Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Portrait of Eilard Cromme

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 588
Name Portrait of Eilard Cromme
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Kampen, Stedelijk Museum Kampen
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Single piece (painting)
Short description Painting showing a portrait, inscription and heraldic shields
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1525-1550
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [4] St. Nicolaaskerk (Bovenkerk) (St Nicholas's Church), Kampen
Arguments
  • based on research (literature, archival or archaeological research)
Specification document(s)
Still in original institution? no
Location inside the institution
In situ?
(Probable) original location
  • in a chapel
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks The painting was originally located in the 'Jeruzalemkapel' (Jerusalem Chapel)
Memorial piece
Function
  • liturgical/religious
  • historical
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function memorial painting; commemorating a historical event
Change in function
Remarks about function argument for functions: memorial text on the painting
Name Elaert Crome (Eilard Cromme)
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [1030] Elaert Crome (Eilard Cromme) (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons no relation (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks argument for identification of commemorated party: text on the painting
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • wood (panel)
Specification oil on panel
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 52 x 46 x 0
Completeness
Condition
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance See literature: Kolman, 1987/88
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Bijsterbos, J.C., Het pesthuis te Kampen, thans stads-ziekenhuis, Verslagen en mededeelingen van de Vereeniging tot Beoefening van Overijsselsch Regt en Geschiedenis 8 (1873), 25-62, 40-41
  • Bueren, T. van, Leven na de dood: gedenken in de late Middeleeuwen (Turnhout 1999), 80, 230
  • Holterman, Bart, Representations of Jerusalem pilgrims, http://memo.hum.uu.nl/jerusalem/pages/17.shtml
  • Kolman, R.J., De pelgrims van Jeruzalem te Kampen ca 1450-1580, Kamper almanak (1987), 155-214, 163-165, 202
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Single piece (front) of [588] Portrait of Eilard Cromme

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Short description
Short description Portrait of Eilard Cromme, inscription and two heraldic shields
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 52 x 46 x 0
Date
Year 1545
Specified date 1545/10/04
Argumentation
  • date of death given on the object
Specification
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Kampen, Stedelijk Museum Kampen
Collection
Collection identifier 3259
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait in the centre
Portrait of
Name Elaert Crome (Eilard Cromme)
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture in half-figure
Manner of portrayal
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description red undergarment, black cloak/tabard and black beret
Attributes
Attributes
  • gloves
Specification glove in his right hand
Insignia
Insignia
  • pilgrim insignia
Specification palm branch (Jerusalem feather) in his left hand
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The portrayed person was mayor of Kampen. He went on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land.

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry upper left corner
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Heraldry of corporations (cities, guilds, confraternities, companies)
Specification
Shape of the shield Late renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield In silver a red cross potent over two green(?) palm branches in saltire - (In zilver een rood krukkenkruis over twee schuingekruiste groene(?) palmtakken)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Pilgrim's sign of Jerusalem
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry upper right corner
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Late renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield In silver a black mark - (In zilver een zwart merk)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Eilard Cromme
Person details
Person details
  • [1030] Elaert Crome (Eilard Cromme) (male)
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription text panel above the portrait (pediment)
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Anno 1520 de 28 dach augusti in Herusalem. Anno 1545 op Sinte Franciscus dach starff Elaert Crome, pilgherum van Herusalem.
Translation
English translation In the year 1520, on the 28th day of August in Jerusalem. In the year 1545 on St Francis' Day (October 4) died Eilard Cromme, Jerusalem pilgrim.
Dutch translation In het jaar 1520, op de 28ste dag van augustus in Jeruzalem. In het jaar 1545 op St. Franciscus-dag (4 oktober) stierf Eilard Cromme, pelgrim van Jeruzalem.
Lay–out
Lay-out Roman majuscules
Inscription mentioning
Name [1030] Elaert Crome (Eilard Cromme) (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • Memorial text. • The text informs the viewer that the portrayed person visited Jerusalem in 1520 and died in 1545.

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 1030
Personal details
Name Elaert Crome (Eilard Cromme)
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1545/10/04
Additional remarks Eilard Cromme donated generously to the Nicolaaskerk (St Nicolas’s Church) in Kampen and also founded a pest house in this city (1538). He went on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land in 1520.
Social standing
Status patriciate
Arguments
  • according to literature
Specification councillor, alderman and mayor of Kampen
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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