Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Remnants of a memorial sculpture of Petrus Bloem

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 537
Name Remnants of a memorial sculpture of Petrus Bloem
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Utrecht, Pieterskerk
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Single piece (sculpture)
Short description Remnants of a memorial sculpture; the frame, a heraldic shield, and the stone tablet with memorial text remain
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1375-1425
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [19] St. Pieterskerk (Pieterskerk) (St Peter's Church), Utrecht
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification The commemorated person was a canon at this church
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? probably yes
(Probable) original location
  • near another memorial object for the commemorated person(s) or relatives
  • in the (side) aisle
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks located above the south portal; probably near the grave of the commemorated person
Memorial piece
Function
  • liturgical/religious
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function memorial sculpture
Change in function
Remarks about function argument for function: memorial text on the sculpture
Name Petrus Bloem
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [3149] Petrus Bloem (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons no relation (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks argument for identification of commemorated party: text on the sculpture
Name Petrus Bloem
Composition of the commissioning party
  • single person
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
  • [3149] Petrus Bloem (male)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party The commissioning party was the commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks Bogaers (2005, 2008) assumes that Bloem was the patron of this memorial sculpture since he was still alive when the work was made. The date of death would then have been added at a later date, which is very well possible.
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification stone; paint
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 110 x 80 x 0
Completeness Incomplete: a fragment. The religious image has been hacked away. Original stone frame.
Condition The contours of some of the figures are still visible, as well as a heraldic shield
Conservation The letters may have been retouched
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks Dimensions of the text field: 23x75 cm.
Provenance
Provenance The sculpture has been in the church of old
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Bloys van Treslong Prins, P.C., Genealogische en heraldische gedenkwaardigheden in en uit de kerken der provincie Utrecht (Utrecht 1919), 264; no. 36
  • Bogaers, L.C.J.J., Aards, betrokken en zelfbewust. De verwevenheid van cultuur en religie in katholiek Utrecht, 1300-1600 (Utrecht 2008), 613, 616, 897, 902
  • Bogaers, L.C.J.J., Commemoration in a Utrecht collegiate church: burial and memorial culture in St. Peter's (1054-1784), in: Bueren, T. van; Leerdam, Andrea van, Care for the here and the hereafter: memoria, art and ritual in the Middle Ages (Turnhout 2005), , 191-219, 199, 200, 213
  • Bogaers, L.C.J.J.; Groot, Arie de, Van anonieme graven tot persoonsgebonden grafmonumenten: zeven eeuwen grafcultuur in de Utrechtse Pieterskerk, Trajecta: tijdschrift voor de geschiedenis van het katholiek leven in de Nederlanden 11 (2002), 211-243, 214, 229
  • Buchelius, A. , Monumenta passim in templis ac monasteriis Traiectinae urbis atque agri inventa (Utrecht ), 73; fol. 39r
  • Heinrichs, B.; Kiviet, G. de, Onderzoek naar memorievoorstellingen in de Sint Pieterskerk te Utrecht, in: , Zorg voor het hier en het hiernamaals: memorievoorstellingen in enkele middeleeuwse Utrechtse kerken (Utrecht 1996), , 25-26
  • Helmus, L.M., Pieter Saenredam, the Utrecht work: paintings and drawings by the 17th-century master of perspective (Utrecht 2000), 216-218
Other documentation
SKKN: inv. no. 972-89
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The now-lost religious image is depicted in a 1636 drawing by Pieter Saenredam (Het Utrechts Archief, inv. nr TA lb 4.3). It shows the Virgin and Child on the right, and a patron saint behind a devotional portrait on the left.

Single piece (front) of [537] Remnants of a memorial sculpture of Petrus Bloem

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Short description
Short description Remnants of a memorial sculpture; the frame, a heraldic shield, and the stone tablet with memorial text remain
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 110 x 80 x 0
Date
Year ca.1400
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on historical and/or technical research
Specification The commemorated person was still alive when the sculpture was made. He died in 1415.
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Pieterskerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The sculpture is located above the south portal
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry below the middle trefoil
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield Heraldic shield, polychromy lost - (Heraldisch schild, polychromie verdwenen)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Not identified
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription across the tablet below the now lost religious image
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Fervens divinis hic Petrus Bloem tumulatus. Iuribus in binis et in artibus hic graduatus. M cum ter quinis dum C quater es memoratus, huic vite finis Damasi. Sit ad astra levatus.
Translation
English translation Ardent in his religious devotion was Petrus Bloem, who is buried here. He graduated in both laws and in the liberal arts. When the date was written as one thousand, three times five and then four times one hundred (1415) his life ended on St Damasus's Day. May he have been received into heaven.
Dutch translation Vurig in godsdienst was Petrus Bloem die hier begraven ligt. In de beide rechten en in de vrije kunsten heeft hij een graad behaald. Toen men schreef duizend, driemaal vijf en nog viermaal honderd (1415) kwam aan zijn leven een einde op St. Damaas. Moge hij in de hemel zijn opgenomen.
Lay–out
Lay-out Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Name [3149] Petrus Bloem (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Memorial text including a prayer for the commemorated person(s). St Damasus's Day is on December 11.

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 3149
Personal details
Name Petrus Bloem
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1415/12/11
Additional remarks He was Doctor of Canon and Civil Law, and Master in the Liberal Arts. He was buried in the St. Pieterskerk (St Peter's Church) in Utrecht.
Social standing
Status secular clergy
Arguments
  • according to literature
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy canon
Specification canon at the St. Pieterskerk (St Peter's Church) in Utrecht
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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