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Description - Memorial Object

Adoration of the Virgin and Child with devotional portraits of the Van Leyden family

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 577
Name Adoration of the Virgin and Child with devotional portraits of the Van Leyden family
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Deventer, Lebuinuskerk
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Single piece (sculpture)
Short description Sculpture showing the Adoration of the Virgin and Child with devotional portraits, inscriptions, heraldic shields/coats of arms and saints
Remarks about category Single piece: no separation between portrait(s) - main image
General date
General date 1425-1475
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [1] Grote of St. Lebuïnuskerk (St Lebuinus's Church (Grote Kerk)), Deventer
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? unclear
(Probable) original location
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
  • liturgical/religious
  • social
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function memorial sculpture; commemorating a family
Change in function
Remarks about function argument for function: memorial text(s) on the sculpture
Name Van Leyden family
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [3307] Johan van Leyden (male)
  • [3305] Henrick van Leyden (male)
  • [3306] Ghert van Leyden (male)
  • [3308] Mechtelt, wife of Johan van Leyden (female)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons extended family
Relation specification two or more generations of a family: the exact relation between the commemorated persons is unclear
Additional remarks argument for identification of commemorated party: text(s) on the sculpture
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification blonde sandstone
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 150 x 160 x 0
Completeness Incomplete: the heads and hands of the figures have been hacked away
Condition The sculpture is severely damaged
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance The sculpure has been in the church of old
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Bloys van Treslong Prins, P.C., Genealogische en heraldische gedenkwaardigheden in en uit de kerken der provincie Overijssel (Utrecht 1925), 71; no. 60
  • Bouvy, D.P.R.A., Middeleeuwsche beeldhouwkunst in de Noordelijke Nederlanden (Amsterdam 1947), 119-120
  • Dubbe, B., Interieur en inventaris tot 1800, in: Mekking, Aart J.J., De Grote of Lebuinuskerk te Deventer: de 'Dom' van het Oversticht veelzijdig bekeken (Zutphen 1992), 234-279, 260; figure 224
  • Koch, A.C.F.; Kuile, E.H. ter, De Nederlandse monumenten van geschiedenis en kunst IV. De provincie Overijssel, 2e stuk: Zuid-Salland (The Hague 1964), 54
Other documentation
• SKKN: inv. no. 10009-22. • HCO Deventer, Beeldbank: 10_FK2_2 : 1194 : 5476
Additional remarks
Additional remarks It is unclear which devotional portrait represents which commemorated person. The heraldry and patron saints do not provide leads regarding the identification of the four portraits. According to Dubbe (1992), the four portraits are those of two married couples. The main inscription, however, appears to commemorate three men and a woman.

Single piece (front) of [577] Adoration of the Virgin and Child with devotional portraits of the Van Leyden family

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Short description
Short description Adoration of the Virgin and Child with devotional portraits of four members of the Van Leyden family, six inscriptions, four heraldic shields/coats of arms, and SS Thomas and Peter
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 150 x 160 x 0
Date
Year ca.1456
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date of death given on the object
Specification date of death of one of the commemorated persons
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Deventer, Lebuinuskerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The sculpture is located inside a niche in the south aisle, built into a brick wall
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait second figure from the left
Portrait of
Name
Sex
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description
Attributes
Attributes
  • object(s)
Specification pouch/purse on the floor
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The portrait is severely damaged. It is unclear whether a male or female member of the Van Leyden family is represented here: a pouch/purse could be worn by both men and women (see for instance MeMO memorial objects ID 503, 524, 566 and 761).
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait third figure from the left
Portrait of
Name
Sex
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description hat on the floor
Attributes
Attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The portrait is severely damaged. Considering the hat, it represents a male member of the Van Leyden family.
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait second figure from the right
Portrait of
Name
Sex
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description cloak and dress
Attributes
Attributes
  • text carrier (e.g. books)
Specification open book on the floor
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The portrait is severely damaged. Considering the clothing, it represents a female member of the Van Leyden family.
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait third figure from the right
Portrait of
Name
Sex
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description hat on the floor
Attributes
Attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The portrait is severely damaged. Considering the hat, it represents a male member of the Van Leyden family.

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the left-hand side of the religious image, between the two devotional portraits
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Marshalled arms (2 coats of arms in one shield per pale or per fess)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield Per pale, I: heraldic charges are lost; II: four couped pales pointed at both ends, surmounted by a couped embattled fess, in chief a five-pointed star (Gedeeld, I: wapenstukken zijn verdwenen; II: vier verkorte aan beide zijden gepunte palen, waar overheen een verkorte gekanteelde dwarsbalk, boven vergezeld van een vijfpuntige ster)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling) Crest: two wings (Helmteken: een vlucht)
Remarks Polychromy is lost (Polychromie is verdwenen)
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to ?- Van Leyden
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the right-hand side of the religious image, between the two devotional portraits
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield Four couped pales pointed at both ends, surmounted by a couped embattled fess, in chief a five-pointed star (Vier verkorte aan beide zijden gepunte palen, waar overheen een verkorte gekanteelde dwarsbalk, boven vergezeld van een vijfpuntige ster)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling) Crest: a bundle of feathers? (Helmteken: een bundel veren?)
Remarks Polychromy is lost (Polychromie is verdwenen)
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Van Leyden
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry below the religious image, to the left of the text field
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield Heraldic charges are lost (Wapenstukken zijn verdwenen)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks Polychromy is lost (Polychromie is verdwenen)
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Not identified
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The shield may have been hacked away
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry below the religious image, to the right of the text field
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield Three holly leaves, 2-1 (Drie hulstbladeren, 2-1)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks Polychromy is lost (Polychromie is verdwenen)
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Ter Bruggen?
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks According to Dubbe (1992), this shield belongs to the Ter Bruggen family

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription text field below the religious image
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Hier licht begraven Johan van Leiden end Mechtelt sin wiif, ende Hen[rick] [va]n Leiiden die sterf [in]t iiaer ons heren MCCCCXXXVIII op sencte Severyns avent. Bit voer die sielen. Toen(?) bi begrave Ghert van Leiiden d' starf int iaer ons here MCCCCLVI.
Translation
English translation Here lies buried Johan van Leyden and his wife Mechtelt, and Henrick van Leyden who died in the year of our Lord 1438 on St Severin's eve. Pray for the souls. Then(?) Ghert van Leyden was buried who died in the year of our Lord 1456.
Dutch translation Hier ligt begraven Johan van Leyden en zijn vrouw Mechtelt, en Henrick van Leyden die stierf in het jaar ons Heren 1438 op St. Severinus-avond. Bid voor de zielen. Toen(?) bijbegraven Ghert van Leyden die stierf in het jaar ons Heren 1456.
Lay–out
Lay-out Incised Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Name [3306] Ghert van Leyden (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Name [3307] Johan van Leyden (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Name [3308] Mechtelt, wife of Johan van Leyden (female)
Sex female
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Name [3305] Henrick van Leyden (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • Memorial text including an appeal to the viewer for prayer for the commemorated person(s). • The eve of the feast-day of St Severin of Cologne is October 22. • Based on the inscription, 'Ghert' was buried later on in the same grave as his relatives.
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription on the banderole near the first portrait from the right, to the left of St Peter
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Bidt voer uns.
Translation
English translation Pray for us.
Dutch translation Bid voor ons.
Lay–out
Lay-out Incised Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Plea to St Peter
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription on the banderole near the second portrait from the left, to the left of the Virgin and Child
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription O mater Dei, memento mei.
Translation
English translation O Mother of God, remember me.
Dutch translation O moeder Gods, gedenk mij.
Lay–out
Lay-out Incised Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Plea to the Virgin
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription upper left corner, on the carpenter's square of St Thomas
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription S Toomaes
Translation
English translation St Thomas
Dutch translation St. Thomas
Lay–out
Lay-out Incised Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription on the banderole near the first portrait from the left, to the right of St Thomas
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Apostel gods bit voer mi.
Translation
English translation Apostle of God pray for me.
Dutch translation Apostel Gods bid voor mij.
Lay–out
Lay-out Incised Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Plea to St Thomas
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription on the banderole near the second portrait from the right, to the right of the Virgin and Child
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Untfermt u unser.
Translation
English translation Have mercy on us.
Dutch translation Ontferm u over ons.
Lay–out
Lay-out Incised Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Plea to the Virgin?

Saint Portraits

Indication of the part
Indication of the part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait First saint from the left
Specification of saint
Name Thomas
Sex male
Type of saint
  • unknown
Specification
Attributes
  • tools/instruments (incl. keys)/materials (part of)
Specification carpenter's square
Gesture
  • hand on the shoulder or back of a commemorated person
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The name of the saint is inscribed above his head
Indication of the part
Indication of the part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait First saint from the right
Specification of saint
Name Peter
Sex male
Type of saint
  • unknown
Specification
Attributes
  • tools/instruments (incl. keys)/materials (part of)
Specification key
Gesture
  • hand on the shoulder or back of a commemorated person
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 3305
Personal details
Name Henrick van Leyden
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1438/10/22
Additional remarks Henrick van Leyden was buried in St Lebuinus's Church in Deventer
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 3306
Personal details
Name Ghert van Leyden
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1456
Additional remarks Ghert (Geert?) van Leyden was buried in St Lebuinus's Church in Deventer
Social standing
Status patriciate
Arguments
  • according to literature
Specification Perhaps this is the Geert van Leyden who is mentioned in archival records in the 1440s/1450s and who was an alderman of Deventer
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 3307
Personal details
Name Johan van Leyden
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks Husband of Mechtelt. Johan was buried in St Lebuinus's Church in Deventer.
Social standing
Status patriciate
Arguments
  • according to literature
Specification Archival records of the first half of the 15th century mention a (or several) Johan van Leyden, acting as alderman of Deventer and churchwarden of the church of Raalte. In 1427 a Johan van Leyden became dike-reeve of Salland.
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 3308
Personal details
Name Mechtelt, wife of Johan van Leyden
Sex female
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks Wife of Johan van Leyden. Mechtelt was buried in St Lebuinus's Church in Deventer.
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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