Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Adoration of the Virgin and Child (?) with devotional portrait of Johan Levini

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 576
Name Adoration of the Virgin and Child (?) with devotional portrait of Johan Levini
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Deventer, Lebuinuskerk
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Single piece (sculpture)
Short description Sculpture showing the Adoration of the Virgin and Child (?) with devotional portrait, inscription and saint
Remarks about category Single piece: no separation between portrait(s) - main image
General date
General date 1450-1475
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [1] Grote of St. Lebuïnuskerk (St Lebuinus's Church (Grote Kerk)), Deventer
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? unclear
(Probable) original location
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
  • liturgical/religious
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function memorial sculpture
Change in function
Remarks about function argument for function: memorial text on the sculpture
Name Johan Levini
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [990] Johan Levini (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons no relation (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks argument for identification of commemorated party: text on the sculpture
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification Baumberg sandstone
Traces of polychromy? yes
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth
Completeness Incomplete: heads and hands of the figures are missing (hacked away?)
Condition The sculpture is damaged and its surface worn
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance The sculpture has been in the church of old
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Bouvy, D.P.R.A., Middeleeuwsche beeldhouwkunst in de Noordelijke Nederlanden (Amsterdam 1947), 120
  • Kuile, E.H. ter; Koch, A.C.F., De Nederlandse monumenten van geschiedenis en kunst IV. De provincie Overijssel, 2e stuk: Zuid-Salland (The Hague 1964), 54
Other documentation
SKKN: inv. no. 10009-23
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • Faulty identification by Bouvy (1947), who assumes that Johan Levini is the kneeling figure to the Virgin’s right. • Due to the many damages, it is difficult to determine the subject matter of the main image. Considering that the text below the image makes mention of an altar of the Magi, it is possible that the sculpture originally represented the Adoration of the Magi. This type of image, however, usually shows a seated Virgin while here the Virgin is depicted standing. There is also the possibility that the main image represented the Mystic Marriage of St Catherine, based on the position of the saint to the Virgin's right.

Single piece (front) of [576] Adoration of the Virgin and Child (?) with devotional portrait of Johan Levini

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Short description
Short description Adoration of the Virgin and Child (?) with devotional portrait of Johan Levini, inscription and St Sebastian
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth
Date
Year 1457
Specified date 1457/05/28
Argumentation
  • date of death given on the object
Specification
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Deventer, Lebuinuskerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The sculpture is located in the southern ambulatory, built into a brick wall
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait to the Virgin's left (second figure from the left)
Portrait of
Name Johan Levini
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing clothes of an ecclesiastical office holder
Short description alb
Attributes
Attributes
  • not recognizable
Specification attributes no longer recognizable (work is damaged)
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The portrayed person was chantry priest of the altar of the Magi in the St. Lebuïnuskerk (St Lebuines Church) in Deventer

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription text field below the religious image
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Int iaer uns Heren M CCCC LVII den XXVIII dach van meie starf her Iohan Levini vicaris [...] Heilge Dri Koninc altaer. Bit vor hem.
Translation
English translation In the year of Our Lord 1457 on the 28th day of May died sir Johan Levini, chantry priest [...] Holy Magi altar. Pray for him.
Dutch translation In het jaar ons Heren 1457 op de 28ste dag van mei stierf heer Johan Levini, vicaris [...] Heilige Driekoningen altaar. Bid voor hem.
Lay–out
Lay-out Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Name [990] Johan Levini (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Memorial text including an appeal to the viewer for prayer for the commemorated person(s)

Saint Portraits

Indication of the part
Indication of the part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait First saint from the left
Specification of saint
Name Sebastian
Sex male
Type of saint
  • unknown
Specification
Attributes
Specification
Gesture
  • no longer visible
Specification
Posture standing
Specification leaning against a column
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The body of the saint shows holes, which originally may have had arrows sticking out of them

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 990
Personal details
Name Johan Levini
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1457/05/28
Additional remarks
Social standing
Status secular clergy
Arguments
  • mentioned in the inscription
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy (parish or chantry) priest
Specification chantry priest of the altar of the Magi in the St. Lebuïnuskerk (St Lebuines Church) in Deventer
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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