Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Lamentation over the Dead Christ with devotional portraits of Jacob Martensz. Schout and his mother(?)

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 516
Name Lamentation over the Dead Christ with devotional portraits of Jacob Martensz. Schout and his mother(?)
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Leiden, Stedelijk Museum De Lakenhal
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Triptych
Short description Triptych showing the Lamentation over the Dead Christ with devotional portraits, heraldic shields and saints
Remarks about category Triptych: separation between portrait(s) - main image
General date
General date 1500-1525
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Engebrechtsz., Cornelis
Original institution(s)
Original institution [372] Mariënpoel, Regularissen (Marienpoel Monastery, Regular Canonesses), Oegstgeest
Arguments
  • based on research (literature, archival or archaeological research)
Specification relation of person(s) portrayed with institution; mentioned by Van Mander
Still in original institution? no
Location inside the institution
In situ?
(Probable) original location
  • on an altar
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks The triptych was probably placed on one of the four altars in that part of the convent church that was open to the lay public
Memorial piece
Function
  • social
  • liturgical/religious
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function memorial painting?; commemorating a family?; altarpiece
Change in function
Remarks about function argument for function: size of the triptych
Name Jacob Martensz. Schout and his mother(?)
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [816] mother(?) of Jacob Martensz. Schout (female)
  • [815] Jacob Martensz. Schout (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons nuclear family
Relation specification most likely mother and son
Additional remarks arguments for identification of commemorated party: saints; archival research (in literature)
Name Jacob Martensz. Schout?
Composition of the commissioning party
  • single person
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
  • [815] Jacob Martensz. Schout (male)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party The commissioning party belonged to the commemorated party and was a spouse and/or relative of the other member(s) of the commemorated party
Relation specification a son(?) of the other commemorated person
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • wood (panel)
Specification oil on oak
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth
Completeness Incomplete: not the original frame
Condition
Conservation The most recent restoration was executed in 2006-2011
Technical research
  • dating by dendrochronology
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance Church of women's convent Mariënpoel near Leiden; Sint-Jacobsgasthuis, Leiden (before 1573); Town Hall Leiden, first in the 'Burgemeesterskamer' (1577-1662), later in the 'Schepen- of Krijgskamer' (1662-1872); Stedelijk Museum De Lakenhal, Leiden (since 1872).
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Giltaij, J.; Lammertse, F., Vroege Hollanders, schilderkunst van de late Middeleeuwen (Rotterdam 2008), 227-231
  • Leeflang, H.; Vogelaar, C.; Filedt Kok, J.P.; Veldman, I.M., Lucas van Leyden en de Renaissance (Antwerp 2011), 12-13, 204-205; cat. no. 1
  • Miedema, H., Karel van Mander. The lives of the illustrious Netherlandish and German painters. Vol. I (Doornspijk 1994), 210v
  • Wurfbain, M.L., Stedelijk Museum De Lakenhal: catalogus van de schilderijen en tekeningen (Leiden 1983), 136-138
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks In the exhibition catalogue 'Lucas van Leiden en de Renaissance' (2011), the woman on the interior left wing is identified as Margaretha Martensdr., the sister of rector Jacob Martensz. Schout. She was a Franciscan tertiary nun who later entered convent Mariënpoel but died before she had taken the holy vows. Seeing that the portrayed woman occupies the most important place in the triptych, on the heraldic right of the religious scene, it is however more plausible that the woman is the rector's mother rather than his sister. Jacob Martensz. Schout evidently wished to honour his mother by giving her pride of place.

Exterior right wing of triptych of [516] Lamentation over the Dead Christ with devotional portraits of Jacob Martensz. Schout and his mother(?)

Indication of part
Indication of part Exterior right wing of triptych
Short description
Short description SS Agatha and Agnes and a heraldic shield
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 122 x 57 x 0
Date
Year ca.1508-1510
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on historical and/or technical research
  • based on stylistic research
Specification date based on stylistic analysis; dendrochronology
Additional remarks dating by dendrochronology: most likely in or after 1503
Holding institution
Holding institution Leiden, Stedelijk Museum De Lakenhal
Collection
Collection identifier S 94
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Engebrechtsz., Cornelis
Attribution
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
  • style
Specification mentioned by Van Mander; attribution(s) on stylistic grounds
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • The exterior wings are mainly executed in grisaille. • St Agatha has a tongs and breast as attributes; St Agnes is depicted with a lamb. • The Canonesses Regular of Mariënpoel may have venerated these female saints as paragons of virginal purity.

Exterior left wing of triptych of [516] Lamentation over the Dead Christ with devotional portraits of Jacob Martensz. Schout and his mother(?)

Indication of part
Indication of part Exterior left wing of triptych
Short description
Short description SS Apollonia and Gertrude of Nivellles and a heraldic shield
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 122 x 57 x 0
Date
Year ca.1508-1510
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on historical and/or technical research
  • based on stylistic research
Specification date based on stylistic analysis; dendrochronology
Additional remarks dating by dendrochronology: most likely in or after 1503
Holding institution
Holding institution Leiden, Stedelijk Museum De Lakenhal
Collection
Collection identifier S 94
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Engebrechtsz., Cornelis
Attribution
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
  • style
Specification mentioned by Van Mander; attribution(s) on stylistic grounds
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • The exterior wings are mainly executed in grisaille. • St Apollonia has a tongs and tooth as attributes; St Gertrude of Nivelles is represented as an abbess with a staff, book and mice. • The Canonesses Regular of Mariënpoel may have venerated these female saints as paragons of virginal purity.

Interior left wing of triptych of [516] Lamentation over the Dead Christ with devotional portraits of Jacob Martensz. Schout and his mother(?)

Indication of part
Indication of part Interior left wing of triptych
Short description
Short description Devotional portrait of the mother(?) of Jacob Martensz. Schout with SS Cecilia and Mary Magdalene
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 122 x 57 x 0
Date
Year ca.1508-1510
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on historical and/or technical research
  • based on stylistic research
Specification date based on stylistic analysis; dendrochronology
Additional remarks dating by dendrochronology: most likely in or after 1503
Holding institution
Holding institution Leiden, Stedelijk Museum De Lakenhal
Collection
Collection identifier S 94
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Engebrechtsz., Cornelis
Attribution
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
  • style
Specification mentioned by Van Mander; attribution(s) on stylistic grounds
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation Jacob Martensz. Schout and his mother(?) are also portrayed on 'Crucifixion with devotional portraits of Jacob Martensz. Schout, his mother(?) and five female members of a convent' of ca.1515-1517, see MeMO Memorial Object ID [514]
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Interior right wing of triptych of [516] Lamentation over the Dead Christ with devotional portraits of Jacob Martensz. Schout and his mother(?)

Indication of part
Indication of part Interior right wing of triptych
Short description
Short description Devotional portrait of Jacob Martensz. Schout with SS James the Greater and Martin of Tours
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 122 x 57 x 0
Date
Year ca.1508-1510
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on historical and/or technical research
  • based on stylistic research
Specification date based on stylistic analysis; dendrochronology
Additional remarks dating by dendrochronology: most likely in or after 1503
Holding institution
Holding institution Leiden, Stedelijk Museum De Lakenhal
Collection
Collection identifier S 94
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Engebrechtsz., Cornelis
Attribution
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
  • style
Specification mentioned by Van Mander; attribution(s) on stylistic grounds
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation Jacob Martensz. Schout and his mother(?) are also portrayed on 'Crucifixion with devotional portraits of Jacob Martensz. Schout, his mother(?) and five female members of a convent' of ca.1515-1517, see MeMO Memorial Object ID [514]
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Central panel of triptych (front) of [516] Lamentation over the Dead Christ with devotional portraits of Jacob Martensz. Schout and his mother(?)

Indication of part
Indication of part Central panel of triptych (front)
Short description
Short description Lamentation over the Dead Christ and the remaining six sorrows of the Virgin Mary
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 126 x 123 x 0
Date
Year ca.1508-1510
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on historical and/or technical research
  • based on stylistic research
Specification date based on stylistic analysis; dendrochronology
Additional remarks dating by dendrochronology: most likely in or after 1503
Holding institution
Holding institution Leiden, Stedelijk Museum De Lakenhal
Collection
Collection identifier S 94
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Engebrechtsz., Cornelis
Attribution
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
  • style
Specification mentioned by Van Mander; attribution(s) on stylistic grounds
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation The composition of the central panel is related to Cornelis Engebrechtsz.'s painting 'Lamentation over the Dead Christ with devotional portrait of a female member of a convent', see MeMO Memorial Object ID 2685
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Interior left wing of triptych
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait on the right
Portrait of
Name mother(?) of Jacob Martensz. Schout
Sex female
Argumentation
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description black veil/cloak worn over a white cap with broad lappets, brown garment
Attributes
Attributes
  • rosary
Specification rosary hanging from her waist
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Interior right wing of triptych
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait on the left
Portrait of
Name Jacob Martensz. Schout
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on literature or archival research
Specification presence of SS Martin of Tours and James the Greater; archival research (in literature)
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing clothes of a member of a convent
Short description white habit
Attributes
Attributes
  • (ecclesiastical) vestments
Specification almuce covering his shoulders
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The portrayed person is Jacob Martensz. Schout. He was rector of Mariënpoel, a convent of Canonesses Regular near Leiden, in the years 1508-1522.

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Exterior right wing of triptych
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry upper left corner of the wing
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Heraldry of corporations (cities, guilds, confraternities, companies)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield Three saltorels palewise; in grisaille - (Drie schuinkruisjes boven elkaar; in grisaille)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to City of Amsterdam
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Exterior left wing of triptych
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry upper right corner of the wing
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Heraldry of corporations (cities, guilds, confraternities, companies)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield Three saltorels palewise; in grisaille - (Drie schuinkruisjes boven elkaar; in grisaille)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to City of Amsterdam
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Saint Portraits

Indication of the part
Indication of the part Interior left wing of triptych
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait First saint from the left
Specification of saint
Name Caecilia
Sex female
Type of saint
  • unknown
Specification
Attributes
  • animal(s) (parts/products of, incl. mythical creatures)
  • torture (weapons/instruments of)
  • musical instrument(s)
Specification sword; falcon; organ
Gesture
  • holding one or more attributes in his/her hands
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of the part
Indication of the part Interior left wing of triptych
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait Second saint from the left
Specification of saint
Name Mary Magdalene
Sex female
Type of saint
  • unknown
Specification
Attributes
  • medical tools/medication/hygiene
Specification ointment jar
Gesture
  • holding one or more attributes in his/her hands
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of the part
Indication of the part Interior right wing of triptych
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait First saint from the right
Specification of saint
Name Martin of Tours
Sex male
Type of saint
  • name saint
Specification Jacob Martensz. Schout may have wished to commemorate his father (Marten or Maarten) through his name saint
Attributes
  • trappings: clothing/attributes of clergy/monks/nuns (incl. liturgical vestments)
  • one or more persons
Specification beggar; alms; crosier; mitre; cope
Gesture
  • holding one or more attributes in his/her hands
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of the part
Indication of the part Interior right wing of triptych
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait Second saint from the right
Specification of saint
Name James the Greater
Sex male
Type of saint
  • name saint
Specification St James (Jacobus in Dutch) was the name saint of Jacob Martensz. Schout
Attributes
  • trappings: clothing/attributes of pilgrims/travellers
Specification pilgrim's hat displaying a scallop shell; walking stick; pilgrim’s satchel
Gesture
  • holding one or more attributes in his/her hands
  • hand on the shoulder or back of a commemorated person
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 815
Personal details
Name Jacob Martensz. Schout
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1526
Additional remarks Brother of Margaretha Martensdr.
Social standing
Status member of a convent
Arguments
  • clothing of the portrayed person
  • according to literature
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order Canons Regular
Specification Canon Regular at the convent of St Willibrord in Heiloo, also known as 'De Blinken'; rector of Mariënpoel, a convent of Canonesses Regular near Leiden (1508-1522); chaplain of Mariënpoel (1522-1526)
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 816
Personal details
Name mother(?) of Jacob Martensz. Schout
Sex female
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks Mother of Jacob Martensz. Schout, who was rector of Mariënpoel, a convent of Canonesses Regular near Leiden. Her daughter Margaretha Martensdr. was a Franciscan tertiary nun who eventually entered Mariënpoel. However, she died before she had taken the holy vows.
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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