Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Crucifixion with devotional portraits of an unknown family

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 529
Name Crucifixion with devotional portraits of an unknown family
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • St Petersburg, Hermitage
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Triptych
Short description Triptych showing the Crucifixion with devotional portraits and saints
Remarks about category Triptych: the composition of the central panel continues into the interior wings
General date
General date 1525-1575
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Heemskerck, Maarten van
Original institution(s)
Still in original institution? no
Location inside the institution
In situ?
(Probable) original location
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
  • social
  • liturgical/religious
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function memorial painting?; commemorating a family
Change in function
Remarks about function argument for function: child(ren) portrayed as deceased?
Name
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [3130] unknown man (male)
  • [873] unknown girl (female)
  • [872] unknown boy (male)
  • [3129] unknown woman (female)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons nuclear family
Relation specification married couple with son and daughter
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • canvas
  • wood (panel)
Specification • Wings: oil on panel. • Central panel: oil on canvas mounted on panel.
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth
Completeness Not the original frame
Condition
Conservation Central panel: painting transferred from the original panel to a canvas support, mounted on panel
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance See literature: Kunst voor de Beeldenstorm, vol I. (The Hague 1986)
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Kloek, W.Th., Kunst voor de beeldenstorm: Noordnederlandse kunst, 1525-1580, vol. I (The Hague 1986), 255
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Central panel of triptych (front) of [529] Crucifixion with devotional portraits of an unknown family

Indication of part
Indication of part Central panel of triptych (front)
Short description
Short description Crucifixion
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 101 x 59 x 0
Date
Year 1549
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date given on the object (not date of death)
Specification dated 1549
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution St Petersburg, Hermitage
Collection
Collection identifier 415
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Heemskerck, Maarten van
Attribution
  • style
Specification attribution(s) on stylistic grounds
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Exterior left wing of triptych of [529] Crucifixion with devotional portraits of an unknown family

Indication of part
Indication of part Exterior left wing of triptych
Short description
Short description The Brazen Serpent
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 101 x 28 x 0
Date
Year 1549
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date given on the object (not date of death)
Specification dated 1549
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution St Petersburg, Hermitage
Collection
Collection identifier 415
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Heemskerck, Maarten van
Attribution
  • style
Specification attribution(s) on stylistic grounds
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Interior left wing of triptych of [529] Crucifixion with devotional portraits of an unknown family

Indication of part
Indication of part Interior left wing of triptych
Short description
Short description Crucifixion (Good Thief) with devotional portraits of a father and son, and one of the Mary's(?)
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 101 x 28 x 0
Date
Year 1549
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date given on the object (not date of death)
Specification dated 1549
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution St Petersburg, Hermitage
Collection
Collection identifier 415
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Heemskerck, Maarten van
Attribution
  • style
Specification attribution(s) on stylistic grounds
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Exterior right wing of triptych of [529] Crucifixion with devotional portraits of an unknown family

Indication of part
Indication of part Exterior right wing of triptych
Short description
Short description The Brazen Serpent
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 101 x 28 x 0
Date
Year 1549
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date given on the object (not date of death)
Specification dated 1549
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution St Petersburg, Hermitage
Collection
Collection identifier 415
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Heemskerck, Maarten van
Attribution
  • style
Specification attribution(s) on stylistic grounds
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Interior right wing of triptych of [529] Crucifixion with devotional portraits of an unknown family

Indication of part
Indication of part Interior right wing of triptych
Short description
Short description Crucifixion (Bad Thief) with devotional portraits of a mother and daughter, and St Mary Magdalene
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 101 x 28 x 0
Date
Year 1549
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date given on the object (not date of death)
Specification dated 1549
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution St Petersburg, Hermitage
Collection
Collection identifier 415
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Heemskerck, Maarten van
Attribution
  • style
Specification attribution(s) on stylistic grounds
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Interior left wing of triptych
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait first person from the right (foreground)
Portrait of
Name unknown man
Sex male
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal lifted hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description black tabard
Attributes
Attributes
  • no general attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks Father of the depicted family
Indication of part
Indication of part Interior left wing of triptych
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait second person from the right (foreground)
Portrait of
Name unknown boy
Sex male
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person deceased
Argumentation
  • unusual/different clothing
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal Based on the manner of portrayal, it is possible that this son had already died when the triptych was made
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description light brown garment
Attributes
Attributes
  • no general attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Interior right wing of triptych
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait first person from the left (foreground)
Portrait of
Name unknown woman
Sex female
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description white cap with lappets, black tabard, brown dress with red sleeves
Attributes
Attributes
  • no general attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks Mother of the depicted family
Indication of part
Indication of part Interior right wing of triptych
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait second person from the left (foreground)
Portrait of
Name unknown girl
Sex female
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description black gown
Attributes
Attributes
  • rosary
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks Daughter of the unknown family

Saint Portraits

Indication of the part
Indication of the part Interior left wing of triptych
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait Behind or near the portrayed person(s)
Specification of saint
Name unknown female saint
Sex female
Type of saint
  • unknown
Specification
Attributes
Specification
Gesture
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Identification uncertain. Possibly one of the three Mary's.
Indication of the part
Indication of the part Interior right wing of triptych
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait Behind or near the portrayed person(s)
Specification of saint
Name Mary Magdalene
Sex female
Type of saint
  • standard saint (e.g. Mary, John the Evangelist)
Specification Mary Magdalene is part of the standard iconography of the Crucifixion but here the saint also acts as patron saint of the portrayed person(s), as can be deduced from her placement, posture and gesture
Attributes
  • medical tools/medication/hygiene
Specification ointment jar
Gesture
  • holding one or more attributes in his/her hands
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 872
Personal details
Name unknown boy
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks possibly prematurely deceased
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 873
Personal details
Name unknown girl
Sex female
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 3129
Personal details
Name unknown woman
Sex female
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks mother of at least one son and one daughter (based on painting)
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 3130
Personal details
Name unknown man
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks father of at least one son and one daughter (based on painting)
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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