Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Memorial sculpture of Joost Sasbout and Catharina van der Meer

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 570
Name Memorial sculpture of Joost Sasbout and Catharina van der Meer
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Arnhem, Grote of St. Eusebiuskerk
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Single piece (sculpture)
Short description Sculpture with inscriptions and decorations, formerly showing the Nativity
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1525-1575
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Nole, Colijn de
Original institution(s)
Original institution [385] Grote of St. Eusebiuskerk (St Eusebius's Church), Arnhem
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? yes
(Probable) original location
  • in the ambulatory
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks The sculpture has always been located on the wall in the northern ambulatory
Memorial piece
Function
  • social
  • didactic
  • liturgical/religious
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function memorial sculpture; commemorating a married couple
Change in function
Remarks about function arguments for functions: memorial texts on the sculpture; iconography of the sculpture (cadaver and young woman lying on reed matting)
Name Joes Sasbout (Joost Sasbout) and Catarina vander Meer (Catharina van der Meer)
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [6433] Catarina vander Meer (Catharina Pietersdr. van der Meer) (female)
  • [3304] Joes Sasbout (Joost Sasbout) (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons married couple
Relation specification
Additional remarks argument for identification of commemorated party: texts on the sculpture
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification Avender stone; Baumberg stone (restorations)
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth
Completeness • Incomplete. The central niche originally showed a relief depicting the Nativity. It is unknown whether this scene included devotional portraits. The niche could be closed with shutters. • Original stone frame.
Condition
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
  • inscription(s) added
  • decoration(s) added
  • decoration(s) removed
Specification It has been suggested that the lower registers and top were added to the centre of the sculpture at a later date. See Leeman and Vos (1986), p. 164. The inscription
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance The sculpture has been in the church of old
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Brink, Trudi, Ontworpen voor de eeuwigheid. De memoriesculptuur voor Joost Sasbout en Catharina van der Meer in de Eusebiuskerk te Arnhem, Bulletin: Koninklijke Nederlandse Oudheidkundige Bond (KNOB) 112; no. 3 (2013), 152-165
  • Kloek, W.Th., Kunst voor de beeldenstorm: Noordnederlandse kunst, 1525-1580, vol. I (The Hague 1986), 100, 102
  • Leeman, Fred; Vos, Rik, Het nieuwe ornament ('s Gravenhage 1986), 163-164
  • Schulte, A.G., De Grote of Eusebiuskerk in Arnhem (Utrecht 1994), 179-182
Other documentation
Documentation in the SKKN (Stichting Kerkelijk Kunstbezit in Nederland), Utrecht
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Single piece (front) of [570] Memorial sculpture of Joost Sasbout and Catharina van der Meer

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Short description
Short description Sculpture with inscriptions and decorations, formerly showing the Nativity
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth
Date
Year ca.1546
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date of death given on the object
Specification date of death of Joost Sasbout
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Arnhem, Grote of St. Eusebiuskerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The sculpture is located on the wall in the northern ambulatory
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Nole, Colijn de
Attribution
  • style
Specification attribution(s) on stylistic grounds; resemblance to other works
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription lower half of the sculpture, tablet to the right of the cadaver
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Caro fenum
Translation
English translation All flesh is grass
Dutch translation Alle vlees is hooi
Lay–out
Lay-out Roman majuscules
Inscription mentioning
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Taken from Isaiah 40:6
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription lower half of the sculpture, upper inscription (two pieces of parchment)
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Hier leyt begraven Joes Sasbout Cantzler des Furstendoms Gelre ende Graefschaps Zutphen ende starf den XIIIIen November Anno XVc XLVI; Anno XVc LX den VIII november starf Ioncvrou Catarina vander Meer zijn huisvrou ende leyt begraven in den Hage in Hollant.
Translation
English translation Here lies buried Joost Sasbout, chancellor of the principality of Guelders and the county of Zutphen and died on November 14 in the year 1546; In the year 1560 on November 8 died lady Catharina van der Meer his wife and lies buried in The Hague in Holland.
Dutch translation Hier ligt begraven Joost Sasbout, kanselier van het vorstendom Gelre en het graafschap Zutphen en stierf op 14 November in het jaar 1546; In het jaar 1560 op 8 november stierf jonkvrouw Catharina van der Meer zijn huisvrouw en ligt begraven in Den Haag in Holland.
Lay–out
Lay-out Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Name [3304] Joes Sasbout (Joost Sasbout) (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Name [6433] Catarina vander Meer (Catharina Pietersdr. van der Meer) (female)
Sex female
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription lower half of the sculpture, tablet to the left of the cadaver
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Homo bulla
Translation
English translation Man is a bubble
Dutch translation De mens is een zeepbel
Lay–out
Lay-out Roman majuscules
Inscription mentioning
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Erasmus, Adagia, II 3, 48, who borrowed it from Varro, Rerum rusticarum liber I,1,1.
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription lower half of the sculpture, lower inscription (tablet)
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Siste gradum. Quod es, ipse fui; fortassis eris cras, / quod sum: cadaver putridum. / Olim Iodocus eram Sasbout; me misit in auras / Delft clara pars Bataviae. / Ter denis patriae causas decidimus annis, / pars consili haud ingloria. / Deinde et pacatis praeses ius Caesare Gelris / dixi iubente Carolo. / Quid tituli, quid opes, quid nunc prudentia prodest?/ Mors summa miscet infimis. / Sola manet virtus homini post funera; solam / dum vivis hanc ama. Vale. - Vivus sibi scripsit. Vixit annos LIX menses VIII dies X.
Translation
English translation Stand still. What you are, I have been myself; maybe tomorrow you will be what I am: a rotten corpse. Once I was Joost Sasbout; I have seen the light of day in Delft, famous part of Batavia. For thirty years I have taken decisions in matters of the fatherland as a glorious part of the court. Then, when Gelderland had been pacified, I have become president of the court by command of Emperor Charles. But how do titles, treasures or wisdom help me now? Death equates high and low. Only virtue stays for man after death; only this you should nourish while you live. Goodbye. - During his life he has written this for himself. He has lived 59 years, 8 months and 10 days.
Dutch translation Sta stil. Wat gij zijt, ben ik geweest; wellicht zijt gij morgen wat ik ben: een rottend lijk. Eens was ik Joost Sasbout; ik zag het levenslicht in Delft, roemrijk deel van het land der Bataven. Dertig jaar lang besliste ik over de zaken van het vaderland en was ik eervol onderdeel van de rechtbank. Daarna, nadat Gelderland tot vrede was gebracht, werd ik op bevel van keizer Karel president van de rechtbank. Maar wat baten mij thans titels, schatten of wijsheid? De dood maakt hoog en laag gelijk. Alleen de deugd wacht de mens na zijn dood; die alleen moet gij bij uw leven hoog houden. Vaarwel. - Tijdens zijn leven schreef hij dit voor zichzelf op. Hij leefde 59 jaar, 8 maanden en 10 dagen.
Lay–out
Lay-out Roman majuscules
Inscription mentioning
Name [3304] Joes Sasbout (Joost Sasbout) (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • This text lists the merits of Joost Sasbout. • The metre is the first Pythiambic (a line of dactylic hexameter followed by a line of iambic dimeter).

Decorations

Indication of part
Indication of the part Single piece (front)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • mask(s)
  • architectural decorations
  • geometric patterns
  • allegorical motifs
  • garland(s)
  • angels, putti or cherubs
  • flowers/plants
  • human figures (incl. skeletons and skulls)
  • fruit
  • religious attributes or symbols
  • mythical figures and/or creatures
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) From bottom to top. • First register: two bearded men wearing a toga and holding a tablet (centre); fruit (spandrels and bottom); volutes; hybrid creatures (on the sides); consoles with acanthus leaves. • Second register: cadaver and young woman lying on reed matting (centre); oil lamps (background); putto sitting on a box and extinguishing a torch (left); mourning putto sitting on a box and holding a torch (right); pleurants in niches (far left and right). • Third register: two pieces of parchment accompanied by three herms (centre); flanked by two satyrs that are tied together and a monster (left and right); woman with a basket of fruit on her head (far left and right); masks (on the sides). • Centre: pilasters decorated with grotesques and surmounted by Ionic capitals; volutes with acanthus leaves (on the sides); arch; winged putti heads (spandrels); architrave with astragals; frieze with grotesques; cornice. • Top: aedicula of which the columns flank three putti with a bible; pediment with shell motive.
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 3304
Personal details
Name Joes Sasbout (Joost Sasbout)
Sex male
Year/date of birth 1487/03/04
Year/date of death 1546/11/14
Additional remarks He was born in Delft as son of Sasbout Dirksz. Sasbout, mayor and treasurer, and Machteld van der Dussen. Husband of Catharina Pietersdr. van der Meer with whom he had children. He died in Haarlem but was buried in the northern ambulatory of the St Eusebius's Church in Arnhem.
Social standing
Status patriciate
Arguments
  • according to literature
  • mentioned in the inscription
Specification councillor of the court of Holland (1515-ca.1544); high chancellor of Gelre (Guelders) and Zutphen (1543-1546)
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 6433
Personal details
Name Catarina vander Meer (Catharina Pietersdr. van der Meer)
Sex female
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1560/11/08
Additional remarks Daughter of Pieter Arendsz. van der Meer and Lidewij Jacobs de Wilt Van Bleijswijk. Wife of Joost Sasbout with whom she had children. She was buried in The Hague.
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
  • mentioned in the inscription
Specification lady ('jonkvrouw')
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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