Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Works of Charity with devotional portraits of an unknown family

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 581
Name Works of Charity with devotional portraits of an unknown family
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Enschede, Rijksmuseum Twenthe
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Single piece (painting)
Short description Painting showing the Works of Charity with devotional portraits
Remarks about category Single piece: portraits in separate composition(s)
General date
General date 1500-1525
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Fountain of Life, Master of the
Original institution(s)
Still in original institution? no
Location inside the institution
In situ?
(Probable) original location
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
  • liturgical/religious
  • social
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function commemorating a family; memorial painting?; commemorating a foundation/donation?
Change in function
Remarks about function In view of the iconography of this work, it is very well possible that the painting commemorates a foundation or donation
Name
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [1014] unknown man (male)
  • [3320] four boys (male)
  • [1015] unknown woman (female)
  • [3321] four girls (female)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons nuclear family
Relation specification married couple with four sons and four daughters
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • wood (panel)
Specification tempera and oil on panel
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 66 x 111 x 0
Completeness
Condition
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance See literature: Catalogue Rijksmuseum Twenthe, Enschede (Enschede 1974)
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Boon, K.G., Eenige opmerkingen naar aanleiding van vroege Nederlandsche schilders, Oud Holland 57 (1940), 97-108, 97-108
  • Bueren, T. van, Leven na de dood: gedenken in de late Middeleeuwen (Turnhout 1999), 184
  • Hulshoff, A.L.; Kuile, O. ter, Catalogus van de schilderijen Rijksmuseum Twenthe, Enschede (Enschede 1974), 71
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks This painting consists of nine sections: seven sections showing works of charity and two sections showing devotional portraits (lower left and right)

Single piece (front) of [581] Works of Charity with devotional portraits of an unknown family

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Short description
Short description Works of Charity with devotional portraits of an unknown family
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 66 x 111 x 0
Date
Year ca.1510
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
Specification date based on stylistic analysis; clothes
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Enschede, Rijksmuseum Twenthe
Collection
Collection identifier 39
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Fountain of Life, Master of the
Attribution
  • style
Specification attribution(s) on stylistic grounds
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait lower left section: first up to and including the fourth person from the left
Portrait of
Name four boys
Sex male
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description brown and black(ish) tabards
Attributes
Attributes
  • no general attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks Considering that all of the depicted children are young and specific characteristics are lacking, there is no reason to believe that the small size of some of the children is an indication that they had already died when the painting was made.
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait lower left section: fifth person from the left
Portrait of
Name unknown man
Sex male
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description black fur-lined tabard
Attributes
Attributes
  • no general attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks Father of the unknown family
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait lower right section: first up to and including the fourth person from the right
Portrait of
Name four girls
Sex female
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description greyish, pinkish and green dresses
Attributes
Attributes
  • no general attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks Considering that all of the depicted children are young and specific characteristics are lacking, there is no reason to believe that the small size of some of the children is an indication that they had already died when the painting was made.
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait lower right section: fifth person from the right
Portrait of
Name unknown woman
Sex female
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description black veil, greyish dress
Attributes
Attributes
  • no general attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks Mother of the unknown family

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 1014
Personal details
Name unknown man
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks father of at least four sons and four daughters (based on memorial painting)
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 1015
Personal details
Name unknown woman
Sex female
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks mother of at least four sons and four daughters (based on memorial painting)
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 3320
Personal details
Name four boys
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 3321
Personal details
Name four girls
Sex female
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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