Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Memorial sculpture with the Virgin (and Child?) and the devotional portrait of Herman van Rijn

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 545
Name Memorial sculpture with the Virgin (and Child?) and the devotional portrait of Herman van Rijn
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Utrecht, Pieterskerk
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Single piece (sculpture)
Short description Memorial sculpture with the Virgin (and Child?), a devotional portrait, an inscription, a heraldic shield and two unknown male saints
Remarks about category Single piece: separation between portrait(s) - main image
General date
General date 1475-1500
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [19] St. Pieterskerk (Pieterskerk) (St Peter's Church), Utrecht
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
  • based on research (literature, archival or archaeological research)
Specification document(s); the commemorated person was dean of this church
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? no
(Probable) original location
  • near another memorial object for the commemorated person(s) or relatives
  • in the transept
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks The sculpture was originally located on a wall in the south transept; near the grave of Herman van Rijn, see Inscriptions
Memorial piece
Function
  • liturgical/religious
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Harmannus de Reno (Herman van Rijn)
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [899] Harmannus de Reno (Herman van Rijn) (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons not applicable (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks According to Bogaers and De Groot (2002), Van Rijn was also the patron of this memorial sculpture. They assume that he was still alive when the work was made and that his date of death was added later.
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification sandstone; paint
Traces of polychromy? yes
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 185 x 82 x 0
Completeness Original stone frame
Condition Severely damaged. The Virgin (and Child?) is/are missing; only the sun remains. The heads of the two patron saints and of the canon are missing as well.
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance The sculpture has been in the church of old
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Bloys van Treslong Prins, P.C., Genealogische en heraldische gedenkwaardigheden in en uit de kerken der provincie Utrecht (Utrecht 1919), 264; no. 34
  • Bogaers, L.C.J.J., Aards, betrokken en zelfbewust. De verwevenheid van cultuur en religie in katholiek Utrecht, 1300-1600 (Utrecht 2008), 899, 902
  • Bogaers, L.C.J.J., Commemoration in a Utrecht collegiate church: burial and memorial culture in St. Peter's (1054-1784), in: Bueren, T. van; Leerdam, Andrea van, Care for the here and the hereafter: memoria, art and ritual in the Middle Ages (Turnhout 2005), 191-219, 191-219, 199, 200
  • Bogaers, L.C.J.J.; Groot, Arie de, Van anonieme graven tot persoonsgebonden grafmonumenten: zeven eeuwen grafcultuur in de Utrechtse Pieterskerk, Trajecta: tijdschrift voor de geschiedenis van het katholiek leven in de Nederlanden 11 (2002), 211-243, 214, 231
  • Buchelius, A., Monumenta passim in templis ac monasteriis Traiectinae urbis atque agri inventa (Utrecht ), 76; fol. 40v
  • Kiviet, G. de; Heinrichs, B., Onderzoek naar memorievoorstellingen in de Sint Pieterskerk te Utrecht, in: , Zorg voor het hier en het hiernamaals: memorievoorstellingen in enkele middeleeuwse Utrechtse kerken (Utrecht 1996), , 42-43
Other documentation
SKKN: inv. no. 972-8, photo no. 972-8_1
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • The upper section of the sculpture either showed the Virgin and the Christ Child or the Virgin by herself. In the latter case, the Virgin of the Immaculate Conception was depicted. This type of image shows the Virgin standing in an aura of golden light, a reference to "a woman clothed with the sun" mentioned in Revelation 12:1-2. • The three banderoles near the portrait and saints are blank.

Single piece (front) of [545] Memorial sculpture with the Virgin (and Child?) and the devotional portrait of Herman van Rijn

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Short description
Short description Memorial sculpture with the Virgin (and Child?), a devotional portrait, an inscription, a heraldic shield and two unknown male saints
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 185 x 82 x 0
Date
Year 1488
Specified date 1488/12/24
Argumentation
  • date of death given on the object
Specification
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Pieterskerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The sculpture is located in the 'Pieternellenkapel' (chapel of St Petronilla)
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait in the centre (lower section)
Portrait of
Name Harmannus de Reno (Herman van Rijn)
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing clothes of an ecclesiastical office holder
Short description alb
Attributes
Attributes
  • (ecclesiastical) vestments
Specification almuce hanging over his left forearm
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks Herman van Rijn was canon and dean of the St. Pieterskerk (St Peter’s Church) in Utrecht

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry below the console
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Marshalled arms (2 coats of arms in one shield per pale or per fess)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield Per pale I: in [colour] three wavy [colour] bars?; II: in [colour] a [colour] chrevron? - (Gedeeld I: in [kleur] drie golvende [kleur] dwarsbalken?; II: in [kleur] een [kleur] keper?)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
  • One or two mythical figures (angels or putti)
Specification Angel
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Herman van Rijn
Person details
Person details
  • [899] Harmannus de Reno (Herman van Rijn) (male)
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription tablet below the religious image
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Hic iacet sepultus venerabilis dominus Harmannus de Reno, decanus et canonicus huius ecclesie, hic sepultus, cuius anima requiescat in pace, qui obiit anno Domini M CCCC LXXXVIII XXIIII Decembris.
Translation
English translation Here lies buried the venerable sir Herman van Rijn, dean and canon of this church, buried here, whose soul may rest in peace, who died in the year of the Lord 1488 on December 24.
Dutch translation Hier ligt begraven de eerbiedwaardige heer Herman van Rijn, deken en kanunnik van deze kerk, hier begraven, wiens ziel in vrede moge rusten, die stierf in het jaar des Heren 1488 op 24 december.
Lay–out
Lay-out Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Name [899] Harmannus de Reno (Herman van Rijn) (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Buchelius provides us with a different transcription in the 'Monumenta' (fol. 40v): Hic iacet sepultus venerabilis dominus Harmannus de Reno, decanus et canonicus huius ecclesie, qui obiit Anno Domini M CCCC LXXXVIII XXIIII.

Saint Portraits

Indication of the part
Indication of the part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait First saint from the left
Specification of saint
Name unknown male saint
Sex male
Type of saint
  • unknown
Specification
Attributes
  • one or more persons
Specification a human figure at his feet
Gesture
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Bogaers (2008) suggests that St Martin may be depicted here, in view of the figure (a beggar) at the saint's feet
Indication of the part
Indication of the part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait First saint from the right
Specification of saint
Name unknown male saint
Sex male
Type of saint
  • unknown
Specification
Attributes
Specification
Gesture
  • no longer visible
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 899
Personal details
Name Harmannus de Reno (Herman van Rijn)
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1488/12/24
Additional remarks He was buried in the St. Pieterskerk (St Peter's Church) in Utrecht.
Social standing
Status secular clergy
Arguments
  • clothing of the portrayed person
  • mentioned in the inscription
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy canon
Specification canon and dean at the St. Pieterskerk in Utrecht
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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