Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Crucifixion with devotional portraits of a man and a woman

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 525
Name Crucifixion with devotional portraits of a man and a woman
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • New York City, Metropolitan Museum of Art
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Single piece (painting)
Short description Painting showing the Crucifixion with devotional portraits and saints
Remarks about category Single piece: no separation between portrait(s) - main image
General date
General date 1500-1550
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Engebrechtsz., Cornelis
Original institution(s)
Still in original institution? no
Location inside the institution
In situ?
(Probable) original location
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
  • social
  • liturgical/religious
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function commemorating a married couple?
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [863] unknown woman (female)
  • [862] unknown man (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons married couple
Relation specification most likely a married couple
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • wood (panel)
Specification oil on oak
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 62 x 90 x 0
Completeness
Condition The lower section of the painting shows damages
Conservation Retouches visible
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks From the presence of a 'barbe' along the edges of the panel we can gather that the panel was painted in its frame
Provenance
Provenance Mme d'Oliveira, Florence (until 1887); Coudert Brothers, New York, (1887-88); The Metropolitan Museum of Art (since 1888, gift of the Coudert Brothers).
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Friedl√§nder, M.J., Early Netherlandish painting, vol X (Leiden/Brussels 1967), 41, 79
  • Gibson, W.S., The paintings of Cornelis Engebrechtsz (New York/London 1977), 151-153, 160, 250
  • Hoogewerff, G.J., De Noord-Nederlandse schilderkunst, vol III (The Hague 1936), 199-201
  • Leeflang, H.; Filedt Kok, J.P.; Vogelaar, C.; Veldman, I.M., Lucas van Leyden en de Renaissance (Antwerp 2011), 216; cat. no. 10
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Single piece (front) of [525] Crucifixion with devotional portraits of a man and a woman

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Short description
Short description Crucifixion with devotional portraits of a man and a woman and SS Peter and Margaret
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 62 x 90 x 0
Date
Year ca.1520-1530
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
Specification date based on stylistic analysis
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution New York City, Metropolitan Museum of Art
Collection European Paintings
Collection identifier 88.3.88
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Engebrechtsz., Cornelis
Attribution
  • style
Specification attribution(s) on stylistic grounds
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait on the left (foreground)
Portrait of
Name unknown man
Sex male
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal kneeling before a prie-dieu, folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description black fur-lined tabard worn over a red garment
Attributes
Attributes
  • rosary
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait on the right (foreground)
Portrait of
Name unknown woman
Sex female
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal kneeling before a prie-dieu, folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description black veil worn over a white cap, black cloak
Attributes
Attributes
  • rosary
  • text carrier (e.g. books)
Specification rosary; closed book
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks

Saint Portraits

Indication of the part
Indication of the part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait First saint from the left
Specification of saint
Name Peter
Sex male
Type of saint
  • unknown
Specification
Attributes
  • tools/instruments (incl. keys)/materials (part of)
Specification key(s)
Gesture
  • pointing to a commemorated person
  • holding one or more attributes in his/her hands
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of the part
Indication of the part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait First saint from the right
Specification of saint
Name Margaret
Sex female
Type of saint
  • unknown
Specification
Attributes
  • cross(es)
  • animal(s) (parts/products of, incl. mythical creatures)
Specification dragon; crucifix
Gesture
  • holding one or more attributes in his/her hands
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 862
Personal details
Name unknown man
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks husband?
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 863
Personal details
Name unknown woman
Sex female
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks wife?
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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