Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Parish

Grote of St. Vituskerk in Naarden, Noord-Holland, NL

MeMO institution ID and name
MeMO institution ID 55
Name (Dutch) Grote of St. Vituskerk
Name (English) St Vitus's Church
Patron saint(s)
  • Vitus
Additional remarks St Vitus became Patron Saint after the Abbey of Elten (St Vitus) got the right of collation. In the fifteenth century parts of the body of St Vitus were transferred to Naarden.
Location (according to current geography)
Province Noord-Holland, NL - Netherlands
Settlement Naarden
Coordinates 143/480
Diocese before 1559 Utrecht
Diocese after 1559 Utrecht
Parish Naarden
Date of foundation ca.900
Founder(s) or main benefactor(s)
Right of collation Since 1180: The Abbey of Elten (St Vitus's Abbey; Lower Rhine, Benedictine Nuns) and St John's Collegiate Church in Utrecht (until 1566).
Phases in the institutional history Since 900 the parish church of Naarden belonged to the abbey of Werden (Germany). Since 1180 the right of collation belonged to the abbess of Elten (St Vitus's monastery). The right of collation belonged to the abbey of Elten and the St John's collegiate church (Utrecht) in turns. Shortly after 1566 the St John's collegiate church lost the right of collation to the abbey of Elten.
Date of reformation (or dissolution) 1572-1573
Additional remarks The church of St Vitus was a proprietary church of the St Vitus abbey in Elten. The original church was located in Oud-Naarden. When Oud-Naarden burnt down a new church was founded in Nieuw-Naarden between 1350 and 1440.
Extant memorial objects and/or texts concerning memoria
Memorial objects
Text carriers
  • Dongen, G.A. van , Grote Kerk Naarden na zeventien jaar klaar, De kerkvoogdij 600 (1979), 5112-5114, 5112-5114
  • Fremery, F. de, De kapitelen van het koor in de Grote Kerk van Naarden, De Omroeper: historical periodical Naarden 15 (2002), 71-80, 71-80
  • Janse, H., Naarden, Grote Kerk; bouwgeschiedenis, gewelfschilderingen; voorlopig verslag (Zeist 1974)
  • Joosting & Muller Hzn., J.G.C.& S., Bronnen voor de geschiedenis der kerkelijke rechtspraak in het bisdom Utrecht in de Middeleeuwen. I: S. Muller Hzn, De indeeling van het bisdom (The Hague 1915), 349
  • Kok, H.J., Proeve van een onderzoek van de patrocinia in het middeleeuwse bisdom Utrecht (Amsterdam 1958), 85-86
  • Kroonenburg, J. ; Rossum, M.G. van ; Bruin, J. , De Grote Kerk van Naarden in historisch perspectief (Naarden 1984)
  • Numan, A.M., Noord-Hollandse kerken en kapellen in de Middeleeuwen, ca. 720-1200 (Zutphen 2005), 150-151
Links

Building history

General date of construction 1400-1500
Church or chapel(s)
Name St Vitus's Church, Naarden
Date of foundation <996
Date of consecration
Short history of the building stages 1380-1440: Construction of the late Gothic choir, the tower and the nave. 1455: Enlargement (transept and aisles). 1479: Construction of the sacristy. 1510: Restoration of the church after a city fire in 1468, 1481 and 1490. 1661: Construction of the (tower) steeple. 1935-1943, 1965-1978: Restoration.
Additional remarks Part of the inventory is a rood screen (1531), a magistrate bench (1623), a citizen's militia bench (1663) and a late Gothic pulpit. Also part of the inventory is a church organ made by C.G.F. Witte. Special are the paintings made around 1510-1518 on the vault of the choir and nave representing biblical scenes and with the armorial bearings of benefactors (the city, guilds and distinguished families, but also Charles V).
Burial ground
Location
Date of consecration
Date of clearance
Extant building remnants
Demolition
Additional remarks
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