panel)
Specification oil on oak
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth
Completeness The triptych may have had a memorial text and heraldry on the frame(s) and/or a separate text panel. The frame probably has been overpainted several times.
Condition
Conservation The most recent restoration was executed in 1954-1955
Technical research
  • dating by dendrochronology
  • infrared reflectography (IRR)
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks From the presence of a 'barbe' along the edges of the panels we can gather that the panels were painted in the frames
Provenance
Provenance Church of women's convent Mariënpoel near Leiden; Town Hall Leiden, first in the 'Burgemeesterskamer', later in the 'Schepen- of Krijgskamer' (before 1604); Stedelijk Museum De Lakenhal, Leiden (since 1869).
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Bangs, J.D., Cornelis Engebrechtsz.'s Leiden: studies in cultural history (Assen 1979), 19
  • Miedema, H., Karel van Mander. The lives of the illustrious Netherlandish and German painters. Vol. I (Doornspijk 1994), 210v
  • Vogelaar, C.; Filedt Kok, J.P.; Leeflang, H.; Veldman, I.M., Lucas van Leyden en de Renaissance (Antwerp 2011), 14-15, 205-206; cat. no. 2
  • Wurfbain, M.L., Stedelijk Museum De Lakenhal: catalogus van de schilderijen en tekeningen (Leiden 1983)
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The portraits are shown in the predella of the triptych. Jacob Martensz Schout and his mother(?) are also portrayed in a triptych of ca. 1508-1510, see MeMO Memorial Object ID 516. Engebrechtsz may have used this older portrait of Jacob Martensz Schout as a model: infrared reflectography of the Crucifixion triptych has revealed a not particularly detailed underdrawing of the man's face.

Interior right wing of triptych of [514] Memorial painting (triptych) with the Crucifixion and the devotional portraits of Jacob Martensz. Schout, his mother(?) and five female members of a convent

Indication of part
Indication of part Interior right wing of triptych
Short description
Short description The Brazen Serpent
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 182 x 66 x 0
Date
Year ca.1515-1517
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
  • based on historical and/or technical research
Specification date based on stylistic analysis; dendrochronology
Additional remarks dating by dendrochronology: most likely in or after 1505
Holding institution
Holding institution Leiden, Stedelijk Museum De Lakenhal
Collection
Collection identifier S 93
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Engebrechtsz., Cornelis
Attribution
  • style
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification mentioned by Van Mander; attribution(s) on stylistic grounds
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Interior left wing of triptych of [514] Memorial painting (triptych) with the Crucifixion and the devotional portraits of Jacob Martensz. Schout, his mother(?) and five female members of a convent

Indication of part
Indication of part Interior left wing of triptych
Short description
Short description Sacrifice of Abraham
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 182 x 66 x 0
Date
Year ca.1515-1517
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
  • based on historical and/or technical research
Specification date based on stylistic analysis; dendrochronology
Additional remarks dating by dendrochronology: most likely in or after 1505
Holding institution
Holding institution Leiden, Stedelijk Museum De Lakenhal
Collection
Collection identifier S 93
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Engebrechtsz., Cornelis
Attribution
  • style
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification mentioned by Van Mander; attribution(s) on stylistic grounds
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Exterior left wing of triptych of [514] Memorial painting (triptych) with the Crucifixion and the devotional portraits of Jacob Martensz. Schout, his mother(?) and five female members of a convent

Indication of part
Indication of part Exterior left wing of triptych
Short description
Short description Disrobing of Christ
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 182 x 66 x 0
Date
Year ca.1515-1517
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
  • based on historical and/or technical research
Specification date based on stylistic analysis; dendrochronology
Additional remarks dating by dendrochronology: most likely in or after 1505
Holding institution
Holding institution Leiden, Stedelijk Museum De Lakenhal
Collection
Collection identifier S 93
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Engebrechtsz., Cornelis
Attribution
  • style
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification mentioned by Van Mander; attribution(s) on stylistic grounds
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Exterior right wing of triptych of [514] Memorial painting (triptych) with the Crucifixion and the devotional portraits of Jacob Martensz. Schout, his mother(?) and five female members of a convent

Indication of part
Indication of part Exterior right wing of triptych
Short description
Short description Mocking of Christ
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 182 x 66 x 0
Date
Year ca.1515-1517
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
  • based on historical and/or technical research
Specification date based on stylistic analysis; dendrochronology
Additional remarks dating by dendrochronology: most likely in or after 1505
Holding institution
Holding institution Leiden, Stedelijk Museum De Lakenhal
Collection
Collection identifier S 93
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Engebrechtsz., Cornelis
Attribution
  • style
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification mentioned by Van Mander; attribution(s) on stylistic grounds
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Central panel of triptych (front) of [514] Memorial painting (triptych) with the Crucifixion and the devotional portraits of Jacob Martensz. Schout, his mother(?) and five female members of a convent

Indication of part
Indication of part Central panel of triptych (front)
Short description
Short description Crucifixion
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 198 x 146 x 0
Date
Year ca.1515-1517
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
  • based on historical and/or technical research
Specification date based on stylistic analysis; dendrochronology
Additional remarks dating by dendrochronology: most likely in or after 1505
Holding institution
Holding institution Leiden, Stedelijk Museum De Lakenhal
Collection
Collection identifier S 93
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Engebrechtsz., Cornelis
Attribution
  • style
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification mentioned by Van Mander; attribution(s) on stylistic grounds
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Lower level of [514] Memorial painting (triptych) with the Crucifixion and the devotional portraits of Jacob Martensz. Schout, his mother(?) and five female members of a convent

Indication of part
Indication of part Lower level
Short description
Short description Corpse of Adam flanked by devotional portraits of Jacob Martensz. Schout, his mother(?) and five female members of a convent with SS Augustine and Martin of Tours (predella)
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 15 x 109 x 0
Date
Year ca.1515-1517
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
  • based on historical and/or technical research
Specification date based on stylistic analysis; dendrochronology
Additional remarks dating by dendrochronology: most likely in or after 1505
Holding institution
Holding institution Leiden, Stedelijk Museum De Lakenhal
Collection
Collection identifier S 93
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Engebrechtsz., Cornelis
Attribution
  • style
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification mentioned by Van Mander; attribution(s) on stylistic grounds
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation Jacob Martensz. Schout and his mother(?) are also portrayed on 'Lamentation over the Dead Christ with devotional portraits of Jacob Martensz. Schout and his mother(?)', see MeMO Memorial Object ID 516
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Lower level
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait first person from the left
Portrait of
Name mother(?) of Jacob Martensz. Schout
Sex female
Argumentation
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description black veil/cloak worn over a white cap with lappets
Attributes
Attributes
  • no general attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Lower level
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait second person from the left
Portrait of
Name Jacob Martensz. Schout
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on literature or archival research
Specification presence of St Martin of Tours; resemblance to other portrait; archival research (in literature)
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture in half-figure
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing clothes of a member of a convent/religious order
Short description white habit
Attributes
Attributes
  • (ecclesiastical) vestments
Specification almuce covering his back
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The portrayed person is Jacob Martensz. Schout. He was rector of Mariënpoel, a convent of Canonesses Regular near Leiden, in the years 1508-1522.
Indication of part
Indication of part Lower level
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait first up to and including the fifth person from the right
Portrait of
Name five female members of a convent
Sex female
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing clothes of a member of a convent/religious order
Short description black veil worn over a white cap, white guimpe and white habit
Attributes
Attributes
  • no general attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The clothes of the portrayed persons identify them as Canonesses Regular. They were probably the prioress and other high-placed members of women's convent Mariënpoel near Leiden, where the triptych was originally placed.

Saint Portraits

Indication of the part
Indication of the part Lower level
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait First saint from the left
Specification of saint
Name Martin of Tours
Sex male
Type of saint
  • name saint
Specification Jacob Martensz. Schout may have wished to commemorate his father (Marten or Maarten) through his name saint
Attributes
  • trappings: clothing/attributes of clergy/monks/nuns (incl. liturgical vestments)
  • one or more persons
  • text carrier (e.g. book)
Specification beggar; book; crosier; mitre; cope
Gesture
  • holding one or more attributes in his/her hands
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of the part
Indication of the part Lower level
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait First saint from the right
Specification of saint
Name Augustine
Sex male
Type of saint
  • religious order
Specification Patron saint of Canons and Canonesses Regular, who follow the Rule of St Augustine
Attributes
  • trappings: clothing/attributes of clergy/monks/nuns (incl. liturgical vestments)
  • cross(es)
  • body parts
Specification heart pierced by an arrow; crucifix; crosier; mitre; cope
Gesture
  • holding one or more attributes in his/her hands
Specification right hand: pointing to central scene or presenting the five Canonesses Regular
Posture in half-figure
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 814
Personal details
Name five female members of a convent
Sex female
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks
Social standing
Status member of a convent/religious order
Arguments
  • clothing of the portrayed person
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order Canonesses Regular
Specification Canonesses Regular of women's convent Mariënpoel near Leiden, probably a prioress and other high-placed members
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 815
Personal details
Name Jacob Martensz. Schout
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1526
Additional remarks Brother of Margaretha Martensdr.
Social standing
Status member of a convent/religious order
Arguments
  • according to literature
  • clothing of the portrayed person
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order Canons Regular
Specification Canon Regular at the convent of St Willibrord in Heiloo, also known as 'De Blinken'; rector of Mariënpoel, a convent of Canonesses Regular near Leiden (1508-1522); chaplain of Mariënpoel (1522-1526)
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 816
Personal details
Name mother(?) of Jacob Martensz. Schout
Sex female
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks Mother of Jacob Martensz. Schout, who was rector of Mariënpoel, a convent of Canonesses Regular near Leiden. Her daughter Margaretha Martensdr. was a Franciscan tertiary nun who eventually entered Mariënpoel. However, she died before she had taken the holy vows.
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks For the identification of the woman as the mother of the man: see Additional remarks on the first tab
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