Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Memorial painting (diptych) with the Virgin and Child and the devotional portrait of a man as Joseph

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 601
Name Memorial painting (diptych) with the Virgin and Child and the devotional portrait of a man as Joseph
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Munich, Alte Pinakothek
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Diptych
Short description Panels of a former diptych showing the Virgin and Child with devotional portrait and saint
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1500-1525
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Leyden, Lucas van
Original institution(s)
Still in original institution? no
Location inside the institution
In situ?
(Probable) original location
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks Vogelaar (2011) suggests the convent of Dominican sisters (or white nuns) on the Rapenburg in Leiden as possible original location of the work, a diptych originally
Memorial piece
Function
  • liturgical/religious
Specification
Additional remarks Diptychs may usually have had a devotional and not a commemorative function. However, in this case the diptych functioned as a memorial piece as well. No information is available about possible other functions: memorial text(s) may be missing.
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name unknown man (Jacob de Ridder?)
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [1097] unknown man (Jacob de Ridder?) (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons not applicable (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks For a possible identification of the commemorated party, see Portraits
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • wood (panel)
Specification oil on oak
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth
Completeness • Originally two wings of a diptych with semicircular tops. The two wings of the diptych have been integrated into one rectangular piece. There is some disagreement about when this happened: according to Filedt Kok (1975) and Baumstark (2005) the wings were integrated as early as the 17th century, while Vogelaar (2011) claims that this occurred in the 19th century. In 1874, the back of the painting - showing the Annunciation - was separated from the front. The Annunciation originally formed the exterior right wing of the diptych. The exterior left wing was most likely never painted, as was common. Van Mander (1604) only mentions that the back of the diptych depicted an Annunciation. • The diptych may have had a memorial text and heraldry on the frame(s) and/or a separate text panel.
Condition Overpaintings
Conservation
Technical research
  • infrared reflectography (IRR)
  • X-ray
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
  • one or more effigies/portraits painted over
Specification Technical research has revealed that the devotional portrait of the man was changed into St Joseph by adding a lily, a ruler and a bucket of carpenter’s tools to the original portrait. Furthermore, the clothing of the man and the ring on his finger have been overpainted. These alterations most likely took place in the 17th century.
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance See literature: Catalogue Alte Pinakothek München (Munich 1999)
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Baumstark, R., Alte Pinakothek, ausgewählte Werke (Munich/Cologne 2005), 201
  • Eikemeier, P., Alte Pinakothek München: Erläuterungen zu den ausgestellten Gemälden (Munich 1999), 289-291
  • Filedt Kok, J.P.; Eikemeier, P.; Asperen de Boer, J.R.J. van, Das Diptychon des Lucas van Leiden von 1522. Versuch einer Rekonstruktion, Nederlands kunsthistorisch jaarboek 26 (1975), 229–258
  • Friedländer, M.J., Early Netherlandish painting, vol X (Leiden/Brussels 1967), 81-82
  • Jong, J.L. de, Karel van Mander, Het schilderboek. Het leven van de doorluchtige Nederlandse en Hoogduitse schilders (Amsterdam 1995), 106
  • Jongh, E. de, Grape Symbolism in paintings of the 16th and 17th centuries, Simiolus 7 (1974), 166-191, 166-191
  • Vogelaar, C.; Filedt Kok, J.P.; Leeflang, H.; Veldman, I.M., Lucas van Leyden en de Renaissance (Antwerp 2011), 40-41
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Single piece (front) of [601] Memorial painting (diptych) with the Virgin and Child and the devotional portrait of a man as Joseph

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Short description
Short description Virgin and Child with the devotional portrait of a man as Joseph, and St Mary Magdalene (originally the two interior wings of the diptych)
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 50 x 68 x 0
Date
Year 1522
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date given on the object (not date of death)
Specification date inscribed on the parapet behind the portrait
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Munich, Alte Pinakothek
Collection
Collection identifier 742
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Leyden, Lucas van
Attribution
  • signature
Specification signed ('L' on the parapet behind the portrait)
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Exterior right wing of diptych of [601] Memorial painting (diptych) with the Virgin and Child and the devotional portrait of a man as Joseph

Indication of part
Indication of part Exterior right wing of diptych
Short description
Short description Annunciation
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 42 x 29 x 0
Date
Year 1522
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date given on the object (not date of death)
Specification date given on the interior wings (now a single piece)
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Munich, Alte Pinakothek
Collection
Collection identifier 7713
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Leyden, Lucas van
Attribution
  • signature
Specification signed ('L' on the parapet behind the portrait)
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait on the right (foreground)
Portrait of
Name unknown man (Jacob de Ridder?)
Sex male
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture in half-figure
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description Largely overpainted. Originally a white blouse with a high collar, worn under a dark-coloured undergarment and cloak. He wore a ring on his left hand.
Attributes
Attributes
Specification The current attributes - a lily, a ruler and a bucket of carpenter’s tools - are later additions
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The devotional portrait was changed into St Joseph, most likely in the 17th century. Vogelaar (2011) identifies the portrayed man as Jacob de Ridder (ca. 1475-1529), a distinguished member of the clergy who was attached to the Dominican convent in Leiden. He founded an altar there which was dedicated to St Mary Magdalene, the patroness of the convent and the Dominican Order. Furthermore, she is the patron saint of the man on the painting.

Saint Portraits

Indication of the part
Indication of the part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait Behind or near the portrayed person(s)
Specification of saint
Name Mary Magdalene
Sex female
Type of saint
  • unknown
Specification Patron saint of the possible original location of the diptych, the convent church of the Leiden Dominicans, which in 1516 was dedicated to St Mary Magdalene (suggested by Vogelaar, 2011)
Attributes
  • medical tools/medication/hygiene
Specification ointment jar
Gesture
  • holding one or more attributes in his/her hands
  • pointing to a commemorated person
Specification
Posture sitting
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 1097
Personal details
Name unknown man (Jacob de Ridder?)
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks Jacob de Ridder (ca. 1475-1529) was a distinguished member of the clergy who was attached to the Dominican convent in Leiden. He founded an altar there which was dedicated to St Mary Magdalene, the patroness of the convent and the Dominican Order. See Vogelaar (2011).
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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